Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
2016 | 21 | 135-146
Article title


Title variants
Languages of publication
In this research, a cyclical adsorption/desorption of cadmium and zinc from solutions containing a single metal or its mixture in ratio of 1:1 and 1:2 using immobilized activated sludge in the chitosan (ASC) was examined. In the adsorption studies, the optimal dose of ASC was 4 g/L. The highest desorption efficiency was achieved for 1M HNO3. Both adsorption and desorption occurred in accordance with a pseudo-second order reactions which is confirmed by R2 values. Mass of zinc adsorbed and desorbed in one cycle from a solution containing a single metal was 0.78 and 0.40 mmol/g d.w. when cadmium was lower (respectively 0.41 and 0.21 mmol/g d.w.). In subsequent cycles, both metals were adsorbed and desorbed at a lower efficiency. The highest efficiency of desorption was observed for a mixture of Cd:Zn in the ratio of 1:1 and 1:2, respectively 86% and 89% of cycle1, whereas for the zinc it was 70% and 53%. Desorption efficiency of both metals and its mixtures, in subsequent cycles gradually decreased.
Physical description
  • Department of Biotechnology in Environmental Protection, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn ul. Słoneczna 45g,10–702 Olsztyn, Poland
  • Department of Environmental Engineering, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn ul. Warszawska 117, 10–720 Olsztyn, Poland
  • Department of Environmental Engineering, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn ul. Warszawska 117, 10–720 Olsztyn, Poland
  • Department of Environmental Engineering, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn ul. Warszawska 117, 10–720 Olsztyn, Poland
  • [1] Vijayaraghavan K, Yun Y; (2008) Bacterial biosorbents and biosorption. Biotechnol Adv 26, 266–291. DOI: 10.1016/j.biotechadv.2008.02.002
  • [2] Park D, Yun YS, Park JM; (2010) The past, present, and future trends of biosorption. Biotechnol Bioproc E 15, 86–102. DOI: 10.1007/s12257-009-0199-4
  • [3] Plaza Cazón J, Viera M, Donati E, Guibal E; (2013) Zinc and cadmium removal by biosorption on Undaria pinnatifida in batch and continuous processes. J Environ Manage 129, 423–434. DOI:10.1016/j.jenvman.2013.07.011
  • [4] Abdel –Aty AM, Nabila S, Ammar NS, Ghafar HHA, Ali RK; (2013) Biosorption of cadmium and lead from aqueous solution by fresh water alga Anabaena sphaerica biomass. J Adv Res 4, 367–374. DOI: 10.1016/j.jare.2012.07.004
  • [5] El-Shafey EI; (2010) Removal of Zn(II) and Hg(II) from aqueous solution on a carbonaceous sorbent chemically prepared from rice husk. J Hazard Mat 175, 319 – 327. DOI: 10.1016/j.hazmat.2009.10.006
  • [6] Palma G, Freer J, Baeza J; (2003) Removal of metal ions by modified Pinus radiate bark and tannins from water solution. Wat Res 37, 4974–4980. DOI: 10.1016/j.watres.2003.08.008
  • [7] Šćiban M, Radetić B, Kevrešan Ž, Klašnja M; (2007) Adsorption of heavy metals from electroplating wastewater by wood sawdust. Bioresour Technol 98, 402 – 409. DOI: 10.1016/j.biortech.2005.12.014
  • [8] Xiong C; (2010) Adsorption of cadmium(II) by chitin. J Chem Soc Pak 32, 429–435.
  • [9] Shaheen SM, Eissa FI, Ghanem KM, Gamal El-Din HM, Al Anany FS; (2013) Heavy metals removal from aqueous solutions and wastewaters by using various byproducts. J Environ Manage 128, 514–521. DOI: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2013.05.061.
  • [10] Sargın I, Kaya M, Arslan G, Baran T, Ceter T; (2015) Preparation and characterisation of biodegradable pollen–chitosan microcapsules and its application in heavy metal removal. Biores Technol 177,1–7. DOI: 10.1016/j.biortech.2014.11.067.
  • [11] Khosravan A, Lashkari B; (2011) Adsorption of Cd(II) by Dried Activated Sludge. Iranian J Chem Eng 8(2), 41–56.
  • [12] Kumar PS, Gayathri R; (2009) Adsorption of Pb2+ ions from aqueous solutions onto bael tree leaf powder: isotherms kinetics and thermodynamics study. Journal of Eng. Sci Technol 4(4), 381 – 399.
  • [13] Ong S, Toorisaka E, Hirata M, Hano T; (2010) Adsorption and toxicity of heavy metals on activated sludge. ScienceAsia 36, 204– 209.
  • [14] Gadd GM; (2009) Biosorption: critical review of scientific rationale, environmental importance and significance for pollution treatment. J Chem Technol Biotechnol 84, 13–28. DOI: 10.1002/jctb.1999
  • [15] Mack C, Wilhelmi B, Duncan JR, Burgess JE; (2007) Biosorption of precious metals. Biotechnol Adv 25, 264–271. DOI: 10.1016/j.biotechadv.2007.01.003
  • [16] Dhankhar R, Hooda A; (2011) Fungal biosorption – an alternative to meet the challenges of heavy metal pollution in aqueous solutions. Environ Technol 32, 467–491. DOI:10.1080/09593330.2011.572922
  • [17] Liu Y, Liao T, He Z, Li T, Wang H, Hu X, Guo Y, He Y; (2013) Biosorption of copper(II) from aqueous solution by Bacillus subtilis cells immobilized into chitosan beads. Trans Nonferrous Met Soc China 23, 1804−1814. DOI:10.1016/S1003-6326(13)62664-3
  • [18] Wan M, Wang C, Chen C; (2013) The Adsorption Study of Copper Removal by Chitosan-Coated Sludge Derived from Water Treatment Plant. Int J Enviro Sci Dev 4(5)
  • [19] Rangel-Mendeza JR, Monroy-Zepedab R, Leyva-Ramosb E, Diaz-Floresa PE, Shirai K; (2009) Chitosan selectivity for removing cadmium (II), copper (II), and lead (II) from aqueous phase: pH and organic matter effect. J Hazard Mater 162, 503–511. DOI: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2008.05.073
  • [20] Kuczajowska-Zadrożna M, Filipkowska U, Jóźwiak T, Szymczyk P; (2015) Biosorption/desorption of cadmium(II)and zinc (II) from aqueous solutions by activated sludge immobilized onto chitosan beads. P C A C D XX, 142–155. DOI: 10.15259/PCACD.20.13
  • [21] Stanley WI, Watters GG, Chan B; (1975) Lactase and other enzymes Bound to chitin with glutaraldehyde. Biotechnol Bioeng XVII, 315–325. DOI: 10.1002/bit.260170303
  • [22] Esposito A, Paganelli F, Lodi A, Solisio C, Veglio F; (2001) Biosorption of heavy metals by Sphaerotilus natans: an equilibrium study at different pH and biomass concentrations. Hydrometallurgy 60, 129–41. DOI:10.1016/S0304-386X(00)00195-X
  • [23] Fomina M, Gadd GM; (2014) Biosorption: current perspectives on concept, definition and application. Bioresour Technol 160, 3–14. DOI: 10.1016/j.biortech.2013.12.102
  • [24] Kuczajowska-Zadrożna M, Filipkowska U; (2015) Kinetics of desorption of heavy metals and their mixtures from immobilized activated sludge. Desalin Water Treat DOI:10.1080/19443994.2015.1031708
  • [25] Njikam E, Schiewer S; (2012) Optimization and kinetic modeling of cadmium desorption from citrus peels: A process for biosorbent regeneration. J Hazard Mat 213– 214, 242– 248. DOI: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2012.01.084
  • [26] Deng PY, Liu W, Zeng BQ, Qiu YK, Li LS; (2013) Sorption of heavy metals from aqueous solution by dehydrated powders of aquatic plants. Int J Environ Sci Technol 10, 559–566. DOI: 10.1007/s13762-013-0186-3
  • [27] Chen YW, Wang JL; (2012). The characteristics and mechanism of Co(II) removal from aqueous solution by a novel xanthate-modified magnetic chitosan. Nucl Eng Des 242, 452–457. DOI:10.1016/j.nucengdes.2011.11.004
  • [28] Wu SJ, Liou TH, Yeh CH, Mi FL, Lin TK; (2013) Preparation and characterization of porous chitosan-tripolyphosphate beads for copper(II) ion adsorption. J Appl Polym Sci 127, 4573–4580. DOI: 10.1002/app.38073
  • [29] Reyhanitabar N, Karimian; (2008) Kinetics of copper desorption of selected calcareous soils from Iran, American-Eurasian J Agric Environ Sci 4 (3), 287–293.
  • [30] Jho EH, Lee SB, Kim YJ, Nam K; (2011) Facilitated desorption and stabilization of sediment-bound Pb and Cd in the presence of birnessite and apatie. J Hazard Mat 188, 206–211.
Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.