Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
2016 | 57 | 576-586
Article title

The dilemmas associated with defining the area and scope of research in the light of the author’s own studies on the issues of hygiene in the Second Polish Republic

Title variants
Languages of publication
The dilemmas associated with defining the area and scope of research are intrinsic components of any scientific studies. The present work should be recognized as a theoretical study where the author’s own methodological dilemmas concerning studies on hygiene in the Second Polish Republic are presented. The decision to analyse them in this article was prompted by the fact several interesting dilemmas concerned the examined issue have been found in the course of my study. All the discussed dilemma should be associated with the multifactorial nature of hygiene. This aspect has created serious difficulties in defining boundaries between both individual aspects of hygiene as well as between hygiene and other medical disciplines. This resulted with problems in dividing the thesis into individual sections in such a way it could reflect all multifactoral aspects of hygiene. Additionally, the difficulties associated with determining the scope of hygiene perceived as a medical discipline arose. It was fundamental issue because there was a need to determine the clear boundary between the area covered by hygiene and other medical issues which should not fall within the scope of my research on hygiene.
Physical description
  • The Institute of History and International Relations, Siedlce University of Natural Sciences and Humanities, 2 Konarskiego Str., 08-110 Siedlce, Poland
  • [1] Adrian in’t Groen, Henk Jan de Jonge, Eduard Klasen, Hilje Papma and Piet van Slooten (eds.). Knowledge in Ferment: Dilemmas in Science, Scholarhip and Society. Amsterdam: Leiden University Press.
  • [2] Brooker, Chris (ed.). Churchill Livingstone Medical Dictionary (16th edition). Edinburgh/London/New York/Oxford/Philadelphia/St Louis/Sydney/Toronto: Churchill Livingstone Elsevier 2008.
  • [3] Curtis, Valerie A. A natural history of hygiene. Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseas and Medical Microbiology 18(1) (2007)11-14.
  • [4] Duranti, Alessandro, Linguistic Anthropology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 1997.
  • [5] Faria, Miguel. Medical History – Hygiene and Sanitation. Medical Sentinel, no. 7(4) (2002), Hacienda Publishing.
  • [6] Gardiner, Kerry and Harrington, J. Malcolm. Occupational Hygiene (3rd edition). Malden/Oxford/Carlton: Blackwell Publishing 2005: 4.
  • [7] Hill, V. Archibald. The Ethical Dilemma of Science and Other Writings. London: Beaverbrook Newspapers Limited, 1962.
  • [8] Jablonowski, Mark. Risk Dilemmas. Forced Choices and Survival. New York: Palgrave Macmillan 2007.
  • [9] Kacprzak, Marcin. Higiena ogólna (Eng. General Hygiene), Warsaw 1961.
  • [10] Khai Lin Huang, G. Andrew J. Stewardson, and M. Lindsay Grayson. Back to Basics. Hand Hygiene and Isolation. Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases 27(4) (2014) 379-389.
  • [11] Macmillan English dictionary for advanced learners. (2002). Oxford: Macmillan Education.
  • [12] Paulsen, Peter. A. Bauer, M. Vodnansky, R. Winkelmayer and F.J.M. Smulders (eds.) Game Meat Hygiene in Focus. Microbiology, Epidemiology, Risk Analysis and Quality Assurance. Wageningen: Wageningen Academic Publishers 2011.
  • [13] Pilch, Tadeusz. Zasady badań pedagogicznych [Eng. The principles of pedagogical research], Warsaw: PWN 1995.
  • [14] Smith, Virginia. Clean. A History of Personal Hygiene and Purity. Oxford: Oxford University Press 2008.
  • [15] Sztumski, Janusz. Wstęp do metod i technik badań społecznych [Eng. An Introduction to Methods and Techniques within the Field of Social Research], Warsaw 1984.
  • [16] Szulc, Gustaw. Organizacja służby higieny w wojsku [Organization of health service in the army], „Lekarz Wojskowy” [Eng. “Military doctor”] no. 8 from 15 Aug. 1924: 688.
  • [17] Taylor, Dawn, L., Tanya M. Kahawita, Sandy Cairncross, and Jeroen H. J. Ensink. The Impact of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Interventions to Control Cholera: A Systematic Review. “PLoS One” 2015; 10 (8).
  • [18] Weindling, Paul (ed.). Healthcare in Private and Public from the Early Modern Period to 2000. London/New York: Routledge 2015.
  • [19] Weingart, Peter and Padberg, Britta (Eds.). University Experiments in Interdisciplinarity: Obstacles and Opportunities. Bielefield: ZiF 2014.
  • [20] WHO. Health topics: hygiene,, accessed on 10/10/2016.
  • [21] Wueste, E. Daniel (ed.). Professional Ethics and Social Responsibility. Boston/London: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc. 1994.
Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.