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2016 | 44 | 206-223
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Biocontrol of Timber Decaying Fungi by Botanical Pesticides an Ecofreindly Technology

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Timber is one of the longest-used building materials for various types of structures, and has been used in the construction of both historical and modern structures. Timer decay is caused by primarily enzymatic activities of microorganisms. The eco-friendly management of timber degrading fungi is tried by using plant extracts, oils and gels. In most of the fungi 25% methanolic extract was more effective than 5 and 10% concentrations. Lenzites sterioides was completely inhibited by 5% leaf extract of P. Juliflora and 10% leaf extracts of Prosopis, Cymbopogon and Datura at 25% concentration. Oils and gels of Cymbopogon citrates, Anacardium occidentale L., Gossypium barbadensis L., Linum usitatissimum L., Aloe vera L., and Aloe ferox Mill. were used to control the timber degrading fungi. Out of four oils cashew nut shell oil was most effective followed by cotton seed oil. Of the two Aloe gels tried the A. ferox gel showed better results than A. vera. For the first time the biocontrol of L. sterioides T. pini and S. commune, by botanical pesticides was reported. For the first time the biocontrol of L. sterioides T. pini S. commune, G. lucidum, and S. hirsutum by Oils and gels was reported.
Physical description
  • P.G. Department of Botany, Andhra Loyola College, Vijayawada -520008, Andhra Pradesh, India
  • Department of Botany, Faculty of Science, The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, Vadodara – 390002, Gujarat, India
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