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2019 | 22 | 102-109
Article title

Hydraulic Properties of Soils of Akani Esuk Orok in Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria

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EN
Abstracts
EN
The study highlights the hydraulic properties of Akani Esuk Orok in Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria. Twenty soil samples were collected from Akani Esuk in Calabar on a grid measuring 6 m X 6 m at a distance of 2 m apart to determine the hydraulic conductivity and to assess its influence on bulk density, particle density, total porosity and texture. The mean value of hydraulic conductivity was 14. 91cmhr-1, bulk density1.3 g cm-3, particle density 2.5 g cm-3, total porosity 47.6 %, sand content 80.1 %, silt content 8.4 % and clay content 11.5 %. The texture of the experimental plot was loamy sand. The mean values of pH were 5.4; effective cation exchange capacity (ECEC) was 63.9 cmol kg-1.These values, which are rated medium for the soils are probably responsible for the luxuriant growth of several crops cultivated in the area. The mean base saturation of the soils was 58.3 %. The potassium level of the study area was low, a mean value of 0.11 2 mg kg-1. Though the soils were strongly acidic in reaction and the fertility status was considered low, medium and high taking consideration values of organic carbon, total nitrogen, ECEC and base saturation. Hence, the fertility should be maintained by planting Calopogonium municoides, Centrosema pubescens and adoption of appropriate cultural practices.
Year
Volume
22
Pages
102-109
Physical description
Contributors
author
  • Department of Soil Science, University of Calabar, P.M.B. 1115, Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria
author
  • Department of Soil Science, University of Calabar, P.M.B. 1115, Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria
author
  • Department of Soil Science, University of Calabar, P.M.B. 1115, Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria
author
  • Department of Soil Science, University of Calabar, P.M.B. 1115, Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria
References
  • [1] Amalu, U. C. and N. R. B Antigha (2000). Physical properties and moisture retention characteristics of some coastal plain sands in Calabar, South East Nigeria. Global Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences Vol. 6 No. 2, 207-213.
  • [2] Jain, P., Powell J. & Town Send, TG. Estimating the Hydraulic conductivity of Land filled Municipal Solid waste using Bore hole parameter Test. Journal of Environmental Engineering 2006; 132, 545-562
  • [3] Rosenberg, M. The hydraulic circle. Soil Science Society of America Journal 2003; 64: 456-459
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  • [6] Wosten, JHM, Pachepsky, YA & Rawls, WJ., Pedotransfer functions: bringing the gap between available basic soil hydraulic caharacteristics. Journal of Hydrology, 2001; 251(3-4): 123-150.
  • [7] Bates, RG. Determination of pH theory and practice, Wiley & Sons, 1973
  • [8] Myers, RJ. One – Hundred years of pH . Journal of Chemical Education 2010; 87: 30-32
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  • [10] Akpan–Idiok, AU. Physicochemical Properties, Degradation Rate and Vulnerability Potential of soils formed on Coastal plain sands in Southeast, Nigeria. International Journal of Agricultural Research, 2012; 7:358-366
  • [11] Oguike, PC & Mbagwu, JSC. Variations in some physical properties and organic matter content of soils of coastal plain sand under different land use types. World Journal of Agricultural Science, 2009; 5: 63-69
Document Type
article
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YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.psjd-bcc3731a-f584-4dc0-9ed7-58f3ba7dc0bf
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