Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
2020 | 144 | 13-29
Article title

Wheat seedlings as affected by Mg(NO3)2 and ZnSO4 priming treatments

Title variants
Languages of publication
Seed is the most crucial and prime input in agriculture, and the seed must be of high quality. Seed priming is one of the reliable and cost-effective strategies to enhance seed germination and seedling establishment in crops. This study was conducted to determine the effects of seed priming with Mg(NO3)2 (S1) and ZnSO4 (S2) in two wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) varieties (HUW-468 and HUW-510) on germination and seedling growth. Varied levels of Mg(NO3)2 and ZnSO4 from C0 to C11 were used for the present study and number of seed germinated, seedling establishment and biochemical parameters were recorded. From the study of germination %, mean germination time (MGT), mean germination rate (MGR), coefficient of velocity of germination (CVG), germination rate index (GRI) (% / day), germination index (GI), seedling vigor (SV), shoot, root and seedling length, α-amylase activity, soluble and insoluble sugar content and protein content, it was revealed that 7.5 mM of Mg(NO3)2 and 0.05 mM of ZnSO4 were the best treatments in improving seedling establishment, performance and biochemical status of wheat seed. Further, this analysis also reveals a strong correlation between the seedling establishment and the activity of -amylase and protein content.
Physical description
  • Seed Priming Laboratory, Department of Plant Physiology, Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 221005, India
  • Seed Priming Laboratory, Department of Plant Physiology, Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 221005, India
  • [1] M. Reynolds, D. Bonnett, S.C. Chapman, R.T. Furbank, Y. Manès, D. E. Mather, M. A. Parry, Raising yield potential of wheat. I. Overview of a consortium approach and breeding strategies. Journal of Experimental Botany 62(2) (2011) 439-452
  • [2] Sadeghian, S.Y., Yavari, N., Effect of water‐deficit stress on germination and early seedling growth in sugar beet. Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science, 190(2) (2004) 138-144
  • [3] Soltani, A., Gholipoor, M., Zeinali E., Seed reserve utilization and seedling growth of wheat as affected by drought and salinity. Environmental and Experimental Botany 55 (2006) 195-200
  • [4] C. S. Vibhuti, K. Bargali, and S. S. Bargali. Seed germination and seedling growth parameters of rice (Oryza sativa L.) varieties as affected by salt and water stress. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 85 (2015)102-108
  • [5] A. G. Taylor, P. S. Allen, M. A. Bennett, K. J. Bradford, J. S. Burris, and M. K. Misra. Seed enhancements. Seed Science Research, 8(2) (1998) 245-256
  • [6] S. Paparella, S. S. Araújo, G. Rossi, M. Wijayasinghe, D. Carbonera, and A. Balestrazzi. Seed priming: state of the art and new perspectives. Plant Cell Reports, 34 (2015) 1281-1293
  • [7] B. Bose, M. Kumar, R. K. Singhal, and S. Mondal. Impact of Seed Priming on the Modulation of Physico-chemical and Molecular Processes During Germination, Growth, and Development of Crops. In Advances in Seed Priming. Springer, Singapore, (2018) pp. 23-40.
  • [8] M. K. Sharma, and B. Bose. Effect of seed hardening with nitrate salts on seedling emergence, plant growth and nitrate assimilation of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Physiol. Mol. Biol. Plants 12 (2006) 173-176
  • [9] S. A. Anaytullah, and B. Bose. Nitrate hardened seed increase germination, amylase activity and proline content in wheat seedling at low temperature. Physiol. Mol. Biol. Plants 13 (2007) 61-163
  • [10] B. Bose, R. Kumar, S.K. Kuril, A.K. Shrivastava. Hardening of mustard seeds with magnesium nitrate increases seed germination, vegetative growth, nitrogen assimilation and yield. Brassica 9 (2007) 33-38
  • [11] M. Al-Mudaris. Notes on various parameters recording the speed of seed germination. Der Tropenlandwirt, 99 (1998) 147-154
  • [12] M. A. Ranal, D. G. D Santana, W. R. Ferreira, and C. Mendes-Rodrigues. Calculating germination measurements and organizing spreadsheets. Brazilian Journal of Botany, 32 (2009) 849-855
  • [13] M. Goodi, F. and Sharifzadeh. Evaluation effect of hydropriming in barley difference cultivars. Mag Biaban. 11 (2006) 99-109
  • [14] P. Bernfeld. Amylases alpha and beta. Meth Enzymoogy. 1 (1955) 149
  • [15] M. Dubois, K.A. Gilles, J. K. Hamilton, P. A. Rebers, and F. Smith. Colorimetric method for determination of sugars and related substances. Anal. Chem. 28 (1956) 350-356
  • [16] M. Kumar, B. Pant, S. Mondal, and B. Bose. Hydro and halo priming: influenced germination responses in wheat Var-HUW-468 under heavy metal stress. Acta Physiol Plant 38, 217 (2016).
  • [17] B. Bose, H. S. Srivastava, S. N. Mathur. Effect of some nitrogenous salts on nitrogen transfer and protease activity in germinating Zea mays L. seeds. Biol Plant 24, 89 (1982).
  • [18] A. Rehman, M. Farooq, R. Ahmad, and S. M. A. Basra. 2015. Seed priming with zinc improves the germination and early seedling growth of wheat. Seed Science and Technology 43(2) (2015) 262-268
  • [19] R.K. Singhal, V. Kumar, and B. Bose. Improving the yield and yield attributes in wheat crop using seed priming under drought stress. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry 8(2) (2019) 214-220
Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.