Determination of bee spacing and comb cell dimension for Apis mellifera scutellata races across different agroecology in western Ethiopia
Languages of publication
This investigation was done at Wombera and Pawe study areas of Metekel zone of Benishangul-gumuz regional state, western Ethiopia, with the aim of determine the bee spacing and cell dimensions and recommended an appropriate bee spacing and cell dimension for Apis mellifera scutellata. Wombera and Pawe study areas were selected to represent highland and lowland agro-ecologies respectively. The measurement of bee space, cell diameter, cell depth, comb thickness and hive dimension were taken from 20 traditional hives at each agro-ecology by using caliper to 0.1mm accuracy. Collected data were analyzed in descriptive statistics, correlation and General Linear Model (GLM) procedures using statistical package for social sciences (SPSS) software. The current study overall mean results of bee space, cell depth, cell diameter and comb thickness were 16.5 ±0.5 mm, 10.4 ±0.06 mm, 4.68 ±0.03 mm, and 19.9 ±0.14 mm respectively. The hive width and length were 27.1 ±0.5 cm and 76.5 ±0.9 cm respectively. The results of bee space and comb thickness showed significance difference among districts (P < 0.05), whereas cell depth, cell diameter, hive length and hive width were not difference among districts (P > 0.05). Therefore, there were difference in bee space and comb thickness in similar honeybee race among two different agroecology but preparing of new casting molds and box hives consistent to the agroecology.
-  Abera H, Kassa B (2016). Determination of Bee Space and Cell Dimensions for Jimma Zone Honeybee Eco-Races (Apis Malifera), Southwest Ethiopian. Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare 6(9): 41-46
-  Alemayehu A, Yilma T, Yohannes E, Mulisa F, Habtamu A (2015). Analysis of honey production systems in three agro-ecologies of Benishangul-Gumuz, Western Ethiopia. Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development 8(3): 29-38
-  B. Amssalu, A, Nuru, Sarah Radloff, H. Randall Hepburn (2004). Multivariate morphometric analysis of honeybees (Apis mellifera) in the Ethiopian region. Apidologie, Springer Verlag, 35 (1), pp. 7181.
-  Crane, E (1990). Bees and beekeeping. Science, practice and World Resources; Heinemann Newnes, Professional Publishing Ltd, Haller court. Codex Standards for Sugars (honey), Supplement to Codex Alimentarius Volume III.
-  Endale YDT, Gezahegn M, Samuel S (2015). Determination of bee spacing and comb cell dimension in traditional hive at different agroecolog in south western parts of Ethiopia. Journal of Agricultural Science and Research 2: 29-34
-  Jones, R. (1999) Beekeeping as a Business international Bee Research Association, Published by common wealth secretariat, London.
-  Mulisa Faji Alemayehu Abebe, Diribi Mijena, Fekadu Begna and Alayu Tarekegn (2018). Determination of bee spacing and comb cell dimensions for Apis mellifera Scutellate honeybee race in western Ethiopia. International journal of animal production Vol. 9(8), pp. 206-210
-  Nuru A, Al-Ghamdi A, Shenkute G, Mohammed A, Mohammed J, Ansari RS, Sarah E (2016). Pollination ecology, nectar secretion dynamics, and honey production potentials of Acacia ehrenbergiana (Hayne) and Acacia tortilis (Forsk.) Hayne, Leguminosae (Mimosoideae), in an arid region of Saudi Arabi. Tropical Ecology 57(3): 429-444
Publication order reference