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The Impacts of Irrigation System on Agriculture: A Study Based on Porativupattu ds Division

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Irrigation is the artificial application of water to the land or soil. It is used to assist in the growing of agricultural crops, maintenance of landscapes, and re-vegetation of disturbed soils in dry areas and during periods of inadequate rainfall. Paddy production is the main agriculture of this area, has good climate, well irrigation and soil structure for paddy production. Both temperature and rainfall are the main climatic factors that affected the paddy cultivation. The main objective of the study is to find out the agricultural activities especially paddy cultivation. The sampling method has been used to collect the primary data through the questionnaire survey from 100 households and secondary data has been gathered form District Secretariat, Irrigation Report, and published research reports. MS Excel was utilized for the study to examine the changes of paddy production and other agriculture due to the irrigation water. As the result, paddy production was very high in the Maha season but it was low in Yala season because of the less rainfall and irrigation process. In addition, the highland crops were cultivated around 396 hectare in this area. Whatever, when compere with vegetable production, this was very low and the vegetable production was very high. Thus, these area people cultivate different kind of crops for their economy but have the less production. Therefore, the improvement of irrigation and other water body help to make much production can be produced more in highland crops cultivation. Proper management and better agricultural practices cause to the high production in future.
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  • Department of Geography, Eastern University, Vantharumoolai, Chenkalady, Sri Lanka
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