Ethnoveterinary Survey of Plants used in Treating Livestock among the Fulani people of Girei, Adamawa State, Nigeria
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The study surveyed plants used as ethnoveterinary among the Fulani people of Girei, Adamawa State, Nigeria. A total of 100 key guided respondents interview and focus group discussion mainly the Jauro, Jemila, Ardo and few herdsmen along Girei-Mubi road who were highly experienced and inherited the knowledge of ethnoveterinary from their fore fathers were targeted during the study. The results identified 30 medicinal plants species alongside with different livestock diseases conditions they treat. The Fulani names, part of plants and mode of preparations were also documented. However, there was significance use of cow milk (Madara or Nunu) and evaporites or potash (Kanwa) as recipes in livestock diseases management. The leaves (61.29%) were commonly used, bark (25.80%), root (6.45%) and fruits (6.45%). The phytochemical screening of the available plants showed presence of secondary metabolites such as saponins, alkaloids, tannins, anthraquinone and steroids/triterpenes that are responsible for its antibacterial, antifungal, wound healing, anti-venom, and other pharmacological activities which when extracted, purified and isolated could be used in the development of new drugs for livestock management.
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