Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
2021 | 34 | 154-164
Article title

A Study on Cultivation of Indigenous Mushrooms in South Eastern Nigeria

Title variants
Languages of publication
Studies were carried out to investigate cultivation of some indigenous edible mushrooms in Anambra State. The most suitable substrates for cultivation of Pleurotus tuberregium and Volvariella volvacea were also investigated. Spawn of V. volvacea was obtained from the Department of Life Science, University of Benin, Edo State and sclerotia of P. Tuberregium purchased from Eke Awka Market, Anambra State were used for this study. Plantain leaves and oil palm bunch wastes were substrates employed for V. volvacea whereas topsoil was used for P. tuberregium cultivation. The methods used were site preparation, substrate preparation, soil preparation, sclerotia preparation, cultivation of sclerotia, irrigation, spawn cultivation and harvesting of mushrooms. Means were analyzed statistically using (ANOVA) to test for significance. Means were separated using Duncan’s Multiple Range Tests (DMRT).The highest number of fruit bodies of V. volvacea, 312.68 was obtained from plantain leaves on day 2 after primordial emergence whereas the least, 21.00 was recorded from oil palm bunch wastes on days 6 and 14, respectively. The highest number of P. tuberregium, 61.58 was recorded on day 12 after primordial emergence while the least, 20.49 was recorded on days 7, 13 and 14, respectively. All the three substrates utilized for cultivation of mushrooms in this study supported their growth and development. Plantain leaves supported fast colonization and produced high yield fruit bodies of V. volvacea. The ability to use agricultural wastes for cultivation of mushrooms will boost food production for ever increasing population.
Physical description
  • Department of Botany Faculty of Bioscience, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, P.M.B. 5025, Awka, Anambra State, Nigeria
  • Department of Botany Faculty of Bioscience, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, P.M.B. 5025, Awka, Anambra State, Nigeria
  • Department of Botany Faculty of Bioscience, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, P.M.B. 5025, Awka, Anambra State, Nigeria
  • Department of Science Laboratory Technology, Anambra State Polytechnic, P.M.B. 002, Mgbakwu, Anambra State, Nigeria
  • Department of Science Laboratory Technology, Anambra State Polytechnic, P.M.B. 002, Mgbakwu, Anambra State, Nigeria
  • [1] Abele, S.A. and Stanley, H.O., Cultivation of oyster mushroom (Pleurotus tuberregium) on supplemented corncob with rice bran substrates. Indian Journal of Innovations Dev. 1(1) (2012) 26-28
  • [2] F., Fasidi, I.O. and Adenipekun, O., Cultivation and fruit body production of Lentinus squarrosulus Mont. (Singer) on bark and leaves of fruit trees supplemented with agricultural waste. African Journal of Biotechnology 10(22) (2011) 4608-4611
  • [3] Afieroho O.E., Lawson L., Olutayo M.A., and Emenyon, N., Anti-tuberculosis and phytochemical investigation of the dichloromethane extract of Pleurotus tuberregium (Fr.) Singer Sclerotium. International Research Journal of Pharmacy, 4 (1) (2013) 255-257
  • [4] Akinyele, B.J. and Adetunyi, F.C., Effects of agrowastes, pH and temperature variation on the growth of Volvariella volvacea. African Journal of Biotechnology, 4(12) (2005) 1390-1395
  • [5] Belewu, M.A. and Belewu, K.Y., Cultivation of mushroom (Volvariella volvacea) on banana leaves. African Journal of Biotechnology, 4(12) (2005) 1401-1403
  • [6] Chang, S.T. and Miles, P.G., Mushroom Production. Journal of Biotechnology, 2 (1992) 1-20
  • [7] Chiejina, N.V. and Olufokunbi, J.O., Effects of different substrates on the yield and protein content of Pleurotus tuberregium. African Journal of Biotechnology, 9(11) (2010) 1573-1577
  • [8] Farid, M.T., Hero M.I., and Nareen Q.F.A., Survey and Identification of Mushrooms in Erbil Governorate. Research Journal of Environmental and Earth Sciences, 5(5) (2013) 262-266
  • [9] Gurudevan T., Subbiah, K., Karpannan, M., Velappa, P., and Sakthivel, K., Improved Techniques to enhance the yield of paddy straw mushroom (Volvariella volvacea) for commercial cultivation. African Journal of Biotechnology, 11(64) (2012) 12740-12748
  • [10] Isikhuemhen, O.S, Okhuoya, J.A, Ogboe, E.M., and Akpaja, E., Effect of substrate supplementation with nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium (NPK) fertilizer on sporophore yield in Pleurotus tuberregium. Mycological Neotropical Aplicada, 12 (1999) 9-21
  • [11] Isola, O.F. and Usukama, U.E., Studies on Pleurotus tuberregium (Fr.) Sing: cultivation, proximate composition and mineral contents of sclerotia. Journal of Food Chemistry, 48 (1993) 255-258
  • [12] Markson, Aniedi-Abasi, A., Madunagu, Bene, Bassey and Glory, Assessment of Growth Support Potentials and Different Substrates for the Cultivation of Volvariella volvaceae. Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare, 2 (3) (2012) 52-59
  • [13] Obire, O., Okigbo, R.N., and Minimah, T.R., Mycoflora of fresh shrimps (Penaeus aztecus) from different Markets in Port Harcourt, Nigeria. African Journal of Food Science, 7(8) (2013) 204-209
  • [14] Oghenekaro, A.O., Akpaja, E.O., and Samuel, J.O., Effect of illumination and sclerotia on the growth and development of Pleurotus tuberregium (Fries) Singer. Continental Journal of Food Science and Technology, 4 (2010) 46-52
  • [15] Okhuoya, J.A., Akpaja, E.O., Osemwegie, O.O., Oghenekaro, A.O. and Ihayere, C.A., Nigerian mushrooms: Underutilized Non-wood Forest Resources. Journal of Appl. Sci. Environ. Manage, 14(1) (2010) 43-54
  • [16] Okigbo, R.N. and Nwatu, C.M., Ethnostudy and usage of edible and medicinal mushrooms in some parts of Anambra State, Nigeria. Natural Resources, 6 (2015) 79-89
  • [17] Okigbo, R.N., Fungi associated with peels of post harvest yams (Dioscorea spp) in storage. Global Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences, 9(1) (2003) 19-23
  • [18] Okigbo, R.N., Anuagasi, C.L., and Amadi, J.E., Advances in selected medicinal and aromatic plants indigenous to Africa. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research, 3(2) (2009) 086-095
  • [19] Okigbo, R. and Emoghene, A., Root and butt rot of orange trees in South Western Nigeria. Journal of Fruits (Paris), 55(5) (2000) 309-314
  • [20] Olufokunbi, J.O. and Chiejina, N.V., Effects of different substrates on the yield and nutritional value of Pleurotus tuberregium (Fr.) Singer. African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development, 13(2) (2013) 7527-7543
  • [21] Olusegun, V.O., Medicinal uses of mushrooms in Nigeria: Towards Full and Sustainable Exploitation. African Journal of Traditional Complementary and Alternative Medicines, 8 (3) (2011) 267-274
  • [22] Onuoha, C.I., Oyibo, G., and Ebibila, J., Cultivation of straw mushroom (Volvariella volvacea) using some agro-waste material. Journal of American Science, 5(5) (2009) 135-138
  • [23] Osemwegie, O.O., Okhuoya, A.J., and Omorusi, I.V., Ecological diversity of macro basidiomycetes in rubber. Rubber Research Institute of Nigeria, Iyanomo, Edo State. Nigeria. Journal of Mycology, 2(1) (2009) 23-40
  • [24] Oyetayo, V.O. and Ariyo, O.O., Antimicrobial and Antioxidant of Pleurotus ostreatus (Jacq: Fries) Cultivated on Different Tropical Woody Substrates. Journal of Waste Conversion, Bioproducts and Biotechnology, 1 (2) (2013) 28-32
  • [25] Stanley, H.O. and Odu, N.N., Cultivation of oyster mushroom (Pleurotus tuberregium) on selected organic wastes. International Journal of Advanced Biological Research, 2(3) (2012) 446-448
  • [26] Thapakorn, K. and Thanawan, P., Lead accumulation in the straw mushroom, Volvariella volvacea, from lead contaminated rice straw and stubble. Journal of Bull Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 91(2) (2013) 231-234
  • [27] Uddin, M.J., Haque, S., Haque, M.E., Bilkis, S., and Biswas, A.K., Effect of different substrate on growth and yield of button mushroom. Journal of Environ. Sci. and Natural Resources, 5(2) (2012) 177-180
  • [28] Ukoima, H.N., Ogbonnaya, L.O., Arikpo, G.E., and Ikpe, F.N., Cultivation of mushroom (Volvariella volvacea) on various farm wastes in Obura Local Government of Cross River State, Nigeria. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 8 (7) (2009) 1059-1061
  • [29] Yashvant, P., Ram, N., and Singh, V.K., Medicinal Properties of Pleurotus species (Oyster Mushroom): A Review. World Journal of Fungal and Plant Biology, 3 (1) (2012) 1-12
Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.