Reaction of soybean varieties to natural water extracts in different method of their application
Languages of publication
The subject of the following study is the reaction of six varieties of soybeans (Glycine max L. Merr.): Abelina, Augusta, Merlin, Mavka, Aligaor, Lisabon, on an aqueous decoction of dried Artemisia absinthium L. used as wet seed treatment. The experiment was carried out in a greenhouse belonging to the Experimental Station for Variety Testing in Karzniczka. Two combinations of the extract were used: 24h soaking of seeds in the decoction followed by sowing and soaking in distilled water followed by sowing, but untreated seeds with simultaneous dosing of herbal extract. The control group were seeds not treated with preparations. After sixteen days of the test, the average number of plant growth was determined for each experimental combination. The morphological characteristics of the seedlings: length of shoots and roots as well as fresh and dry mass of shoots and roots were evaluated for ten randomly selected plants from each experimental combination. The results of the greenhouse experiment showed different reaction to the application of the decoction in the form of a seed treatment. Soil application of the extract led to the improvement of soybean growth. Seedlings of all varieties, the seeds of which were treated and sown, developed a longer and stronger root system at the expense of a slight reduction in the length and weight of the shoots. The 24h soaking of seeds in the decoction of Artemisia absinthium caused the deterioration of emergence and the visible inhibition of the growth and development of soybean seedlings. The inhibition of germination and emergence by the tested extract excludes the possibility of agricultural application. Further research is needed to identify the bioactive compounds contained in the used decoction and to assess the real effectiveness of the soil application of the extracts under field conditions.
-  J. Popp, K. Peto, J. Nagy, Pesticide productivity and food security. A review. Agronomy for Sustainable Development 33(1) (2013) 243-255.
-  E. Matyjaszczyk, J. Sobczak, M. Szulc, Is the possibility of replacing seed dressings containing neonicotinoids with other means of protection viable in major Polish agricultural crops? Journal of Plant Protection Research 55(4) (2015) 329-335.
-  P. Lehr, Biopesticides: The Global Market. Report code CHM029B, BCC Research, Wellesley, Massachusetts 2010.
-  V. Soós, E. Sebestyén, A. Juhász, M.E. Light, L. Kohout, G. Szalai, J. Tandori, J. Van Staden, E. Balázs, 2010. Transcriptome analysis of germinating maize kernels exposed to smoke-water and the active compound KAR1. BMC Plant Biol. 10 (2010) 236.
-  P. Salachna, A. Byczyńska, I. Jeziorska, E. Udycz, Plant growth of Verbena bonariensis L. after chitosan, gellan gum or iota-carrageenan foliar applications. World Scientific News 62 (2017) 111-123.
-  A. Jamiołkowska, B. Hetman, The mechanism of action of biological preparations used in plant protection against pathogens. Annales UMCS Section E Agricultura 71(1) (2016) 13-29.
-  Institute of Plant Protection National Research Institute, A list of pesticides qualified for use in organic farming. https://www.ior.poznan.pl/19,wykaz-sor-w-rolnictwie-ekologicznym.html?tresc=42, access 01.03.2018.
-  B. Sas-Piotrowska, W. Piotrowski, Vitality and healthiness of cereal grains treated with plant decoctions. Annual Set The Environment Protection 13 (2011) 571-596.
-  K. Kolasińska, The effects of natural methods of seed treatment on germination capacity and vigour of spring cereals produced in organic seed crop. Biul. IHAR 247 (2008) 15-30.
-  M.V. Bhaskara Reddy, J. Arul, P. Angers, L. Counture, Chitosan treatment of wheat seeds induces resistance to Fusarium graminearum and improves seed quality. J. Agric. Food Chem. 47 (3) (1999) 1208–1216.
-  G. J. Chirchil, Seed quality of soybean Glycine max L. Merrill genotypes under varying storage and priming methods, mother plant nutrient profiles and agro-ecologies in Kenya. PhD thesis (2015) http://ir-library.ku.ac.ke/bitstream/handle/123456789/14342/Seed%20quality%20of%20soybean%20glycine%20max....pdf?sequence=3&isAllowed=n, access 01.03.2018.
-  D.R. Batish, N. Setia, H.P. Singh, P.K. Kohli, Phytotoxicity of lemon-scented oil and its potential use as a bioherbicide. Crop Protection 23 (2004) 1209-1214.
-  J.M. Van der Wolf, Y. Birnbaum, P.S. Van der Zouwen, S.P.C.Groot, Disinfection of vegetable seed by treatment with essential oils, organic acids and plant extracts. Seed Science and Technology 36 (2008) 76-88.
-  A. Orzeszko-Rywka, M. Rochalska, Preliminary assessment of efficiency of some ecological methods of sugar beet seed dressing. Journal of Research and Applications in Agricultural Engineering 52(4) (2007) 10-13.
-  O.F.A Ibiam, C.I. Umechuruba, A.E. Arinze, Evaluation of the efficacy of seed dressing fungicides (Bavistin, Benlate, Fernasan-D, Apron Plus 50 DS, and DithaneM45) in the control of seed-borne fungi of rice (Oryzae sativa L.) variety Faro 15 in vitro. Sciencia Africana 5 (1) (2006) 1-10.
-  A. Synowiec, A. Nowicka- Poleć, 2016. Effect of aqueous extracts of selected medicinal plants on germination of windgrass (Apera spica-venti L. P. Beauv.) and lambsquarters (Chenopodium album L.) seeds. Acta Agrobotanica 69(3) (2016) 1668.
-  M. Dikić, Allelopathic effect of the extract of aromatic and medicinal plants on germination of weed seeds. In: Proceedings of the 11th European Weed Research Society Symposium (1999 Jun 28 – Jul 1) Basel Switzerland. Warwick: European Weed Research Society (1999) 75.
-  E. Czerwińska, A. Szparaga, T. Piskier, E. Deszcz, Assessment of the potential for the improvement in germination capacity of leguminous plants by means of plant extracts. Journal of Research and Applications in Agricultural Engineering 61(3) (2016) 62-66
-  B.S. Kil, K.W. Yun, Allelopathic effects of water extracts of Artemisia princeps var.orientalis on selected plant species. Journal of Chemical Ecology 18(1) (1992) 39-51.
-  J. Nikan, A. Dehghanpour, In vitro growth inhibition of Fusarium solani, the causal agent of potato dry rot by Wormwood (Artemisia absinthium) extract. Journal of plant and pest science 2(1) (2015) 1-7.
-  M. Salman, N. Salameh, S. Abu-Romman. Germination and seedling growth of barley as affected by Artemisia annua water extract. Plant Omics Journal 10(1) (2017) 1-6.
-  J. Lynch 1995. Root Architecture and Plant Productivity. Plant Physiol. 109 (1995) 7-13.
-  B. Borawska-Jarmułowicz, G. Mastalerczuk, D. Gozdowski, E. Małuszyńska, A. Szydłowska, The sensitivity of Lolium perenne and Poa pratensis to salinity and drought during the seed germination and under different photoperiod conditions. Zemdirbyste-Agriculture 104 (1) (2017) 71–78.
-  C.A. Jaleel, P. Manivannan, A.Wahid, M. Farooq, H.J. Al-Juburi, R. Somasundaram R. Panneerselvam, Drought stress in plants: a review on morphological characteristics and pigments composition. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology 11(2009) 100–105.
-  H.H. Zahran, Rhizobium-legume symbiosis and nitrogen fixation under severe conditions and in an arid climate. Microbiol. Mol. Biol. Rev. 63 (4) (2013) 968-989.
-  D. Egamberdieva, Alleviation of salt stress by plant growth regulators and IAA producing bacteria in wheat. Acta Physiol Plant 31 (2009) 861–864.
-  S. Mayak, T. Tirosh, B.R. Glick, Plant growth-promoting bacteria that confer resistance to water stress in tomatoes and peppers. Plant Sci. 166 (2004) 525–530.
Publication order reference