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2017 | 7 | 1 | 5-14
Article title

Satisfaction with life and health-promoting behaviours in the context of prevention and early detection of breast cancer in physically active women

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EN
Abstracts
EN
Objective: Assessment of the impact of life satisfaction in physically active women on their health promoting behaviours in terms of prevention and early detection of breast cancer. Materials and methods: The study, involving 100 women, was carried out in a fitness centre in Bydgoszcz in 2015. The research instruments used included the authors’ self-designed questionnaire and the SWLS life satisfaction score. Results: Women aged 25–34 constituted 57% of the study participants, with 82% of them domiciled in the city, and 74% of them holding secondary or higher education qualifications. 67% of them assessed their knowledge about breast cancer and breast cancer prevention programme as good, 65% of them believed it was impossible to protect oneself from cancer, 68% of them occasionally consumed alcohol. 89% of the respondents engaged in breast self-examination, and 68.4% of the subjects aged 25–34 considered excessive weight/obesity as a risk factor. 61.5% of women aged 45–60 were smokers. Respondents living in the city would dedicate one hour more for physical activity than those from the countryside. 93.2% of women with secondary/tertiary education carried out breast self-examination. Surveyed women received high scores on the scale of life satisfaction, averaging 25.69 points, they were less likely to smoke cigarettes, and more likely to engage in breast self examination (95.5%). Conclusions: Physically active women assess their knowledge on health-promoting behaviours well, lead a healthy lifestyle, and avoid breast cancer risk factors. Physically active women accomplish a high level of life satisfaction, which is especially true for married women with a higher education degree. On the other hand, life satisfaction does not correlate with age, place of residence or marital status. Women presenting a high level of life satisfaction are more involved in health-promoting behaviours, carry out regular breast self-examination, and undergo preventative medical check-ups.
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Journal
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Volume
7
Issue
1
Pages
5-14
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Contributors
  • Department of Oncology Nursing, Collegium Medicum in Bydgoszcz, Nicolaus Copernicus University in Torun, Poland
author
  • Department of Oncology Nursing, Collegium Medicum in Bydgoszcz, Nicolaus Copernicus University in Torun, Poland
  • Department of Oncology Nursing, Collegium Medicum in Bydgoszcz, Nicolaus Copernicus University in Torun, Poland
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Document Type
article
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YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.psjd-a46619ee-d9be-420a-8bb8-1fc72891e14e
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