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Cooking methods and medicinal uses of frog species among the Naga tribes in Dimapur

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Amphibia is a class of vertebrate. Amphibians are ectothermic, or cold-blooded, and they have smooth skin that must stay moist to prevent desiccation. They play an important role in nature both, as predator and prey. Nagaland is one of the north eastern hilly states and it is very rich in biodiversity. Due to the geographical position, Nagaland has a huge number of amphibian fauna. Purpose of the present study is to get information of sociocultural relation of frog and Naga people and to study the diversity. Study was conducted through the market survey and interview. Interview was conducted among the people of different age groups which are belonging to different tribes. Frog species were collected from the markets and Morphometric measurements were taken by using a vernier caliper. Frog samples were kept as museum specimen. From the investigation, all together 11 species from 4 families were recorded from the market and identified with the help of relevant literature. Cooking procedure of frog meat among the people of Nagaland varies from tribe to tribe and people to people. Most common method of consumption is boiling with bamboo shoot. Naga people have traditional believe that frogs have medicinal purposes. Different body parts of the frog are consumed by different way to cure the various diseases. Frog eating is a traditional way and continued practice among the Naga society from the time of civilization to obtain the protein, and frogs are easily available in the markets in both, as fresh and dried. Frogs are being exploited from nature from year after year without having proper maintenance and conservation. The results of the study revealed that there is no reduction in frog population, though they are being collected in a huge number. It is necessary to culture the frog species and to establish socio-ecological system through a sustainable management and conservation of biodiversity.
Physical description
  • Department of Zoology, St. John College, Dimapur, Nagaland, India
  • Department of Zoology, Assam Don Bosco University, Tapesia Campus, Sonapur Assam, India
  • Department of Zoology, St. John College, Dimapur, Nagaland, India
  • Department of Zoology, St. John College, Dimapur, Nagaland, India
  • Department of Zoology, St. John College, Dimapur, Nagaland, India
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