Influence of Deforestation in Borgu Local Government Area of Niger State, Nigeria
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There are ample facts that the whole world is facing an ecological crisis by reason of heavy deforestation. Thus, this study assesses the influence of deforestation in some selected villages in Borgu Local Government Area, Niger State. Data were collected from members of the community using a set of structured questionnaire. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics such as percentages and frequency count. Findings revealed that the major occupation is trading (33.3%), followed by farming (30%). The causes of deforestation in the study area includes the following; fuelwood removal (31.7%), urbanization (25.0), logging (20.0%), subsistence farming (15.8%), population growth and overpopulation (3.3%), commercial farming (2.5%) and Inequitable distribution of wealth and power (1.7%). Global warming (31.7%) was the major effect of deforestation in the study area, followed by soil erosion (24.2%). Encouragement of agroforestry practices (30.8%) was seen as the major strategy for reducing deforestation by the respondents, others includes; afforestation (27.5%), public enlightenment (13.3%), enforcement of forest land and policy (12.5%), forest education (8.3%), forest conservation and preservation (7.5%).
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