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2017 | 71 | 182-190
Article title

Comparing avifaunal diversity around Pench Tiger Reserve, Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh

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EN
Abstracts
EN
Large tracts of natural habitat are being readily replaced by urban sprawl worldwide. We have limited knowledge about the anthropogenic activities on native species in these ecological regions. Human intervention has led to conversion of much of the global diversity by means of habitat alterations. Our conservation methods are also suffering from those superficial strategies. The present study was carried out to investigate the importance of habitat heterogeneity for the diversity, distribution and abundance of avifauna in and around Pench Tiger Reserve. In February 2014, a total of 79 bird species were recorded during the study period, applying the modified point count method. We compared species abundance and richness in Pench Tiger Reserve, considering four zones as metacommunity. Avifaunal community was distributed among Kolitmara (Western Pench, Maharashtra), Sillari (Maharashtra), Mansinghdeo (Maharashtra) and Seoni, Pench (Madhya Pradesh). Site specific biodiversity indices reflect the occurrence pattern of avifauna. Shannon – Wiener and Species diversity Index scored highest (9.56 and 1.78 respectively) in Mansinghdeo Wildlife Sanctuary. But species dominance was found high (0.62) in and around Sillari. Study areas with dense canopy closure were found to have more habitat specialist bird species, while areas having human settlements showed more opportunistic ones. An overall negative impact of human settlements on avian diversity, distribution and abundance was evidenced from the present study but more intensive study is needed to infer on the dynamics. Moreover, intensive studies may enrich us about avian diversity and distribution pattern of the study zone.
Discipline
Year
Volume
71
Pages
182-190
Physical description
Contributors
author
  • Department of Zoology, Ecology Unit, Bangabasi College, Kolkata – 700009, India
  • Department of Zoology, Ecology Unit, Bangabasi College, Kolkata – 700009, India
References
  • [1] Abell, R.A., Olson, D.M., Dinerstein, E., Hurley, P.T., Diggs, J.T., Eichbaum, W., Watters, S., Wettengel, W., Allnutt, T., Loucks, C.J., & Hedao, P. 2000. Freshwater Ecoregions of North America, A conservation Assessment. Island Press, Washington D.C., 164 pp.
  • [2] Ali, S. 2002. The Book of Indian Birds (13th edition), Bombay Natural History, Society, Oxford University Press. 354 pp.
  • [3] Basu, S. 2012. Evaluation of Impact of Landscape changes on Large mammal Habitat in Pench Tiger Reserve, M.P, India. Ph. D.Thesis, Saurastra University, Rajkot, Gujarat, 39-43 pp.
  • [4] Brower, J.E., Zar, J.H. and Ende, C.N.V. 1998. Field and laboratory methods for general Ecology. (4th Ed.), WCB Mc. Graw- Hill, 178-186 pp.
  • [5] Goodinson, C. 2000. Limitations of the point count method for inferring stand-level species resource relationships: a sampling simulation approach. Ph.D. Thesis. University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, 67 pp.
  • [6] Grimmett, R., Inskipp C., & Inskipp, T. 1996. Pocket guide to the Birds of the Indian Subcontinent. Oxford University Press, 888 pp.
  • [7] Kinzig, A. P., Pacala, S.W. & Tilman, D. (Eds). 2001. The functional consequences of biodiversity. Princeton Univ. Press, 136 pp.
  • [8] Loreau M., Naeem, S. & Inchausti, P. (Eds). 2002. Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning: synthesis and perspectives. Oxford Univ. Press, 294 pp.
  • [9] Sutherland, W.J. 2006. Ecological Census Technique a Handbook. Cambridge University Press, NY, 342 pp.
Document Type
article
Publication order reference
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YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.psjd-9611a264-acb2-4951-9f1d-559f53e2c7ac
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