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2015 | 13 | 4 | 256–262
Article title

Angiogeneza w złośliwych nowotworach ginekologicznych

Content
Title variants
EN
Angiogenesis in gynecologic malignancies
Languages of publication
EN PL
Abstracts
EN
Angiogenesis is crucial for the development and progression of malignant neoplasms. In terms of molecular mechanisms leading to the development of genital malignancies, the development has contributed to improved survival of patients as a result of antiangiogenic therapy, which is targeted against the vascular endothelial growth factor. Vascular endothelial growth factor is a key promoter of angiogenesis and disease progression. Bevacizumab, a humanized anti-vascular endothelial growth factor monoclonal antibody, has shown single-agent activity in women with recurrent tumors. This article reviews the results of studies using bevacizumab in ovarian cancer, which gave rise to its registration by the European Medicines Agency in 2011 in Poland. In addition, the effects of bevacizumab in recurrent, platinum-resistant ovarian cancer (AURELIA), the drug’s safety profile (ROSIA), other routes of administration (intraperitoneal) as well as an assessment of the efficacy and safety of neoadjuvant bevacizumab (ANTHALYA) were presented. Attention was paid to the location of recurrence after treatment with bevacizumab and escape from antiangiogenic therapy and therapeutic resistance. Bevacizumab combined with chemotherapy in persistent or recurrent cervical cancer improved both – overall survival and time to progression. That has become the baseline for an open-label global safety study (CECILIA) evaluating the efficacy and complications of bevacizumab. The presented study on the use of bevacizumab in the treatment of endometrial cancer shows promising results.
PL
Angiogeneza ma kluczowe znaczenie dla powstawania i progresji nowotworów złośliwych. Postęp w rozumieniu mechanizmów molekularnych prowadzących do rozwoju nowotworów narządu rodnego przyczynił się do poprawy przeżycia chorych dzięki wdrażaniu leczenia antyangiogennego – skierowanego przeciwko naczyniowośródbłonkowemu czynnikowi wzrostu. W artykule dokonano przeglądu wyników badań nad stosowaniem bewacyzumabu w raku jajnika, które dały podstawę do zarejestrowania leku przez European Medicines Agency w 2011 roku. Ponadto przedstawiono efekty przyjmowania bewacyzumabu w nawrotowym platynoopornym raku jajnika (badanie AURELIA), profil bezpieczeństwa leku (ROSIA) oraz inną, dootrzewnową drogę jego podania. Omówiono także badanie ANTHALYA – próbę zastosowania bewacyzumabu w terapii neoadiuwantowej. Zwrócono uwagę zarówno na lokalizację nawrotów po leczeniu bewacyzumabem, jak i na oporność terapeutyczną oraz ucieczkę przed terapią antyangiogenną. Bewacyzumab stosowany w przetrwałym lub nawrotowym raku szyjki macicy wraz z chemioterapią wydłużał nie tylko całkowite przeżycie, lecz także czas do progresji. Dało to podstawę do rozpoczęcia międzynarodowego badania CECILIA, oceniającego efektywność leczenia i powikłania mu towarzyszące. Prezentowane badania nad zastosowaniem bewacyzumabu w leczeniu raka endometrium przynoszą obiecujące wyniki.
Discipline
Publisher

Year
Volume
13
Issue
4
Pages
256–262
Physical description
Contributors
  • Department of Perinatology and Women’s Diseases, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland. Head of the Department: Professor Krzysztof Drews, MD, PhD
  • Department of Oncology, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland. Head of the Department: Professor Rodryg Ramlau, MD, PhD
  • Roche Poska, Warsaw, Poland
author
  • Roche Poska, Warsaw, Poland
  • Department of Oncology, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland. Head of the Department: Professor Rodryg Ramlau, MD, PhD
References
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Document Type
review
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.psjd-97a614d2-b8f2-451f-830a-f26e6a717114
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