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2016 | 45 | 2 | 276-291
Article title

The Impact of Economic Sanctions on Corruption in Target Countries: A Cross Country Study

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EN
Abstracts
EN
Using a sample of 73 sanctioned and 60 non-sanctioned countries, as well as corruption data spanning the years 1995 to 2012, we attempt to find a relationship between economic sanctions and corruption in target countries . Our findings suggest that countries that have undergone economic sanctions appear to be more corrupt than non-sanctioned countries. We also find that comprehensive economic sanctions tend to generate more corruption than partial sanctions. In this study, we run a regression to determine a linear relationship between corruption as the dependent variable and a number of independent variables, to include economic sanctions, the origin of legal system, the percentage of Protestant population, democracy, and economic development.
Year
Volume
45
Issue
2
Pages
276-291
Physical description
Contributors
  • Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran
  • Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran
  • Faculty of Management and Accounting, Farabi College, University of Tehran, Iran, jandaghi@ut.ac.ir
References
  • [1] Ades, Alberto& Di Tella, Rafael, (1999), “ Rents, Competition, and Corruption”, The American Economic Review, Volume 89, Issue 4, pp. 982-993.
  • [2] Dashti-Gibson, Jaleh& Davis, Patricia& Radcliff, Benjamin, (1997), “ On the Determinants of the Success of Economic Sanctions: An Empirical Analysis”, American Journal of Political Science, Volume41, Issue2, pp. 608-618.
  • [3] Davis, Lance& Engerman, Stanley, (2003), “History Lessons Sanctions: Neither War nor Peace”, Economic Perspectives, Volume 17, Number 2, pp. 187-197.
  • [4] Drezner, Daniel W, (2011), “Sanctions Sometimes Smart: Targeted Sanctions in Theory and Practice“, International Studies Review 13, pp. 96-108.
  • [5] Galtung, Johan, (1967),“ On the Effect of International Economic Sanctions: With Examples from the Case of Rhodesia” World Politics, Volume 19, Issue 3, pp. 378-416.
  • [6] Hufbauer, Gary Clyde& Jeffrey Schott7 Kimberly Ann Elliott & Barbara Oeg, (2008), “Economic Sanctions Reconsidered”, Institute for International Economics.
  • [7] Goel, Rajeev K. & Nelson, Michael A., (2004), “Economic Freedom versus Political Freedom: Cross-Country Influences on Corruption”, Australian Economic Papers, 2005
  • [8] Gordon, Joy, (2010), “Invisible War: The United States and the Iraq Sanctions”, Harvard University Press.
  • [9] Hufbauer, Gary Clyde & Oegg, Barbara (2003) "Economic Sanctions: Public Goals and Private Compensation," Chicago Journal of International Law, Vol. 4: No. 2, Article 6.
  • [10] La Porta, Rafael et al., (1999), “ The Quality of Governmen”, Law, Economics & Organization, Volume 15, No. 1.
  • [11] Lambsdorff, Johann, (1999),“The Transparency International Corruption Perceptions Index 1999, Framework Document” Available at: https://www.transparency.org/files/content/tool/1999_CPI_Framework_EN.pdf
  • [12] Lambsdorff, Johann (2008), “The Methodology of the Corruption Perceptions Index 2008”, Available at: http://www.transparency.org/files/content/tool/2008_CPI_LongMethodology_EN.pdf
  • [13] Lektzian, David & Souva, Mark, (2007), “An Institutional Theory of Sanctions Onset and Success” Conflict Resolution, Volume 51 Number 6, pp. 848-871
  • [14] Nooruddin, Irfan, (2002), “ Modeling Selection Bias in Studies of Sanctions Efficacy”, International Interactions, 28, pp. 59-75.
  • [15] Pape, Robert A, (1997), “Why Economic Sanctions Do Not Work”, International Security, Volume 22(2), pp. 90-136.
  • [16] Security Council Report, Special Research Report, (2013). “UN Sanctions”, available at: http://www.securitycouncilreport.org/atf/cf/%7B65BFCF9B-6D27-4E9C-8CD3-CF6E4FF96FF9%7D/special_research_report_sanctions_2013.pdf
  • [17] Serra, Danila, (2006), “Empirical determinants of corruption: A sensitivity analysis”, Public Choice (2006) 126: pp. 225-256
  • [18] Transparency International (2016), http://www.transparency.org/what-is-corruption/#define
  • [19] Treisman, Daniel, (2000), “The causes of corruption: a cross-national study”, Public Economics 76 (2000), pp. 399-457.
  • [20] Tsebelis, George, (1990), “Are Sanctions Effective? A Game-Theoretic Analysis”, Conflict Resolution, Vol. 34, No. 1 (Mar., 1990), pp. 3-28.
Document Type
article
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.psjd-a22cbc5d-c27d-4f2a-b98b-4df6a21a6f98
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