PL EN


Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
2020 | 149 | 52-63
Article title

Yamuna river water treatment using a natural coagulant of Citrullus lanatus seeds

Content
Title variants
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
The aim of this study is to evaluate the potential of Citrullus lanatus seeds (a natural coagulant) also known as Watermelon seeds in treating Yamuna River Water. The problem of water scarcity in developing nations requires an economical and feasible water treatment process like coagulation. The watermelon seeds were analyzed on different physicochemical water treatment parameters. To understand the efficiency of the coagulant; a jar test was conducted by varying dosage, mixing speed, pH, and temperature. At an optimum coagulant dosage of 250 mg/L, pH of 7, stirring speed of 100 rpm, and temperature of 30 °C, the maximum turbidity removal of 81% was observed. The study concludes that the Citrullus lanatus seeds can be used as an effective natural coagulant for water treatment in developing countries.
Year
Volume
149
Pages
52-63
Physical description
Contributors
author
  • School of Chemical Engineering, Galgotias University, Greater Noida, Uttar Pradesh, India
author
  • School of Chemical Engineering, Galgotias University, Greater Noida, Uttar Pradesh, India
References
  • [1] I. Bodlund, K. Sabarigrisan, R. Chelliah, K. Sankaran, & G. K. Rajarao (2013). Screening of coagulant proteins from plant material in southern India. Water Supply, 13(6), 1478-1485. doi:10.2166/ws.2013.156
  • [2] Eman N. Ali, Suleyman A. Muyibi, Hamzah M. Salleh, Mohd Ramlan M. Salleh, & Md Zahangir Alam (2009). Moringa Oleifera Seeds As Natural Coagulant For Water Treatment. Thirteenth International Water Technology Conference, Hurghada, Egypt.
  • [3] Md. Asrafuzzaman, A. N. M. Fakhruddin, & Md. Alamgir Hossain2 (2011). Reduction of Turbidity of Water Using Locally Available Natural Coagulants. ISRN Microbiology, 2011, 1–6. https://doi.org/10.5402/2011/632189
  • [4] Bilal Nabi Bhat, Saltanat Parveen, & Taskeena Hassan (2018). Seasonal assessment of physicochemical parameters and evaluation of water quality of river Yamuna, India. Advances in Environmental Technology, 1, 41–49. https://doi.org/10.22104/aet.2018.2415.1121
  • [5] Chadetrik Rout (2017). Assessment of Water Quality: A Case Study of River Yamuna. International Journal of earth Sciences and Engineering 10(02), 398–403. https://doi.org/10.21276/ijee.2017.10.0239
  • [6] Guidelines for drinking-water quality: fourth edition incorporating the first addendum. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2017. Licence: CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 IGO.
  • [7] B. Raja Narender, K. Akshitha, A. Prashanth, Y. Saileela Reddy, & A. Saketh (2019). Treatment Of Water With Moringa Oleifera As A Coagulant. World Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 8(7), 996–1016. https://doi.org/10.20959/wjpps20197-14147
  • [8] Azizul-Rahman M. F. H., Mohd-Suhaimi A. A., & N. Othman (2013). Biosorption of Pb(II) and Zn(II) in Synthetic Waste Water by Watermelon Rind (Citrullus lanatus). Applied Mechanics and Materials, 465–466, 906–910.
  • [9] Vicky Kumar, Norzila Othman, & Syazwani Asharuddin (2017). Applications of Natural Coagulants to Treat Wastewater − A Review. MATEC Web of Conferences, 103, 06016. https://doi.org/10.1051/matecconf/201710306016
  • [10] Abdullah Al-Mamun, & Ahmad Tsaqif A. Basir (2016). White Popinac As Potential Phyto-Coagulant To Reduce Turbidity Of River Water. ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 11(11), 7180–7183. http://www.arpnjournals.org/jeas/volume_01_2016.htm
  • [11] Arbanah Muhammad, Ahmad Ramli Rashidi, Azmi Roslan, Meor Muhammad Hafiz Shah Buddin (2020). Performance Study of Watermelon Rind as Coagulants for the Wastewater Treatment. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1535, 012053. doi:10.1088/1742-6596/1535/1/012053
  • [12] Osman Uner, Unal Gecgel, & Yuksel Bayrak (2019). Preparation and characterization of mesoporous activated carbons from waste watermelon rind by using the chemical activation method with zinc chloride. Arabian Journal of Chemistry, 12(8), 3621–3627. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arabjc.2015.12.004
  • [13] Huosheng Li, Jingfang Xiong, Tangfu Xiao, Jianyou Long, Qimin Wang, Keke Li, Ximing Liu, Gaosheng Zhang, & Hongguo Zhang (2019). Biochar derived from watermelon rinds as regenerable adsorbent for efficient removal of thallium(I) from wastewater. Process Safety and Environmental Protection, 127, 257–266. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psep.2019.04.031
  • [14] Koel Banerjee, S.T. Ramesh, R. Gandhimathi, P.V. Nidheesh, & K.S. Bharathi (2012). A Novel Agricultural Waste Adsorbent, Watermelon Shell for the Removal of Copper from Aqueous Solutions. Iranica Journal of Energy & Environment, 143–156. https://doi.org/10.5829/idosi.ijee.2012.03.02.0396
  • [15] Asokan M. A., S. Senthur prabu, S. Kamesh, & W. Khan, (2018). Performance, combustion and emission characteristics of diesel engine fuelled with papaya and watermelon seed oil bio-diesel/diesel blends. Energy, 145, 238–245. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2017.12.140
  • [16] Tarek A. El-Adawy, & Khaled M. Taha, (2001). Characteristics and composition of different seed oils and flours. Food Chemistry, 74(1), 47–54. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0308-8146(00)00337-x
  • [17] Musaida Mercy Manyuchi, & Tawanda Chikomo (2016). Treatment of water using watermelon (Citrullus lanatus) seeds as organic coagulant and microbial filter. Emerging Trends in Chemical Sciences, Flic en Flac, Mauritius.
  • [18] Idris Muhammad Misau, & Abdulwadud Abdulkarim Yusuf (2016). Characterization Of Water Melon Seed Used As Water Treatment Coagulant. Journal of Advanced Studies in Agricultural, Biological and Environmental Sciences, 3(2), 22–29.
  • [19] B. K. Adeoye, B. A. Akinbode, J. D Awe, & C. T. Akpa (2020). Evaluation of Biosorptive Capacity of Waste Watermelon Seed for Lead (II) Removal from Aqueous Solution. American Journal of Environmental Engineering, 10(1), 1–8. doi:10.5923/j.ajee.20201001.01
  • [20] S. Benkaddour, R. Slimani, H. Hiyane, I. El Ouahabi, I. Hachoumi, S. El Antri, S. Lazar (2018). Removal of reactive yellow 145 by adsorption onto treated watermelon seeds: Kinetic and isotherm studies. Sustainable Chemistry and Pharmacy, 10, 16-21. doi:10.1016/j.scp.2018.08.003
  • [21] Amit Rai, Bikash Mohanty, Ravindra Bhargava (2015). Modeling and response surface analysis of supercritical extraction of watermelon seed oil using carbon dioxide. Separation and Purification Technology, 141, 354-365. doi:10.1016/j.seppur.2014.12.016
  • [22] BIS, “Indian standard specification for drinking water, IS: 10500”, Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi, India, 2012
  • [23] I.M. Muhammad, S. Abdulsalam, A. Abdulkarim & A.A. Bello (2015). Water Melon Seed as a Potential Coagulant for Water Treatment. Global Journal of Researches in Engineering, 15(1), 17–24
  • [24] Ezeh Ernest, Okeke Onyeka, Nwosu David, Okeakpu Blessing (2017). Effects of pH, Dosage, Temperature and Mixing Speed on The Efficiency of Water Melon Seed in Removing the Turbidity and Colour of Atabong River, Awka-Ibom State, Nigeria. International Journal of Advanced Engineering, Management and Science, 3(5), 427-434. doi:10.24001/ijaems.3.5.4
  • [25] James M. Ebeling, Sarah R. Ogden, Philip L. Sibrell, & Kata L. Rishel (2004). Application of Chemical Coagulation Aids for the Removal of Suspended Solids (TSS) and Phosphorus from the Microscreen Effluent Discharge of an Intensive Recirculating Aquaculture System. North
  • [26] Feng Xiao, Ju-Chang Howard Huang, Bao-jie Zhang, Chong-wei Cui (2009). Effects of low temperature on coagulation kinetics and floc surface morphology using alum. Desalination, 237(1–3), 201–213. https//doi.org/10.1016/j.desal.2007.12.033
  • [27] A. Anburani, P. Kannan, K. Muthumanickam. Genetic variability, heritability and genetic advance for yield and yield components in watermelon (Citrullus lanatus Thunb.). World News of Natural Sciences 25 (2019) 22-30
  • [28] T. I. N. Ezejiofor, U. E. Enenebeaku, C. K. Enenebeaku, M. U. Nwankwo, C. I. A. Ogbonnaya, Comparative study of bioethanol yield from yam, potato, watermelon, and pineapple peels using different concentrations of hydrochloric acid. World News of Natural Sciences 16 (2018) 18-32
Document Type
article
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.psjd-a69f6242-c79c-425b-833d-3d8af2e10015
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.