Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
2017 | 12 | 51-62
Article title

Adsorption Capacity of Maize Biomass Parts in the Remediation of Cu2+ Ion Polluted Water

Title variants
Languages of publication
We investigated the efficiency of maize biomass parts - seed chaff, stalk, cob and husk, in the remediation of Cu2+ ion polluted water in modeled solutions. The adsorption capacity of these parts followed the order of husk > stalk > cob > seed chaff, with values of 9.65 mg/g, 4.83 mg/g, 3.70 mg/g and 2.48 mg/g, respectively. Maximum adsorption capacity of each part was reached in 45 min. Herein, the husk giving the best removal efficiency of 80.80%. Characterization of the maize husk using PIXE showed that potassium is the main cation on this biomass, with concentration 5.602 g/kg. FTIR scans of the husk before and after adsorption of Cu2+ ions gave shifts in adsorption bands on -OH carrying molecules, indicating that complexation is a mechanism in the metal ion removal process. The multi porous structure of the husk, and uniform surface coverage by ions observed from SEM images before and after adsorption, shed more light on the high adsorption efficiency shown by this natural waste material.
Physical description
  • Department of Chemistry, Imo State University Owerri, P.M.B. 2000, Nigeria
  • Department of Chemistry, Federal University of Technology Owerri, P.M.B. 1526, Imo State, Nigeria
  • [1] Barros A.J.M., Prasad S., Leite V.D. & Souza A.G., (2006). The process of biosorption of heavy metals in bioreactors loaded with sanitary sewage sludge. Braz. J. Chem. Eng., 23, 153-162
  • [2] Demirbas A., (2008). Heavy metal adsorption onto agro-based waste materials - A review. J. Hazard. Mater. 157, 220-229
  • [3] Duru C.E. & Duru I.A., (2017). Studies of Sorbent Efficiencies of Maize Parts in Fe(II) Removal from Aqueous Solutions. ILCPA, 72, 1-8
  • [4] Eck P. & Wilson L., (1989). Toxic Metals in Human Health and Disease. Eck Institute of Applied Nutrition and Bioenergetics Ltd, Phoenix.
  • [5] Geay M., Marchetti V., Clément A., Loubinoux B. & Gerardin P., (2000). Decontamination of synthetic solutions containing heavy metals using chemically modified sawdust bearing polyacrylic acid chains. J. Wood Sci. 46, 331-333
  • [6] Goyer A., (1991). Toxic effect of metals. In Casarrett and Doull’s Toxicology. The Basic science of Poisons. 4th edition, New York, Pergamon Press, pp. 623-680.
  • [7] Hasfalina C.M., Maryam R., Luqman C.A. & Rashid M., (2012). Adsorption of copper(II) from aqueous medium in fixed-bed column by kenaf fibres. APCBEE Procedia 3, 255-263.
  • [8] Igwe J.C., Ogunewe D.N. & Abia A.A., (2005). Competitive adsorption of Zn(II), Cd(II) and Pb(II) ions from aqueous and non-aqueous solutions by maize cob and husk. Afr. J. Biotechnol. 4(10), 1113-1116
  • [9] Jimoh T.O., Lyaku Y. A. & Nubaya M.M., (2012). Sorption study of Co (II), Cu(II) and Pb(II) ions removal from aqueous solution by adsorption on Flamboyant Flower (Delonix Regia). American Journal of Chemistry 2(3), 165-170
  • [10] Kalembasa D., (2006). Amount and chemical composition of ash from the biomass of fuel plants. Acta Agrophys. 7(4), 909-914
  • [11] Kumar P.S., Ramalingam S., Senthamarai C., Niranjanaa M., Vijayalakshmi P. & Sivanesa S., (2010). Adsorption of dye from aqueous solution by cashew nut shell: Studies on equilibrium isotherm, kinetics and thermodynamics of interactions. Desalination, 261, 52-60
  • [12] Kumar S. M., (1992). Biosrption; The Chemical Engineers' Resource Page. Biochemistry 24, 129-135
  • [13] Kuppusanily V., Jegen J.R., Punuvinelu K. & Velen M., (2004). Copper removal from aqueous solution by marine green alga ulra reticulate. Electronic Biotechnol. 7(1), 61-67
  • [14] Noggue S., Sanz Munne P. & Gadea E., (2000). Copper contamination from domestic tap water with a descaler. Bull. World Health Org. 78, 565-566
  • [15] Opeolu B.O., Bamgbose O., Arowolo T.A. & Adetunji M.T., (2009). Utilization of maize (Zea mays) cob as adsorbent for lead (II) removal from aqueous solutions and industrial effluents. AJB, 8, 1567-1573
  • [16] Piekarczyk M., Kotwica K. & Jaskulski D., (2011). The elemental composition of straw and hay in the context of their agricultural utilization. Acta Sci. Pol. Agricultura, 10(2), 97-104
  • [17] Pravasnt P., Apiratikul R., Sungkum V., Suthiparinyanont P., Wattanachira S. & Marhaba T.F. (2006). Biosorption of Cu2+, Cd2+, Pb2+ and Zn2+ using dried marine green macroalga Caulerpa lentillifera. Biores. Technol. 97(18), 2321-2329
  • [18] Sciban M. & Klasnja M., (2004). Study of the adsorption of copper (II) ions from water onto wood sawdust, pulp and lignin. Ads. Sci. & Tec., 22, 195-206
  • [19] Srivastava V.C., Mall I.D. & Mishra I.M., (2006). Characterization of mesoporous rice husk ash (RHA) and adsorption kinetics of metal ions from aqueous solution on to RHA. J. Hazard. Mater.,B134, 257-267
  • [20] Sulaiman M.S. & Garba M.D., (2014). Biosorption of Cu(II) ions from aqueous solution using Azadirachta indica (Neem) leaf powder. CPER, 27, 3
  • [21] Vafakhah S., Bahrololoom M.E. & Saeedikhani M., (2016). Adsorption kinetics of cupric ions on mixture of modified corn stalk and modified tomato waste. JWARP, 8, 1238-1250
  • [22] Monday Sunday Adiaha. Influence of different soil types and mineral fertilizer on maize (Zea mays L.) growth for effective production, soil fertility improvement and food security. World Scientific News 55 (2016) 137-167
  • [23] Monday Sunday Adiaha. Influence of Mineral Fertilizer on the Growth of Maize (Zea mays L.) and Soil Fertility Improvement for Food Security, Environmental Development and Sustainable Agriculture. World Scientific News 56 (2016) 189-216
  • [24] Yallew Mazengia. Smallholders commercialization of maize production in Guangua district, northwestern Ethiopia. World Scientific News 58 (2016) 65-83
  • [25] P. I. Akwaji, E. J. Umana, E. I. Okon. Phytochemical and Antifungal Activity of Leaf Extracts of Corchorus olitorius and Gongronema latifolium on Fungi Associated with Post-Harvest Deterioration of Maize (Zea mays) Seeds in Oban Community, Nigeria. World Scientific News 53(3) (2016) 157-177
  • [26] Musefa Redi, Wubayehu Gebremedhin, Fitsum Merkeb, Mohamed Yimam. Critical Level of Extractable Phosphorus for Maize (Zea mays L.) at Metekel Zone, Northwestern Ethiopia. World Scientific News 54 (2016) 14-26
Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.