PL EN


Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
2016 | 44 | 112-122
Article title

Syntheses of hexafunctional epoxy resin of bisphenol-C-formaldehyde and unsaturated polyester resin for the fabrication of jute and glass hybrid composites and evaluation of mechanical, electrical and water absorption characteristic properties

Content
Title variants
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
Hexafunctional epoxy resin of bisphenol-C-formaldehyde (HEBCF) and unsaturated polyester resin of maleic anhydride and propylene glycol (PER) were synthesized and used for the preparation of jute and glass hybrid composites. The composites were prepared by hand layup followed by compression molding technique. Both types of the hybrid composites possess good mechanical properties. G-HEBCF-PER possesses almost doubled mechanical properties than J-HEBCF-PER except Barcol harness, which is comparable. G-HEBCF-PER and J-HEBCF-PER possess moderate electrical properties due to their polar nature. G-HEBCF-PER and J-HEBCF-PER possess excellent hydrolytic stability, high water absorption tendency (~ 18%) and long equilibrium time (456h) due to presence of hydrophilic hydroxyl and other polar groups in the hybrid composites. The hybrid composites may be useful for low load bearing and marine applications.
Year
Volume
44
Pages
112-122
Physical description
Contributors
  • Polymer Chemistry Division, Department of Chemistry, Saurashtra University, Rajkot - 360005, Gujarat, India
  • Polymer Chemistry Division, Department of Chemistry, Saurashtra University, Rajkot - 360005, Gujarat, India
References
  • [1] Lin C H, Wang Y R., Feng Y R., Wang MW., Juang TY. “An approach of modifying poly(aryl ether ketone) to phenol-containing poly(aryl ether) and its application in preparing high-performance epoxy thermosets.” Polymer (2013) 54: 1612-1620.
  • [2] Li T, Qiu H J, Liu Y, Zhong X H, Yu Y F, Serra A. “Hyperbranched polyester as additives in filled and unfilled epoxy-novolac systems.” Polymer (2013) 53: 5864-5872.
  • [3] Xu K., Chen M C., Zhang K, Hu J W. “Synthesis and characterization of novel epoxy resin bearing naphthyl and limonene moieties, and its cured polymer.” Polymer (2004) 45: 1133-1140.
  • [4] Muthuvel M., Ranganath G, Janarthanan K, Srinivasan K. “Characterization study of glass fiber reinforced hybrid composite material”. International Journal of Engineering Research and Technololgy (2013) 2: 335-344.
  • [5] Musto P. Martuscelli E. Ragosta, G. Mascia L. “Cure kinetics and ultimate properties of a tetrafunctional epoxy resin toughened by a perfluoro-ether oligomer”. Polymer (2001) 42: 5189-5198.
  • [6] Xie M R, Wang Z G, Zhao Y F. “Synthesis and properties of a novel, liquid, trifunctional, cycloaliphatic epoxide.” Journal of Polymer Science Part A: Polymer Chemistry (2001) 39: 2799-2804.
  • [7] Lin L L, Ho T H Wang C S. “Synthesis of novel trifunctional epoxy resins and their modification with polydimethylsiloxane for electronic application”. Polymer (1997) 38: 1997-2003.
  • [8] Wang C S, Li M C. “Synthesis and modification of a naphthalene-containing trifunctional epoxy resin for electronic applications.” Journal of Applied Polymer Science (1998) 70: 1907-1921.
  • [9] Srihari S, Revathi A and Rao RMVGK. “Hygrothermal effects on RT-cured glass-epoxy composites in immersion environments Part B: moisture absorption characteristics.” Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites (2002) 21: 993-1001.
  • [10] Ellyin F and Rohrbacher C. “Effect of aqueous environment and temperature on glass-fibre epoxy resin composites.” Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites (2000) 19: 1405-1427.
  • [11] Deng S and Ye L. “Influence of fibre-matrix adhesion on mechanical properties of graphite/epoxy composites: III. Impact on dynamic mechanical properties.” Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites (2000) 19: 689-703.
  • [12] Patel VA, Bhuva BD and Parsania PH. “Performance evaluation of treated untreated jute carbon and glass carbon hybrid composites of bisphenol-C based mixed epoxy phenolic resins.” Journal Reinforced Plastics and Composites (2009) 28: 2549-2556.
  • [13] Joshi SV, Drzal L, Mohanty A, Arora S. “Are natural fibre composites environmentally superior to glass fibre reinforced composites”. Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing. (2004) 35(3): 371-376.
  • [14] Zimmermann T, Reimann P, Thommen V, Eckstein D. “Cellulose fibrils in wood cell walls and their potential for technical applications.” Empa Activities (2006) 2007: 24.
  • [15] Mussig, J. “Industrial Applications of Natural Fibres: Structure, Properties and Technical Applications; CV Stevens; Wiley: United Kingdom”, (2010); Vol. 1, Chapter 2, 89-219.
  • [16] Vogel, AI.; Tatchell, AR.; Funis, BS.; “Hannaford, AJ.; Smith, PW G. Vogel’s Textbook of Practical Organic Chemistry, 5th Ed., Addison Wesley Longman Ltd., U. K”. (1998), 395.
  • [17] Rao MV, Rojivadia AJ; Parsania PH. and Parekh HH. “A convenient method for the preparation of bisphenols”. J. Indian Chem. Soc., (1987) 64: 758-59.
  • [18] Biro DA, McLean P, Deslandes Y. “Application of the microbond technique: Characterization of carbon fibre‐epoxy interfaces.” Polymer Engineering & Science. (1991) 31(17): 1250-1256.
  • [19] International Cast Polymer Alliance, Solid Surface Properties and Applications, ICPA, Arlington, (2003), 8 pp.
  • [20] Bao L-R, Yee AF. “Effect of temperature on moisture absorption in a bismaleimide resin and its carbon fibre composites.” Polymer (2002) 43(14): 3987-3997.
  • [21] Espert A, Vilaplana F, Karlsson S. “Comparison of water absorption in natural cellulosic fibres from wood and one-year crops in polypropylene composites and its influence on their mechanical properties.” Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing. (2004) 35(11): 1267-1276.
  • [22] Gassan J, Bledzki AK. “The influence of fibre-surface treatment on the mechanical properties of jute-polypropylene composites.” Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing. (1997); 28(12): 1001-1005.
  • [23] Collings T. “In Handbook of Polymer–Fibre Composites;” Jones FR, Ed. Longman Scientific and Technical: UK, (1994).
  • [24] Crank, J.; Park, G. S. “Diffusion in Polymers, Academic Press: New York,” (1968).
  • [25] Tyberg C, Bergeron K, Sankarapandian M, Shih P, Loos A, Dillard D, “Structure-property relationships of void-free phenolic–epoxy matrix materials.” Polymer. (2000) 41(13): 5053-5062.
Document Type
article
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.psjd-8f7afaee-1738-479a-89f4-0b29e7fe0933
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.