PL EN


Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
2017 | 89 | 208-224
Article title

Are sins of past generations inherited? Theoretical reflections on concepts of collective guilt and collective responsibility along with the analysis of their influence on today’s Germany decision-making

Content
Title variants
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
The author of this paper tries to answer the question whether sins, wrongdoings and injustice done by past generations are inherited. The article presents theoretical reflections on the concepts of individuality and collectivity and their relationships; the themes of collective quilt and collective responsibility and the difference between them and the role and importance of collective memory, not only in context of heroic acts but also in the context of shameful past and misdeeds. The scientific theory is compared with empirical research results on today’s Germany decision-making policy in relation to Second World War tragedy. The presented theoretical background and analyzed material gives base to draw conclusions and answer the hypothesis set at the very beginning.
Year
Volume
89
Pages
208-224
Physical description
References
  • [1] S. Conrad, Entangled Memories: Versions of the Past in Germany and Japan 1945–2001, Journal of Contemporary History, Vol. 38, No. 1 (2003), pp. 85-99.
  • [2] D. M. Mackie, L. A. Silver, E. R. Smith, Intergroup emotions: Emotion as an intergroup phenomenon, European Journal of Social Psychology, Vol. 42, No. 1 (2012), pp. 729-742.
  • [3] A. Funkenstein, Collective Memory and Historical Consciousness, History and Memory, Vol. 1, No. 1 (1989), pp. 5-26.
  • [4] W. Kansteiner, Finding meaning in memory: a methodological critique of collective memory Studies, History and Theory, Vol. 41, No. 2. (2002), pp. 179-197.
  • [5] E. R. Smith, C. R. Seger, D. M. Mackie, Can Emotions Be Truly Group Level? Evidence Regarding Four Conceptual Criteria, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol. 93, No. 3 (2007), pp. 431-446.
  • [6] B. Doosje, N. R. Branscombe, R. Spears, A. S. R. Manstead, Guilty by Association: When One’s Group Has a Negative History, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol. 75, No. 4 (1998), pp. 872-886.
  • [7] E. Zerubavel, Social Memories: Steps to a Sociology of the Past, Qualitative Sociology, Vol. 19, No. 3 (1996), pp. 283-299.
  • [8] H. Schuman, J. Scott, Generations and collective memories, American Sociological Review, Vol. 54, No. 3 (1989), pp. 359-381.
  • [9] R. Brown, R. Gonzalez, H. Zagefka, J. Manzi, S. Cehajic, Nuestra culpa: Collective guilt and shame as predictors of reparation for historical wrongdoing, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol. 94, No. 1 (2008), pp. 75-90.
  • [10] S. Cehajic-Clancy, D. A. Effron, E. Halperin, V. Liberman, L. D. Ross, Affirmation, acknowledgment of in-group responsibility, group-based guilt, and support for reparative measures, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol. 101, No. 2 (2011), pp. 256-270.
  • [11] J. Jetten, M. J. A. Wohl, The past as a determinant of the present: Historical continuity, collective angst, and opposition to immigration, European Journal of Social Psychology, Vol. 42, No 4 (2012), pp. 442-450.
  • [12] C. McGarty, A. Pedersen, C. W. Leach, T. Mansell, J. Waller, A. M. Bliuc, Group-based guilt as a predictor of commitment to apology, British Journal of Social Psychology, Vol. 44, No. 4 (2005), pp. 659-680.
  • [13] A. Pedersen, J. Beven, I. Walker, B. Griffiths, Attitudes toward Indigenous Australians: The role of empathy and guilt, Journal of Community and Applied Social Psychology, Vol. 14, No. 4 (2004), pp. 233-249.
  • [14] F. Sani, M. Bowe, M. Herrera, Perceived collective continuity and social well-being: Exploring the connections, European Journal of Social Psychology, Vol. 38, No. 2 (2008), pp. 365-374.
  • [15] M. Gilbert, Collective Guilt and Collective Guilt Feelings, The Journal of Ethics, Vol. 6, No 2(2002), pp. 115-143.
  • [16] J. Narveson, Collective Responsibility, Journal of Ethics, Vol. 6, No. 2 (2002), pp. 179-198.
  • [17] J. K. Olick, The Guilt of Nations?, Ethics & International Affairs, Vol. 17, No. 2 (2003), pp. 109-117.
  • [18] J. Habermas, Grenzen des Neohistorismus, interview with J. M. Ferry, [in: ] J. Habermas, Die Nachholende Revolution: Kleine Politische Schriften, Vol. 7 (1990), pp. 149–56.
  • [19] M. Halbwachs, On Collective Memory, Chicago, 1992, p. 38.
  • [20] P. Ricoeur, Memory, History, Forgetting, Chicago, 2006, pp. 93-133.
  • [21] J. K. Olick, The Politics of Regret: On Collective Memory and Historical Responsibility, New York, 2007, pp. 38-47.
  • [22] J. K. Olick, A J. Perrin, Guilt and Defense, Harvard University Press, 2010, pp. 24-25.
  • [23] J. Assmann, Communicative and Cultural Memory [in:] A Companion to Cultural Memory Studies, Berlin, 2010, pp. 110-111.
  • [24] P. Ricoeur, Memory and Forgetting [in:] Questioning Ethics: Contemporary Debates in Philosophy, New York, 1999, p. 7.
  • [25] W. D. Hall, Paul Ricoeur and the Poetic Imperative, Albany, 2007, pp. 92-94.
  • [26] T. Isaacs, R. Vernon, Accountability for Collective Wrongdoing, Cambridge University Press, 2011, pp. 196-199.
  • [27] G. Schwan, Politics and Guilt: The Destructive Power of Silence, Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press, 1997, pp. 7-8.
  • [28] C. G. Jung, Civilization in Transition [in:] Collected Works of C. G. Jung, Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1964, pp. 368-373
  • [29] O. Bartov, Germany's War And The Holocaust, Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2003, pp. 234-235.
Document Type
article
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.psjd-bc77ccff-d1e3-435e-9cb6-9e122ae0c8aa
Identifiers
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.