PL EN


Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
2021 | 35 | 83-101
Article title

Vegetative Propagation: A Unique Technique of Improving Plants Growth

Content
Title variants
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
Vegetative propagation is any form of asexual reproduction occurring in plants in which a new plant grows from a fragment of the parent plant. Different methods of propagation can be used for plants because they respond differently. Based on plant growing uniformly, increasing the production of these plants, their resistance to pest and diseases, early bearing of fruits and having some certain traits in the new generated plants, various techniques of propagation have been designed for it. Plants can be propagated through sexual and asexual methods. Sexual one involves the use of seeds while asexual involves the vegetative parts of plant in raising new ones. The parts of the stem cutting mostly used are leaves, root, stems and terminal bud, due their simplicity. There are various trees on which stem cuttings can be done based on their maturity. It can be done on either herbaceous, hardwood, softwood or semi-hardwood due to their convenience and the stem cuttings of some more difficult to root than others. Asexual propagation involves stem cuttings, air layering, grafting, budding and micro propagation. Adoption of these forms of vegetative propagation has increased over the years and different species have been propagated through each of these methods with various degree of success. This paper aims at reviewing various techniques in propagating plant species.
Keywords
Discipline
Year
Volume
35
Pages
83-101
Physical description
Contributors
author
  • Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria, P.M.B. 5054, Jericho Hills, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria
author
  • Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria, P.M.B. 5054, Jericho Hills, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria
author
  • Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria, P.M.B. 5054, Jericho Hills, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria
author
  • Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria, P.M.B. 5054, Jericho Hills, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria
  • Derived Guinea Savannah Research Station Ogbomosho, Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria
References
  • [1] Birget Philip L. G., Repton Charlotte, O'Donnell Aidan J., Schneider Petra, and Reece Sarah E. 2017. Phenotypic plasticity in reproductive effort: malaria parasites respond to resource availability. Proc Biol Sci. 2017 Aug 16; 284 (1860): 20171229. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2017.1229
  • [2] Santoso, B.B. & Parwata, I.G.M.A. Seedling Growth from Stem Cutting with Different Physiological Ages of Jatropha curcas L. of West Nusa Tenggara Genotypes. International Journal of Applied Science and Technology 4 (2014) 5-10
  • [3] Bonga, J.M. Vegetative Propagation in relation to Juvenility, Maturity and Rejuvenation. Tissue culture in Forestry. Forestry Sciences. 5. Springer, Dordrecht. (1982) 387-412. Doi: 10: 1007/978-94-017-3538-4_13
  • [4] Beltrati C.M. & Paoli A.A.S. Seed in: Plant Anatomy, Apezzato-da-glória, B. and S. M. Carmello-Guerreiro (Eds.). Universidade Federal de Viçosa, (2003) 399-424. Doi:ijb.2008.303.308
  • [5] Fenner, M. Seed size and chemical composition: the allocation of minerals to seeds and their use in early seedling growth. Botanical Journal of Scotland 56 (2004) 163-173. doi: 10.1080/03746600408685076.
  • [6] Mng’omba, S.A. Development of clonal propagation protocols for Uapaca kirkiana and Pappea capensis, two southern African trees with economic potential. University of Pretoria, South Africa, (2007) 195
  • [7] Martínez-Andújar C. and Nonogakim H. Seed germination. Access Science (2018). https://doi.org/10.1036/1097-8542.900110
  • [8] Awotedu, B.F. Awotedu, O.L. Majolagbe, M.O. Ariwoola, O.S., and Chukwudebe, E. P. Assessing the early growth and biomass yield of four accessions of Dialium guineense L. wild seeds. World Scientific News 146 (2020) 170-183
  • [9] Bewley, J.D. Seed germination and dormancy. Plant Cell 9 (1997a) 1055-1066
  • [10] Baskin, J.M, Baskin, C.C. A classification system for seed dormancy. Seed Science Research 14 (2004) 1-16
  • [11] Fenner, M., Thompson, K. The ecology of seeds. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press (2005).
  • [12] Kaul, R.N. and Manohar, M.S. Germination studies on arid zone tree seeds I. Acacia Senegal Wild. Indian For. 32 (1996) 499-503.
  • [13] Delwaulle, J.C. Forest plantations in dry tropical Africa. Revue Bois et Foret des Tropiques 187 (1979) 117-144
  • [14] Clemens, J., Jones, P.G., & Gilbert, N.H. Effect of seed treatments on germination in Acacia. Aust. J. Bot. 25 (1977) 269-276
  • [15] Moffett, A.A. Differential germination in the black wattle (Acacia mollissima Wild.) Caused by seed treatment. Rep. Wattle Research Institute S. Africa. 52 (1952) 39-50
  • [16] Bewley, J.D, & Black, M. Physiological and Biochemistry of Seeds in Relation to Germination (Vol 1) Development, Germination, and Growth, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Germany 306 (1983)
  • [17] Nwoboshi L.C. Tropical Silviculture Principles and Techniques. Ibadan University Press Publishing House, Ibadan, Nigeria (1982) 330-333
  • [18] Yanlong H., Mantang W., Shujun W., Yanhui Z., Tao M., and Guozhen D. (2007). Seed Size Effect on Seedling Growth under Different Light Conditions in the Clonal Herb Ligularia virgaurea in Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 27: 3091-3108. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1872-2032(07)60063-8
  • [19] Murali K.S. Patterns of Seed Size, Germination and Seed Viability of tropical Tree Species in Southern India. Biotropica, 29(3) (1997) 271-279. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-7429.1997.tb00428.x
  • [20] Silveira F.A.O., Negreiros D., Araújo L.M., and Fernandes G.W. Does Seed Germination Contribute to Ecological Breadth and Geographic Range? A Test with Sympatric Diplusodon (Lythraceae) Species from Rupestrian Fields. Plant Species Biology, 27 (2012) 170-173. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1442-1984.2011.00342.x
  • [21] Berjak, P., & Pammenter, N.W. Recalcitrant seeds. In: Benech-Arnold R. L, Sánchez R. A (Eds) Handbook of Seed Physiology, Application to Agriculture. The Haworth Press, Inc, NY, USA (2004) 305-345.
  • [22] McDonald, M.B. Orthodox seed deterioration and its repair. In: Benech-Arnold R. L, Sánchez RA (Eds) Handbook of Seed Physiology, Application to Agriculture, Haworth Press, Inc, NY, USA, (2004) 273-298
  • [23] Wiesman Z, and Jaenicke H. Introduction to vegetative tree propagation: concepts and principles. In: Jaenicke H, and Beniest J (eds): Vegetative Tree Propagation in Agroforestry: Training Guidelines and References. (2002) 148. International Centre for Research in Agroforestry (ICRAF), Nairobi, Kenya. ISBN-10: 92-9059-143-9. ISBN-13:978-92-9059-143-6
  • [24] Kamaluddin, M. Clonal propagation of Eucalyptus and Acacia hybrid by stem cuttings (research report). Dhaka, Bangladesh: Bangladesh Agricultural Research Council (1996).
  • [25] Longman K.A. Rooting Cuttings of Tropical Trees: Tropical Trees: Propagation and Planting Manuals. 1(1993)138. Illustrated by Wilson RHF. Commonwealth Science Council, London, UK ISBN-10: 0-85092-394-8. ISBN-13: 978-0-85092-394-0
  • [26] Libby W.J. Potential of clonal forestry. In: Zsuffa L, Rauter RM, and Yeatman CV (eds): Clonal Forestry: its Impact on Tree Improvement and our Future Forests: Proceedings of the 19th Meeting Canadian Tree Improvement Association, 2(1) (1985) 11: 235. Canadian Forestry Service, Ottawa, Canada. ISBN-10: 0-662-13881-3. ISBN-13: 978-0-662-13881-5
  • [27] Assogbadjo, A.E., Sinsin, B., De Caluwe, E., and Van Damme, P. (2009). Développement et domestication du baobab au Bénin. LEAFSA— UAC / DADOBAT, Cotonou, Bénin. 73p. ISBN: 978-99919-63-69-3
  • [28] Leakey, R.R.B. Physiology of vegetative reproduction. In: Burley, Jeffrey, Evans, Julian, and Youngquist, J. A. (Eds) Encyclopaedia of Forest Sciences (1st Edition) (2004) 1655-1668. Academic Press, London.
  • [29] Dubois, L.A., and De Vries, D.P. Variation in adventitious root formation of softwood cuttings of Rosa chinensis minima (Sims) Voss cultivars. Scientia Horticulturae, 47(3-4) (1991) 345-349. doi: 10.1016/0304-4238(91)90018-T
  • [30] de Klerk, GJ., van der Krieken, W. & de Jong, J.C. Review the formation of adventitious roots: New concepts, new possibilities. In Vitro Cell. Dev. Biol.-Plant 35, 189-199 (1999). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11627-999-0076-z
  • [31] Hartmann, H.T., Kester, D.E., Davies, F.T., & Geneve, R.L. Plant propagation principles and practices. Prentice Hall ENG. Cliff, New Jersey 07632 (2002).
  • [32] Greenwood, M.S., and Hutchison, K.W. Maturation as a developmental process. In Clonal Forestry 1 (1993) 14-33. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
  • [33] Benita Abucejo. A list of plants easily propagated from softwood cuttings. Seasonal Preference (2020) https://seasonalpreferences.com/plants-propagated-from-softwood-cuttings/
  • [34] Roots of Peace (USAID). Vegetative propagation techniques perrenial crop support series Jalalabad, Afghanistan (2007) Publication No. 2007-003-AFG.
  • [35] Gorelick R. Why vegetative propagation of leaf cuttings is possible in succulent and semi-succulent plants. Haseltonia 20 (2015) 51-57
  • [36] Hagemann A. Untersuchungen an Blattstecklingen. Gartenbauwiss 6 (1932) 69-195
  • [37] Kerner von Marilaun A, Oliver FW The natural history of plants: their forms, growth, reproduction, and distribution. 2 (1902). The history of plants. Blackie & Son, London, UK
  • [38] Baldwin D.L. (2013) Succulents simplified: growing, designing and crafting with 100 easy care varieties. Timber Press Inc., Portland, London, UK
  • [39] Raisa Aone, M. Cabahug, Sang Yong Nam, Ki-Byung Lim, Jae Kyung Jeon, and Yoon-Jung Hwang Propagation Techniques for Ornamental Succulents Flower Res. J. 26(3) (2018) 90-101 DOI https://doi.org/10.11623/frj.2018.26.3.02
  • [40] Hartmann, H.T., Kester, D.E. Plant Propagation: Principles and Practices, Prentice-Hall, Inc., Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, USA. 4th edition. (1983) 727. ISBN-10: 0-13-681007-1. ISBN-13: 978-0-13-681007-0.
  • [41] Kampf, A.N. The substrate Commercial production of ornamental plants. Guaba: Agriculture, 2000, 254.
  • [42] Osaigbovo A.U., Orhue E.R. Effect of potting media and watering frequencies on the growth of paper fruit (Dennetia tripetala) seedlings. Bay Journal of Pure Applied Science 2012; 5(2): 73-78
  • [43] Sardoei A.S., Fahraji S.S., Ghasemi H. Effects of different growing media on growth and flowering of zinnia (Zinnia elegans). International Journal of Advanced Biological and Biomedical Research. 2(6) (2014)1894-1899.
  • [44] Leconte, M.C., Mazzarino, M.J., Satti, P., Lglesias, M.C., & Laos, F. Co-Composting Rice Hull and/or Sawdust with Poultry Manure in NE Argentina. Waste Management, 29(2009) 2446-2453. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2009.04.006
  • [45] Garner, E. Sawdust as a Mulch and Soil Amendment for Rhododendrons and Azaleas. A. N. Roberts, & A. R. S. Bulletin (Eds.), Journal American Rhododendron Society 5 (2014) 58
  • [46] Parry, M.L. (Ed.) Climate Change. Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability: Working Group II Contribution to the Fourth Assessment Report of the IPCC (Vol. 4). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (2007).
  • [47] Okalebo, J.R., Gathua, K.W., & Woomer, P.L. Laboratory Methods of Soil and Plants Analysis: A Working Manual (2nd Ed.). Nairobi: SACRET Africa (2002).
  • [48] Okalebo, J.R., Othieno, C.O., Woomer, P.L. et al. Available technologies to replenish soil fertility in East Africa. Nutr Cycl Agroecosyst 76, 153-170 (2006). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10705-005-7126-7
  • [49] Evans, J. Plantation Forestry (3rd Ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press (1983).
  • [50] Pennington, J.A., VanDevender, K., & Jennings, J.A. Nutrient and Fertilizer Value of Dairy Manure. Fayetteville: University of Arkansas (2009).
  • [51] Peck, K. Peat moss and peats. Hummert's Quarterly 8(3) (1984) 1, 4-5
  • [52] Mastalerz, J.W. The greenhouse environment. New York: John Wiley and Sons. (1977) 629
  • [53] Ward, J., Bragg, N.C., & Chambers, B.J. Peat-based composts: their properties defined and modified to your needs. International Plant Propagators' Society Combined Proceedings 36 (1987) 288-292
  • [54] Bunt, A.C. Media and mixes for container-grown plants. Boston: Unwin Hyman. (1988) 309
  • [55] Mohammed Aktar Hossain, Mohammed Ashraful Islam, Mohammed Abul Kalam Azad, Mohammad Mahfuzur Rahman, Wahhida Shumi and Nor Aini Abdul Shukor. Propagation of an Endangered Gymnosperm Tree Species (Podocarpus neriifolius D. Don.) by Stem Cuttings in Non-mist Propagator Pertanika J. Trop. Agric. Sc. 42 (1) (2019) 237-250
  • [56] Anita Tomar. Impact of seasonal changes on air layering and rooting hormone in Spondias pinnata (J. Koenig ex L. f.) Kurz. Tropical Plant Research 3(1) (2016) 131-135
  • [57] Deependra Yadav and S.P. Singh. Vegetative methods of plant propagation: I- cutting layering and budding. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry 7(2) (2018) 3267-3273
  • [58] Yeoman M.M. and Brown R. Implacations of the formation of the graft union for organisation in the intact plant. Ann. Bot. 40 (1976) 1265-1276
  • [59] Yeoman M.M., Kilpatrick D.C., Miedzybrodzka M.B., et al. Cellular interactions during graft formation in plants: A recognition phenomenon? Symp. Soc. Exp. Biol. 32 (1978) 139-160
  • [60] Wang, Y. Plant grafting and its application in biological research. Chin. Sci. Bull. 56, 3511–3517 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11434-011-4816-1
  • [61] Akin-Idowu, P.E. Ibitoye, D.O. and Ademoyegun, O.T. Tissue culture as a plant production technique for horticultural crops. African Journal of Biotechnology 8(16), (2009) 3782-3788
Document Type
article
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.psjd-9f66152b-4a17-4435-afe7-df46073b852e
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.