A Study on Nectar Plant Preference of Butterflies at Juvenile Detention Center, Barasat, West Bengal, India
Languages of publication
Nectar is the primary nutrient source for adult butterflies. Plant species vary in their nectar content that may influence the biological attributes of the dependent life forms. Butterflies too differ in the range of available nectar resources for exploitation. Seven flowering plant species were selected in the study area, Kisholoy, Juvenile Detention Center, Barasat, where butterflies visit the most. Data was generated from three individual plants of each of the seven plant species. Each plant individual was observed for scheduled time period in the morning to record the encounters of butterfly species. Thirty eight  butterfly species of five  families were recorded during the study period. It was found that, the encounter frequencies of butterfly species varied for different nectar plant species. It was also observed that butterflies of a particular family preferred a specific nectar plant species or even a particular plant of a selected species. None of the seven nectar plants did attract members of all the five butterfly families. Lycaenids were found to be the most frequent visitors in different nectar plants like Aerva lanata, Acmella uliginosa and Sida sp. In case of Mikania micrantha, nymphalids were frequent visitors following lycaenids.
-  Borges, R. M., Gowda, V. and Zacharias, M. 2003. Butterfly pollination and high contrast visual signals in a low density distylous plant. Oecologia 136: 571-573
-  Fothergill, K. and Vaughn, A. 2009. Butterfly Nectar Plants at Big Oak Tree State Park and Towosaghy State Historic Site, Mississippi County, Missouri. Midsouth Entomologists, 3: 33-38
-  Kehimkar, I. 2008. Book of Indian Butterflies. Bombay Natural History Society. Mumbai and Delhi: Oxford University Press. 513 pp.
-  Kunte, K. 2000. Butterflies of Paninsular India. University Press (Hyderabad) and Indian Academy of Sciences (Bangalore), 254 pp.
-  Mukherjee, S., Banerjee, S., Saha, G. K., Basu, P. and Aditya, G. 2015. Butterfly diversity in Kolkata, India: An appraisal for conservation management. Journ. Asia-Pacific Biodiversity, 8: 210-221
-  Mukhopadhyay, S., Chattopadhyay, U., and Sarkar, D. 2015. Diversity of Butterfly Fauna in Barasat, West Bengal. Bionotes. 17(2): 47-49
-  Nair, A. V., Mitra, P. and Aditya (Bandyopadhyay), S. 2014. Studies on the diversity and abundance of butterfly (Lepidoptera: Rhopalocera) fauna in and around Sarojini Naidu College campus, Kolkata, West Bengal, India. Journ. Ent. Zool. Stud. 2(4): 129-134
-  Collins, N. M., New, T. R. Swallowtail Butterflies: An Action plan for their Conservation. IUCN/SSC Action Plans for the Conservation of Biological Diversity. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland, 1991. ISBN: 2-8317-0061-2
-  Nimbalkar, R. K., Chandekar, S. K., and Kunte, S. P. 2011. Butterﬂy diversity in relation to nectar food plants from Bhor Tahsil, Pune District, Maharashtra, India. Journ. Threatened Taxa, 3: 1601-1609
-  Tiple, A. D., Deshmukh, V.P. and Dennis, R.L.H. 2006. Factors influencing nectar plant resource visits by butterflies on a university campus: implications for conservation. Nota Lepidopterologica 28(3/4): 213-224
-  Romeis, J., and Wäckers, F. L. 2002. Nutritional suitability of individual carbohydrates and amino acids for adult Pieris brassicae. Physiological Entomology 27: 148-156
-  Roy, U. S., Mukherjee, M. and Mukhopadhyay, S. K. 2012. Butterﬂy diversity and abundance with reference to habitat heterogeneity in and around Neora Valley National Park, West Bengal, India. Our Nature, 10: 53-60
Publication order reference