PL EN


Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
2016 | 28 | 57-71
Article title

The relationship of psychological hardiness with irrational beliefs, emotional intelligence and work holism

Content
Title variants
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
The present research intends to investigate the relationship of psychological hardiness with irrational beliefs, emotional intelligence and work holism among high school teachers. The sample includes 100 male and female high school teachers working in schools in Ghorveh city (In IRAN) in the academic year 2012-2013. To collect data, Kobassa Psychological Hardiness Questionnaire, Jones Irrational Belief Questionnaire which includes 100 questions, Bar-on questionnaire contains 90 questions about emotional intelligence and Aghabeigi Workaholics Questionnaire was used. To analyze the data, descriptive statistics (frequency, percentage, mean and standard deviation) and inferential statistics (t-test and regression analysis) were used. The findings indicated that there is a negative and significant relationship between psychological hardiness with irrational beliefs and work holism. There is also a positive relationship between the psychological hardiness and emotional intelligence. Furthermore, there is a significant negative relationship between emotional intelligence with irrational beliefs and work holism. Finally, the results suggest that there is significant difference between the psychological hardiness, irrational beliefs and work holism of the male and female; and no significant difference between the emotional intelligence of the men and women sampled.
Year
Volume
28
Pages
57-71
Physical description
Contributors
  • Department of Psychology, Payame Noor University, PO BOX 19395 - 3697, Tehran, Iran
author
  • assistant in prevention of crime at the court of justice in Kurdistan, Iran
author
  • Department of psychology, Kurdestan Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Sanandaj, Iran
References
  • [1] Agha Beigi, L. (2007). Construction and customizing the work holism questionnaire for Tehran university masters. MA degree thesis. Psychological department of Allame Tabatabai University.
  • [2] Ahadi, M., Karbakhsh, M., BaniJamali, Sh. S., & Hakimi Rad, E. (2008). Anexamination of the rate of hardiness among clinical specialized assistances. Journal of Psychological Studies, 4(4): 95-112.
  • [3] Ahmadi, P., Tahmasbi, R., Baba Shahi, J., & Fatahi, M. (2010). The role of personal factors in work holism formation. Transformation management research, 3: 46-67.
  • [4] Asgari M. (2002). The relationship of hardiness and involvement with the addicting preparation. The MA thesis. The Psychological department of Allameh Tabatabai University.
  • [5] Bandura, A. (1997). Self- Efficacy: The exercise of control, New York: Freeman.
  • [6] Bar-on, R. (1997). A Measure of Emotional and Social Intelligence in Chicago. Canadian Journal of Behavioral Science, Vol. 18, pp. 123-137.
  • [7] Bar-on, R. (2000). The Handbook of Emotional Intelligence; To Ssey-Bass, While Company, San Francisco
  • [8] Besharat, M. A. (2007). Hardiness and Coping with Stress. Journal of Psychological Studies, 3(2): 109-129.
  • [9] Bridges, R. K., & Sander man, R. (2002). The Irrational beliefs inventory: cross cultural comparisons between American and Dutch samples. Journal of rational- emotive cognitive therapy. ERIC.
  • [10] Brooks, M. V. (2003). Health-related hardiness and chronic illness. Nursing Forum, 38: 11-20.
  • [11] Buelens, M., & Poelmans, S.A.Y. (2004). “Enriching the Spence and Robbins’ typo- logy of work holism: Demographic, motivational and organizational correlates”, Organizational Change Management, 457-470.
  • [12] Dehshiri, G. (2006). The Relationship between Emotional Intelligence with Academic Achievement of Students. Counseling Researchs and Recents, Vol. 5, No. 18, pp. 97-106.
  • [13] Ellis, A., Harper, R. (1973). "Sensible life" (Translated by Firozbakht). Tehran: Roshed publication.
  • [14] Fergus, S., & Zemmerman, M. A. (2005). Adolescent resilience: A framework for understanding healthy development in the face of risk. Proquest health and medical complete.
  • [15] Finlay-Jones, R., Brown, G. W. (1981). Types of stressful events and the onset of anxiety and depressive disorders. Psychological Medicine, 11: 803-15.
  • [16] Florian, V., Mikulincer, M., Taubman O. (1995). Does hardiness contribute to mental health during a stressful real-life situation? The roles of appraisal and coping. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 68: 687-695.
  • [17] Ghorbani, N. (1995). Existential structure of personality hardiness. Journal of Psychological Research, 3(4): 76-92.
  • [18] Goleman, D. (1995). Emotional Intelligences: The Theory in Practice; New York: Basic Book.
  • [19] Hassan zadeh, R, (2007). The motivation and excitement. Tehran: Arasbaran Publication.
  • [20] Hassanvand, B., Khaledian, M. (2012). The Relationship of Emotional Intelligence with Self-esteem and Academic Progress. International Journal of Psychology and Behavioral Sciences, 2(6): 231-236.
  • [21] Issacson, B. (2002). Characteristics and enhancement of resiliency in young people. Research (MSc thesis), University of Wisconsin State.
  • [22] Izkian, Sare Shaban. (2001). Acomparison ofviolence and hardiness. MA thesis General Psychology, Tarbiat Moalem University.
  • [23] Jomhari, F. (2002). Relationship Hardiness and tendency to anxiety and depression among male and female students of Tehran universities. PHD thesis. The Psychological department of Allame Tabatabai University
  • [24] Jones, R. G. (1968). A J measure of Ellis “irrational belief system’’, with personality and maladjustment correlates. Dissertation Abstracts international, 29, 43 79 B-4380 B. (university microfilms. NO 696443).
  • [25] Kaokebisiyoki, F., Aminyazdi, S., Yousefi, A., Modaresh Ghorori, M. (2010). Efficiency of group treatment especially rational – emotive – behavioral treatment on anxiety of infertile (sterile) women who were under IVF treatment: contemporary psychology Quarterly Extra Version, (Extra version) 5: 652-656. www.sid.ir.
  • [26] Kaveh, K., & Yazdi, S. M. (2007). The relationship between emotional intelligence and psychological hardiness comparison of male and female students working in universities in Tehran. Journal of Innovative Education. 3(1,2): 35-50.
  • [27] Khaledian, M. (2013). The relationship between attachment lifestyles with depression and life expectancy and Emotional Intelligence. Psychology and Social Behavior Research, 1(1): 1-8.
  • [28] Khaledian, M., Saghafi, F., Hassan Pour, S., & Moradian. O. (2013). Investigating the Relationship of Irrational Beliefs with Anxiety in Iranian Collage Students (Case study: Under graduate Collage students of Azad University and Payam Nour University). Journal of Basic and Applied Scientific Research, 3(3): 759-764.
  • [29] King, L. A., King, D.W., Keane, T. M., Faribank, J. F., & Adams, G. A. (1998). Resilience-recovery factors in posttraumatic stress disorder among female and male Vietnam veterans: Hardiness, postwar social support and additional stressful life events. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 74(2): 420-434.
  • [30] Kobasa, S. C., Maddi, S. R., & Kahn, S. (1982). Hardiness and health: A Prospective study. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 42: 168-177.
  • [31] Kobassa, S.C & Maddi, S. R. (1982). Personality and constitution as mediator’s in the stress illness relationship, Journal of health and social behavior, 22(4): 368-378.
  • [32] Kobassa, S.C. (1979). Stressful life events, personality and health, Journal of personality and social psychology, 37: 1-11.
  • [33] Lambert V.A. (2007). Predictors of physical and mental health in hospital nurses within the people’s Republic of China, International nursing review, 54(1), 85-91.
  • [34] Laster, D. (1989). Depression, suicidal preoccupation and rational thinking. J Gen psycho, 116(2): 221-3.
  • [35] Maddi, S. R., & kobassa, S.C. (1994). Deborah M. Hardiness and mental Health. Journal of personality Assessment, 63(2): 265-274.
  • [36] Maddi, S.R., Kobassa, S.C., & Moritaka, (1996). Relationship between hardiness and psychological stress response, Journal of performance studies, 3, 35-40.
  • [37] Majidian, F. (2004). The relationship of the self-efficacy beliefs and hardiness with the directorjob stress. The MA thesis. The Psychological department of Allame Tabatabai University.
  • [38] Mayer, J. D., & Salovey, P. (1997). What is emotion intelligence? In: Salovey P, Sluyter DJ, editors. Emotional development and emotional intelligence: Educational implications. New York: Basic Books, 3-31.
  • [39] Mc Millan, L.H.W., O’Driscoll, M.P., & Burke, R.J. (2003). Workaholism: a review of theory, research, and future directions. In C.L. Cooper & I.T. Robertson (Eds.), International review of industrial and organizational psychology, Vol. 18, pp. 167-189). New York: Wiley.
  • [40] Mohammad Talebi, K. (2008). The relationship between the organizational culture and work holism. The MA thesis. The Psychological department of Shahid Beheshti University.
  • [41] Moradi, F., Bahrami, H., Ahghar, Gh. (2010). Defensive mechanism and irrational beliefs in students. Contemporary Psychology Quarterly (Extra version). 5:704-706. www.sid.ir.
  • [42] Nasiri, A. (2010). The efficiency of hardiness teaching in group manner on the self-efficacy improvement of stressful students. The contemporary psychological seasonal publication, 5(1): 761-763.
  • [43] Oates, W. (1971). Confessions of a workaholic: The Facts about Work Addiction, World Publishing, New York, NY.
  • [44] Piotrowski, C., & Vodanovich, S. (2008). “The workaholism syndrome: an emerging issue in the psychological literature”, Journal of Instructional Psychology, 35(1): 147- 161.
  • [45] Sabri Nazarzadeh, R., & Abdkhodai, M. S. (2010). The relationship between consistency and psychological hard working with conflicting strategies. Contemporary psychological quarterly, 5(1): 490-492.
  • [46] Samari, A.A., & Tahmasbi, F. (2007). The study of emotional intelligence and academic achievement in university students. Quart. J. Fundam. Mental Health, 9: 121-128.
  • [47] Schaufeli, W.B., Bakker, A., Van der Heijden, F., & Prins, J. (2009). “Workaholism, burnout and well-being among junior doctors: the mediating role of role conflict “, Work and Stress, 23(2): 155-172.
  • [48] Scott, K.S., Moore, K.S., & Miceli, M.P. (1997). An exploration of the meaning and consequences of work holism. Human Relations, 50(3): 287-314.
  • [49] Sheppard, J. A., & Kashani, J. H, (1999). The relationship of hardiness, gender and stress to Health autcomes in Adolescents. Journal of personality, 59(4): 747-767.
  • [50] Snir, R., & Harpaz, I. (2006). “The work holism phenomenon: a cross national perspective”, Career Development International, Vol. 11, No 5.
  • [51] Snir, R., & Zohar, D. (2008). Work holism as discretionary time investment at work: An Experience-Sampling Study. Applied Psychology: An International Review, 57(1): 109-127.
  • [52] Spence, J.T., & Robbins, A.S. (1992). Work holism: definition, measurement, and preliminary results. Journal of Personality Assessment, 58 (1): 160-178.
  • [53] Tamanai, F., Reza, M., Fariborz, S.A., & Fatemeh, S. (2010). The relationship of the exciting intelligence, self-imaginator and self-esteem with the academic achievement. Planning Stud. Quart. Higher Educ. 56: 99-113.
Document Type
article
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.psjd-c23ffb85-765f-4e4c-bf74-aa4e8baa9c7c
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.