Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
2019 | 127 | 3 | 311-324
Article title

Study on Solving Drinking Water Problems of a Household in Coastal regions of Odisha, India

Title variants
Languages of publication
Though water covers more than two-third (about 70%) of the earth’s surface, still fresh water used for drinking purposes remains scarce (only about 2.5%). This is mainly due to presence of long coastlines & island nations. As a result most of the countries meet their water demands by desalination of sea water which is a very costly affair. In India, the state like Odisha has a long coastline. Till now Odisha has not developed a method from which water from sea can be used to provide drinking water to the people. The aim of this present work is to develop a portable device that can be used to meet the water requirement of a regular household. The device will first condense the water present in the atmosphere & then purify it so that it can be used for drinking. Such a device is called Atmospheric Water Generator. From this work, it was found that if the ambient temperature is 35 ºC or higher & if the relative humidity is greater than 50% then the device will function well & it will start condensing water. Thus in order to work the device in coastal areas of Odisha metrological datas are collected from internet for major coastal cities of Odisha and found that the relative humidity of coastal cities in Odisha remains above 50% throughout the year. Hence the developed device will work round the year without any problem.
Physical description
  • Department of Mechanical Engineering, Goverment College of Engineering, Keonjhar, Odisha, India
  • [1] P. F. M. Teunis, G. J. Medema, L. Kruidenier, A. H. Havelaar, Assessment of the risk of infection by Cryptosporidium or Giardia in drinking water from a surface water source. Water Res. 31 (1997) 1333-1346
  • [2] C.N. Haas, J.B. Rose, C.P. Gerba, Quantitative Microbiological Risk Assessment. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 1999
  • [3] G. J. Medema, W. Hoogenboezem, A. J. V. D. Veer, H. A. M. Ketelaars, W. A. M. Hijnen, P. J. Nobel, Quantitativerisk assessment of Cryptosporidium in surface water Treatment. Water Sci. Technol. 47 (2003) 241-247
  • [4] T. Clasen, A. Bastable, 2003. Faecal contamination of drinking water during collection and household storage: The need to extend protection to the point of use. J. Water Health, 1(3) (2003) 109-115
  • [5] T. Brick, B. Primrose, R. Chandrasekhar, S. Roy, J. Muliyil, G. Kang, Water contamination in urban southIndia: Household storage practices and their implications for water safety and enteric infections. Int. J. Hyg. Environ. Health 207 (2004) 473480
  • [6] A. K. M. Kamruzzaman, F. Ahmed, Study of performance of existing pond sand filters in different parts of Bangladesh. in Sustainable Development of Water Resources. Water Supply and Environmental Sanitation, 32nd WEDC conference Colombo, Sri Lanka, (2006) 377–380
  • [7] T. Anbarasu, S. Pavithra, Vapour Compression Refrigeration System Generating Fresh Water from Humidity in the Air. International Conference on Sustainable Energy and Intelligent Systems (SEISCON 2011), 75-79
  • [8] B. Niewenhuis, C. Shepperly, R.V. Beek, E.V. Kooten, Water generator water from air using liquid desiccant method. Team 5: Water from Air, Calvin College (2012)
  • [9] Kabeela A.E, Abdulazizb M., Emad M.S. Solar-based atmospheric water generator utilisation of a fresh water recovery: A numerical study. International Journal of Ambient Energy 37(1) (2016) 68-75
Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.