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2016 | 70 | 298–303
Article title

Histamina w serach – potencjalne zagrożenie?

Title variants
Histamine in cheeses – a potential danger?
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Cheeses are complex products with high content of fat, protein and other inorganic compounds. It is a food product, which may differ because of their origin, the manufacturing conditions, the microbiological flora and enzymatic activity. All these parameters can affect the efficiency analysis, which in turn may constitute an impediment to the determination of the cheese histamine concentration. The main factors influencing the formation of biogenic amines, including histamine, are: bacteria presence (LAB), starter cultures, the availability of free amino acids, a cheese puberty, a proteolytic activity, pH, temperature and the concentration of NaCl. The comparison of the relationship between the negative effects and the content of amines in food showed no dependency. It can be assumed that the histamine content higher than 100 mg/kg in food products is not recommended. Thanks to strict technological regimes – during food production – the frequency of a histamine food poisoning (resulting from bacterial contamination) is sporadic.
Sery należą do produktów o wysokiej zawartości tłuszczu, białka i innych związków nieorganicznych. Są wyrobem spożywczym, który może różnić się jednostkowo w zależności od swojego pochodzenia, warunków wytwarzania, flory mikrobiologicznej i aktywności enzymatycznej. Wszystkie te parametry mogą oddziaływać na skuteczność analityczną, w konsekwencji stanowiąc utrudnienie w oznaczaniu stężenia histaminy w serach. Do głównych czynników wpływających na powstawanie w produktach spożywczych amin biogennych, w tym histaminy, należą: obecność bakterii (LAB), kultury starterowe, dostępność wolnych aminokwasów, okres dojrzewania sera, aktywność proteolityczna, pH, temperatura i stężenie NaCl. Nie wykazano korelacji pomiędzy niekorzystnymi skutkami a zawartością amin w żywności. Można przypuszczać, że stężenie histaminy powyżej 100 mg/kg w produktach spożywczych nie jest zalecane. Dzięki ścisłym reżimom technologicznym podczas produkcji żywności częstość zatruć pokarmowych histaminą, wynikających z zanieczyszczeń bakteryjnych, jest sporadyczna.
Physical description
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