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2011 | 65 | 4 | 24–28
Article title

Bronchial asthma in children and teenagers and their exposition to house dust mites in urban area in the Upper Silesia. A preliminary study

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Title variants
PL
Astma oskrzelowa u dzieci i młodzieży a ekspozycja na roztocze kurzu domowego w środowisku miejskim na Górnym Śląsku. Badanie wstępne
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EN
Abstracts
EN
Dust mite allergens are common factors causing bronchial hypersensitivity in children with diagnosed bronchial asthma. As one of the main type of allergens in the domestic environment, they take a signifi cant part in this process. The authors studied the severity of bronchial asthma (according to GINA 2006) of 16 children and teenagers with confi rmed allergy to mites, who lived in the city situated in Upper Silesia, in correlation to acarofauna of their dwellings. Mite species, their number in 1 g of dust and guanine concentration in 1 g of dust (Acarex test) were examined in 57 house samples from 16 houses or fl ats. The dominant species were Dermatophagoides farinae and D. pteronyssinus; other species of mites, such as: Euroglyphus mayenei, Gymnoglyphus longior, Acarus siro, Tyrophagus putrescentiae, Lepidoglyphus destructor, Lepidoglyphus fustifer occurred only sporadically. There was no correlation found between the severity of bronchial asthma and the level of exposure to mite allergens from household environments in the studied group of mite-sensitive children and teenagers.
PL
U dzieci z astmą oskrzelową alergeny roztoczy kurzu domowego są często czynnikami powodującymi nadreaktywność oskrzeli. Jako jedne z głównych alergenów w środowisku domowym mają w tym względzie duże znaczenie. Autorzy poddali analizie stopień ciężkości astmy oskrzelowej (wg GINA 2006) u 16 osób w wieku rozwojowym mieszkających w mieście na Górnym Śląsku), wykazujących alergię na roztocze, w odniesieniu do akarofauny kurzu z ich mieszkań. Pod uwagę wzięto gatunki roztoczy, ich liczbę w 1 g kurzu oraz stężenie guaniny w 1 g kurzu (Acarex test). Dominującymi gatunkami były D. farinae i D. pteronyssinus, a inne gatunki roztoczy (Euroglyphus mayenei, Gymnoglyphus longior, Acarus siro, Tyrophagus putrescentiae, Lepidoglyphus destructor, Lepidoglyphus fustifer) występowały sporadycznie. Nie stwierdzono zależności stopnia ciężkości astmy oskrzelowej od stopnia narażenia na alergeny roztoczy w środowisku domowym osób objętych badaniem.
Discipline
Publisher

Year
Volume
65
Issue
4
Pages
24–28
Physical description
Contributors
  • Chair and Department of Pediatrics Medical University of Silesia in Katowice ul. Batorego 15 41-902 Bytom Phone/fax +48 32 78 61 498, pedbyt@sum.edu.pl
  • Department of Parasitology, Medical University of Silesia in Katowice
author
  • Chair and Department of Pediatrics in Bytom, Medical University of Silesia in Katowice
author
  • Department of Parasitology, Medical University of Silesia in Katowice
  • Chair and Department of Pediatrics in Bytom, Medical University of Silesia in Katowice
author
  • Chair and Department of Pediatrics in Bytom, Medical University of Silesia in Katowice
author
  • Department of Parasitology, Medical University of Silesia in Katowice
References
  • 1. Solarz K.: Allergenic mites in habitats associated with man. Biological Lett. 2006; 43: 299–306.
  • 2. Solarz K., Seńczuk L., Maniurka H., Cichecka E., Peszke M. Comparisons of the allergenic mite prevalence in dwellings and certain outdoor environments of the Upper Silesia (Southwest Poland). Int. J. Hyg. Environ. Health 2007; 210: 715–724.
  • 3. Platts-Mills T.A.E., Thomas W.R., Aalberse R.C., Vervloet D., Chapman M.D. Dust mite allergens and asthma: Report of a Second International Workshop. J. Allergy Clin. Immunol. 1992; 89: 1046–1060.
  • 4. Kruszewski J. (editor) Standardy w alergologii (część I). The UCB Institute of Allergy. Belgium, 2003.
  • 5. Solarz K. The allergenic acarofauna of house dust from dwellings, hospitals, libravies and institutes in Upper Silesia (Poland). Ann. Agric. Environ. Med. 1998; 5: 73–85.
  • 6. Pauli G., Quoix G., Hedelin G., Bessot J.C., Ott M., Dietemann A. Mite allergen content in mattress dust of Dermatophagoides- allergic asthmatics/rhinitics and matched controls. Clin. Exp. Allergy 1993; 23: 606–611.
  • 7. Racewicz M. House dust mites (Acari: Pyroglyphidae) in the cities of Gdańsk and Gdynia (Northern Poland). Ann. Agric. Environ. Med. 2001; 8: 33–38.
  • 8. Arshad S.H., Bateman B., Matthews S.M. Primary prevention of asthma and atopy during childhood by allergen avoidance in infancy: a randomized controlled study. Thorax 2003; 58: 489–493.
  • 9. Morgan W.J., Crain E.F., Gruchalla R.S. et al. Results of a home-based environmental intervention among urban children with asthma. N. Engl. J. Med. 2004; 351: 1068–1080.
  • 10. Cieślak M, Szmidt M. Clinical effi ciency of elimination of houst dust allergens in patients with bronchial asthma. Alergia Astma Immunologia 1997; 2: 19–24 [in Polish].
  • 11. Terrehorst I., Hak E., Oosting A.J. et al. Evaluation of impermeable covers for bedding in patients with allergic rhinitis. N. Engl. J. Med. 2003; 349: 237–246.
  • 12. Dymek L., Kurzawa R. Zarys diagnostyki chorób alergicznych wieku rozwojowego. BAMAR Marketing-Wydawnictwo, Warszawa, 1996.
Document Type
article
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YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.psjd-adb3a6a0-96a0-492c-afd4-480279aaff7f
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