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2017 | 17 | 3 | 208–215
Article title

Pregabalina w dawkach 300 mg/dobę i wyższych – bilans korzyści i ryzyka

Content
Title variants
EN
Pregabalin at doses of 300 mg/day and higher – benefit and risk balance
Languages of publication
PL
Abstracts
EN
The paper gives a broad review of studies on the use of pregabalin, mainly its potential in the therapy of anxiety disorders, with particular emphasis on generalized anxiety, while also briefly discussing its other possible applications. Pregabalin is a ligand for voltage-gated alpha-2-delta calcium channel subunits localised at presynaptic terminal regions in brain and spinal cord neurons. Multiple studies have demonstrated its higher efficiency over placebo in treating generalized anxiety disorder, including anxiety with aggravated depression symptoms. Different pregabalin doses, ranging from 150 to 600 mg/day, have been assessed, showing lower doses (starting from 150 mg/day) to be effective in treating the psychological symptoms of anxiety. Effective treatment of somatic symptoms, on the other hand, requires more aggressive dosing (doses of 300 mg/day and more). Pregabalin tends to be well tolerated, with the most commonly cited adverse effects including dizziness, drowsiness and confusion. There have also been reports of withdrawal symptoms following abrupt or rapid dose reduction. According to some authors, pregabalin can cause physical dependency, yet the risk for potential abuse seems to be present mainly in the group of patients with a history of psychoactive substance abuse.
PL
W artykule przedstawiono obszerny przegląd badań dotyczących stosowania pregabaliny, głównie w terapii zaburzeń lękowych, ze szczególnym uwzględnieniem zespołu lęku uogólnionego. Zostały również krótko wspomniane inne możliwe zastosowania tego leku. Pregabalina jest ligandem podjednostki alfa-2-delta napięciowozależnych kanałów wapniowych zlokalizowanych na zakończeniach neuronów w mózgu i rdzeniu kręgowym. Przeprowadzono szereg badań wskazujących na to, że pregabalina to lek istotnie skuteczniejszy od placebo w terapii zespołu lęku uogólnionego, także przebiegającego z wyraźnie nasilonymi objawami depresji. Oceniano różne dawki pregabaliny – od 150 do 600 mg/dobę. Niższe dawki (od 150 mg/dobę) są skuteczne w zwalczaniu psychicznych objawów lęku, jednak leczenie objawów somatycznych wymaga przeważnie stosowania dawek wyższych (300 i więcej mg/dobę). Pregabalina jest lekiem z reguły dobrze tolerowanym. Do najczęściej wymienianych objawów niepożądanych zalicza się zawroty głowy, senność i uczucie oszołomienia. Donoszono też o występowaniu objawów odstawiennych przy zbyt gwałtownym zmniejszaniu dawki leku. Niektórzy autorzy zwracają uwagę na potencjał uzależniający pregabaliny, jednak wydaje się, że ryzyko nadużywania leku istnieje przede wszystkim w szczególnej podgrupie osób, które w przeszłości nadużywały substancji psychoaktywnych.
Discipline
Publisher

Year
Volume
17
Issue
3
Pages
208–215
Physical description
Contributors
  • II Klinika Psychiatryczna, Oddział Chorób Afektywnych, Instytut Psychiatrii i Neurologii, Warszawa, Polska, aantosik@ipin.edu.pl
  • II Klinika Psychiatryczna, Oddział Chorób Afektywnych, Instytut Psychiatrii i Neurologii, Warszawa, Polska
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Document Type
article
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.psjd-c2c4e156-6efc-4185-a84f-69d33d55b81e
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