PL EN


Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
2017 | 20 | 4 | 5-12
Article title

Changes in Aerobic and Anaerobic Performance Capabilities Following Different Interval-Training Programs

Content
Title variants
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
The aim of the study was to compare the effect of an increasing-distance interval-training program and a decreasing-distance interval-training program, matched for total distance, on aerobic and anaerobic performance capabilities. Forty physical education students were randomly assigned to either increasing- or decreasing-distance interval-training group (ITG and DTG), and completed two similar sets of tests before and after six weeks of training. One training program consisted of 100 – 200 – 300 – 400 – 500m running intervals, and the other 500 – 400 – 300 – 200 - 100m. While both training programs led to a significant improvement in 2000m run (ES = 0.02-0.68), the improvement in the DTG was significantly greater than in the ITG (18.3 ± 3.6 vs. 12.2 ± 3.2 %, p< 0.05). In addition, while both training programs led to a significant improvement in 300m run (ES = 0.25-0.73), the improvement in the DTG was significantly greater than in the ITG (21.1 ± 1.8 vs. 15.4 ± 1.1 %, p< 0.05). The findings indicate that beyond the significant positive effects of both training programs, the DTG showed significant superiority over the ITG in improving aerobic and anaerobic performance capabilities. Athletes should acknowledge that, in spite of identical total work, interval-training program might induce different physiological impacts if order of intervals is different.
References
  • Billat, L. V. (2001). Interval training for performance: A scientific and empirical practice. Sports Medicine, 31(1), 13–31. ‏
  • Burgomaster, K. A., Howarth, K. R., Phillips, S. M., Rakobowchuk, M., MacDonald, M. J., McGee, S. L., Gibala, M. J. (2008). Similar metabolic adaptations during exercise after low volume sprint interval and traditional endurance training in humans. The Journal of Physiology, 586(1), 151–160.
  • Foster, C., Farland, C. V., Guidotti, F., Harbin, M., Roberts, B., Schuette, J., … Porcari, J. P. (2015). The effects of high intensity interval training vs steady state training on aerobic and anaerobic capacity. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 14(4), 747–755.
  • Garcia-Hermoso, A., Cerrillo-Urbina, A. J., Herrera-Valenzuela, T., Cristi-Montero, C., Saavedra, J. M., Martinez-Vizcaino, V. (2016). Is high-intensity interval training more effective on improving cardiometabolic risk and aerobic capacity than other forms of exercise in overweight and obese youth? A meta-analysis. Obesity Reviews, 17(6), 531–540.
  • Gibala, M. J., Little, J. P., Van Essen, M., Wilkin, G. P., Burgomaster, K. A., Safdar, A., … Tarnopolsky, M. A. (2006). Short-term sprint interval versus traditional endurance training: Similar initial adaptations in human skeletal muscle and exercise performance. The Journal of Physiology, 575(3), 901–911.
  • Gillen, J. B., Gibala, M. J. (2014). Is high-intensity interval training a time-efficient exercise strategy to improve health and fitness? Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, 39(3), 409–412.
  • Gist, N. H., Fedewa, M. V., Dishman, R. K., Cureton, K. J. (2014). Sprint interval training effects on aerobic capacity: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Sports Medicine, 44(2), 269–279. ‏
  • Harmer, A. R., McKenna, M. J., Sutton, J. R., Snow, R. J., Ruell, P. A., Booth, J., Carey, M. F. (2000). Skeletal muscle metabolic and ionic adaptations during intense exercise following sprint training in humans. Journal of Applied Physiology, 89(5), 1793–1803.
  • Hazell, T. J., MacPherson, R. E., Gravelle, B. M., Lemon, P. W. (2010). 10 or 30-s sprint interval training bouts enhance both aerobic and anaerobic performance. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 110(1), 153–160.
  • Helgerud, J., Hoydal, K., Wang, E., Karlsen, T., Berg, P., Bjerkaas, M., Hoff, J. (2007). Aerobic high-intensity intervals improve VO~ 2~ m~ a~ x more than moderate training. Medicine &amp; Science in Sports &amp; Exercise, 39(4), 665–671.
  • Laursen, P. B., Blanchard, M. A., Jenkins, D. G. (2002). Acute high-intensity interval training improves Tvent and peak power output in highly trained males. Canadian Journal of Applied Physiology, 27(4), 336–348. ‏
  • Laursen, P. B., Jenkins, D. G. (2002). The scientific basis for high-intensity interval training. Sports Medicine, 32(1), 53–73.
  • Lindsay, F. H., Hawley, J. A., Myburgh, K. H., Schomer, H. H., Noakes, T. D., Dennis, S. C. (1996). Improved athletic performance in highly trained cyclists after interval training. Medicine &amp; Science in Sports &amp; Exercise, 28(11), 1427–1434.
  • MacDougall, J. D., Hicks, A. L., MacDonald, J. R., McKelvie, R. S., Green, H. J., Smith, K. M. (1998). Muscle performance and enzymatic adaptations to sprint interval training. Journal of Applied Physiology, 84(6), 2138–2142.
  • Meckel, Y., Gefen, Y., Nemet, D., Eliakim, A. (2012). Influence of short vs. long repetition sprint training on selected fitness components in young soccer players. The Journal of Strength &amp; Conditioning Research, 26(7), 1845–1851.
  • Meckel, Y., Nemet, D., Bar-Sela, S., Radom-Aizik, S., Cooper, D. M., Sagiv, M., Eliakim, A. (2011). Hormonal and inflammatory responses to different types of sprint interval training. The Journal of Strength &amp; Conditioning Research, 25(8), 2161–2169.
  • Meckel, Y., Grodjinovsky, A., Ben-Sira, D., Rotstein, A., Sagiv, M. (1997). Cardiovascular and metabolic responses to two different sprint training. International Journal of Sports Cardiology, 6, 9–14.
  • Milanović, Z., Sporiš, G., &amp; Weston, M. (2015). Effectiveness of high-intensity interval training (HIT) and continuous endurance training for VO2max improvements: A systematic review and meta-analysis of controlled trials. Sports Medicine, 45(10), 1469–1481.
  • Rakobowchuk, M., Tanguay, S., Burgomaster, K. A., Howarth, K. R., Gibala, M. J., MacDonald, M. J. (2008). Sprint interval and traditional endurance training induce similar improvements in peripheral arterial stiffness and flow-mediated dilation in healthy humans. American Journal of Physiology-Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology, 295(1), R236–R242.
  • Rodas, G., Ventura, J. L., Cadefau, J. A., Cussó, R., Parra, J. (2000). A short training programme for the rapid improvement of both aerobic and anaerobic metabolism. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 82(5–6), 480–486.
  • Sindiani, M., Eliakim, A., Segev, D., Meckel, Y. (2017). The effect of two different interval-training programmes on physiological and performance indices. European Journal of Sport Science, 1-8.
  • Sloth, M., Sloth, D., Overgaard, K., Dalgas, U. (2013). Effects of sprint interval training on VO2max and aerobic exercise performance: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine &amp; Science in Sports, 23(6), e341–e352.
  • Spriet, L. L. (1995). Anaerobic metabolism during high-intensity exercise. In M. Hargreaves (Ed.), Exercise metabolism (pp. 1–40). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics. ‏
  • Stepto, N. K., Hawley, J. A., Dennis, S. C., Hopkins, W. G. (1999). Effects of different interval-training programs on cycling time-trial performance. Medicine &amp; Science in Sports &amp; Exercise, 31, 736–741.
  • Weston, M., Taylor, K. L., Batterham, A. M., Hopkins, W. G. (2014). Effects of low-volume high-intensity interval training (HIT) on fitness in adults: A meta-analysis of controlled and non-controlled trials. Sports Medicine, 44(7), 1005–1017.
  • Weston, A. R., Myburgh, K. H., Lindsay, F. H., Dennis, S. C., Noakes, T. D., Hawley, J. A. (1996). Skeletal muscle buffering capacity and endurance performance after high-intensity interval training by well-trained cyclists. European Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology, 75(1), 7–13.
Document Type
article
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.psjd-bd98555f-6635-4da9-bcd1-031d72ead807
Identifiers
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.