Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
2021 | 34 | 88-97
Article title

Effect of breed, parity and frequency of collection on quality and quantity of OPU derived oocytes

Title variants
Languages of publication
The aims of this study was to see the effect of breed, parity and scheme of collection on the quality and quantity of OPU derived oocytes and effect of transvaginal ultrasound guided follicular aspiration on subsequent fertility of donor cows. A total of 28 animals (11 Boran and 11 Boran Holstein-Friesian cross for once per week collection, and 7 Boran and 7 Boran Holstein-Friesian cross for twice per week collection) were used in this experiment. A total of 22 animals were evaluated for the effect of the OPU procedure on subsequent reproductive function. In 150 Ovum Pick up sessions, irrespective of collection scheme, breed and parity, 1124 follicle (554 in Boran and 570 in HF crosses) were punctured with a recovery rate of 51.1% in Boran and 48.6% in the crosses. Relatively more follicles were aspirated in crosses compared to Borans although the difference in oocyte recovery rate and quality were not statistically significant. Overall recovery rate was 57.7% in heifers and 42% in cows. Frequency of aspiration significantly influenced (P<0.05) oocyte recovery rate with more follicles aspirated in Once per week per session compared to twice per week per session but there was no difference in the mean number of recovered oocytes. A significantly higher number of follicles were aspirated (P<0.05) and good quality oocytes were greater in heifers than cows. Different COCs quality grades were recovered from breed, parity and frequency of collection category. Overall from a total of 574 collected COCs, about 326 (57%) of the recovered COCs were of the quality grades I and II, whereas 248 (43%) were with quality grades III and IV. All 22 animals showed estrus on average after 19 days of the last OPU procedure though a relatively weaker intensity of estrus signs, irregularity of the cycle and minor ovarian morphological change were noted. Response rate to a single PGF2α treatment on 18 animals was 72% (13/18). Subsequent insemination of those in estrus resulted in 53.8% (7/13) first service conception rate. In conclusion, parity, and to some extent frequency of collection had a significant effect on the quality and quantity of oocyte but not breed. Animals at post OPU were able to continue cycling and become pregnant.
Physical description
  • Debre Zeit Agricultural Research Center, Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Bishoftu, Ethiopia
  • College of Veterinary Medicine and Agriculture, Addis Ababa University, Bishoftu, Ethiopia
  • Debre Zeit Agricultural Research Center, Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Bishoftu, Ethiopia
  • National Agricultural Biotechnology Research Center, Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Holleta, Ethiopia
  • [1] Aller, J.F., Mucci, N.C., Kaiser, G.G., Callejas, S.S. and Alberio, R.H. (2012): Effect of repeated eCG treatments and ovum pick-up on ovarian response and oocyte recovery during early pregnancy in suckling beef cows. Anim Reprod Sci. 133: 10-15
  • [2] Apimeteetumrong, M., Liengchareon, N., Thuangsanthi, A., Yiengvisavakul, V., Thijae, K. and Sumretprasong, J. (2009). Embryo production of Kao Lumpoon cattle using ovum pick-up and In vitro fertilization techniques. The 10th KKU Veterinary Annual Conference 2009. p 168-172
  • [3] Bols PEJ, Van Soom A, Ysebaert MT, Vandenheede JMM, de Kruif A. (1996): Effects of aspiration vacuum and needle diameter on cumulus oocyte complex morphology and developmental capacity of bovine oocytes. Theriogenology 45: 1001-1014
  • [4] Bols PEJ, Vandenheede JMM, Van Soom A, de Knnf A (1995). Transvagmal ovum pick-up m the cow a new drsposable needle gtndance system. Theriogenology, 43, 677-687
  • [5] Boni R, Roelofsen MWM, Pieterse MC, Kogut J, Kruip ThAM, (1997): Follicular dynamics, repeatability and predictability of follicular recruitment in cows undergoing repeated follicular puncture. Theriogenology 48, 277-289
  • [6] Galli C, Crotti G, Notari C, Turini P, Duchi R, et al. (2001): Embryo production by ovum pick up from live donors. Theriogenology 55: 1341-1357
  • [7] Gibbons JR, Beal WE, Krisher RL, Faber EG, Pearson RE, Gwazdauskas FC (1994). Effect of once versus twice weekly transvaginal follicular aspiration of bovine oocyte recovery and embryo development. Theriogenology 42: 405-19
  • [8] Hawk H.W. & Wall R.J. 1994. Improved yields of bovine blastocysts from in vitro-produced oocytes. I. Selection of oocytes and zygotes. Theriogenology 41: 1571-1583
  • [9] Laticia, B., Adona, P.R., Guemra, S., & Monzani P.S., Moysés dos Santos Miranda (2019). Ovum pick up: cow treated with single dose of follicle stimulating hormone, Journal of Agricultural Science Vol. 11, No. 10.
  • [10] Lonergan P. (1990): Factors affecting in vitro maturation and fertilization of the bovine oocyte. M.Sc. Agri. Thesis. University College Dublin, Ireland
  • [11] Lonergan P., Rizos D., Ward F. & Boland M.P. 2001. Factors influencing oocyte and embryo quality in cattle. Reproduction Nutrition and Development 41: 427-437
  • [12] Looney CR, Lindsey BR, Gonseth CL, Johnson DL. (1994): Commercial aspects of oocyte retrieval and in vitro fertilization (IVF) for embryo production in problem cows. Theriogenology 41: 67-72
  • [13] Merton JS, de Roos AP, Mullaart E, de Ruigh L, Kaal L, Vos PL, Dieleman SJ (2003): Factors affecting oocyte quality and quantity in commercial application of embryo technologies in the cattle breeding industry. Theriogenology 59(2): 651-674
  • [14] Moreno JF, Turezynski CJ, Flores-Foxworth G, Kraemer DC. (1992): Influence of parity of the donor and presence of a CL on quantity and quality of bovine oocytes from ovarian follicles aspirated post-mortem. Biol Reprod 48: 169 (abstract)
  • [15] Nandi, S., Chauhan, M. S. and Palta, P. (2000): Effect of a corpus luteum on the recovery and developmental potential of Buffalo oocyte. Veterinary Research 147: 580-581
  • [16] Niemann, H., & Wrenzycki, C. (2018): Animal Biotechnology 1: Reproductive biotechnologies. Springer.
  • [17] Petyim S, R Båge, M Forsberg, H Rodríguez-Martínez, B Larsson. Effects of repeated follicular punctures on ovarian morphology and endocrine parameters in dairy heifers. J Vet Med A Physiol Pathol Clin Med 2001 Oct; 48(8): 449-463. doi: 10.1046/j.1439-0442.2001.00375.x
  • [18] Petyim S, Båge R, Hallap T, Bergqvist A-S, Rodrı´guez- Martinez H, Larsson B, (2003). Two different schemes of twice-weekly ovum pick_up in dairy heifers: effect on oocyte recovery and ovarian function. Theriogenology 60, 175-188
  • [19] Petyim S, Båge, M. Forsberg, H. Rodriguez‐Martinez, B. Larsson. The Effect of Repeated Follicular Puncture on Ovarian Function in Dairy Heifers. Journal of Veterinary Medicine Series A Volume 47, Issue 10, December 2000, Pages 627-640.
  • [20] Pieterse MC, Vos PLAM, Kruip ThAM, Willemse AH, Taverne MAM (1991): Charactritic of bovine oestrous cycle during repeated transvaginal ultrasound guided puncturing of follicle for ovum pick up. Theriogenology 35: 401-13
  • [21] Pontes JHF, Melo Sterza FA, Basso AC, Ferreira CR, Sanches BV, Rubin KCP, Seneda MM (2011): Ovum pick-up, in vitro embryo production, and pregnancy rates from a large-scale commercial program using Nelore cattle (Bos indicus) donors. Theriogenology 75: 1640–1646
  • [22] Rizos D, Burke L, Duffy P, Wade M, Mee JF, Farrell KJO. Lonergan P (2005). Comparision between Nulliparous heifers and cows as oocyte donor for embryo production in vitro. Theriogenology 2005 Feb; 63(3): 939-949.
  • [23] Sakhong, D., Vongpralub, T., Katawatin, S. and Sirisathien, S. (2012): Effect of PMSG on ovarian follicular population in Thai Native Cattle (Bos indicus). Khon Kaen Agr J. 40 (suppl. 2): 453-457
  • [24] Simon L, Bungartz L, Rath D, and Nieman H (1993). Repeated bovine oocyte collection by means of a permanently rinsed ultrasound guided aspiration unit. Theriogenology 39: 312 (Abstract)
  • [25] Solomon Desta (2001): Cattle Population Dynamics in the Southern Ethiopian Rangelands. Research Global livestock collaborative research support program. Brief 01-02-PARIMA, December 2001
  • [26] Wildman, EE, GM Jones, PE Wagner, RI Bowman, HF Trout, and TN Lesch (1982): A dairy cow body condition scoring system and its relationship to selected production variables in high-producing Holstein dairy cattle. J. Dairy Sci. 65: 495
Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.