Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
2009 | 1 | 161-168
Article title

Patyna na skałach podłoża oraz blokach piramid w Giza i Abu Roasz, Egipt

Title variants
Patina present on the base rocks and blocks of the pyramids from Giza and Abu Rowash, Egypt
Languages of publication
The hill of Abu Rowash is situated on the edge of the Western Desert at the southern end of the Nile Delta about fifteen kilometers North West from Cairo where a cone-shaped pit of roughly is located. In the central part of the area, the measured diameter of the structure is up to 30 meters and the deep is up to 15 meters, respectively. Both the size and the shape of the object could indicated its impact origin.
The samples of calcareous rocks which were collected from the central part of the crater and from the base have been examined both, in the University of Science and Technology in Cracow and the Jagiellonian University laboratories.
Analyzed rock samples were classified as an organogenic micrite-sparite limestone. Some clasts commonly represented by shells from the inner walls of the crater, reflect traces of a shock wave. The another fossilized shells which are presented in the epicentral part of the crater has dark, macroscopic well-observed inclusions. The surrounding rocks of the crater have numerous fractures in the less metamorphosed layers. The border zone observed in thin sections is developed as an amorphous layer. The SEM-EDS analysis affirmed that the transparent coating is carbon (C) which is separated from the limestone by a thin layer of sulfates. A more detailed analysis of the sulfates between the calcitedolomite rock and the layer of carbon revealed the presence of the mettalic iron.
The results of the investigation confirm the hypothesis about the craters being formed as a result of an impact by some extraterrestrial matter. Patina present on the rock was probably formed during the high temperature process. The above conditions could be a result of the impact of meteorite, which contained metallic elements and high amounts of graphite.
Physical description
  • PhD student at the Faculty of Geology, Geophysics and Environmental Protection, at AGH – University of Science and Technology, Cracow, Poland
  • Bieklański A., 1994. Podstawy chemii nieorganicznej. Warszawa. 758-779.
  • Carion A., 2004. Egipt – grudzień 2004. Meteoryt. 4 (56). 20-21.
  • Folk R.L., 1959. Practical petrographic classification of limestones. Amer. Ass. Petrol. Geol. Bull., 43. 1 – 38.
  • Harrell J.A., 1992. Ancient Egyptian limestone quarries: a petrological study. Archaeometry. Oxford 34. p 195-211.
  • Lipińska J., 2003. W cieniu piramid. Wrocław. 229.
  • Lipińska J., Koziński W., 1977. Cywilizacja miedzi i kamienia. Warszawa. 296.
  • Negra M.H., Purser B.H., M’Rabet A., 1991. Permability and porosity evolution in dolomitized upper cretaceous pelagic limestone of central Tunisia. Sprc. Publs. Int. Ass. Sediment, 21. 309 – 323.
  • Pawlikowski M., Wasilewski M., 2002. Mineralogical investigation of desert patina on flint artefacts: a case study. Maditeranean Archaeology and Archaeometry, vol. 2. 23-34.
  • Said R. 1962. The geology of Egypt. Elsevier, Amsterdam N.Y., 377.
  • Szczydłowska A., 1978. Starożytny Egipt. Warszawa. 76. Meteorite Vol. 11. No. 4 Copyright 2005. Pallasite Press.
  • Vierek A., 1998., Przejawy dolomityzacji wapieni górnej jury z okolic Krakowa. Praca doktorska.
  • Wells A.F., 1984. Strukturalna chemia nieorganiczna. Warszawa. 921-966.
Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.