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2017 | 90 | 150-165
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Identification of volatile organic compound producing Lignicolous fungal cultures from Gujarat, India

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This study aims to identify the lignicolous basidiomycetes species that synthetize volatile organic compounds with potential applications in food industry, cosmetics, perfumery and agriculture. We have collected fruiting bodies from different woody plants and the lignicolous basidiomyctes species were identified by their macroscopic and microscopic characteristics. From the context of the fresh fruiting bodies small fragments of dikaryotic mycelium were extracted and inoculated on PDA and MEA media for isolation and pure cultures are kept in dark at a temperature of 25°C. 11 species of lignicolous basidiomycetes, belonging to 6 families and 5 orders were isolated in pure culture. The isolates were analyzed in vitro and the main characteristics that were observed are: the general aspect of the surface and the reverse of the colonies, the changing in colour and the growth rate of the mycelium and also the specific odour which indicates the presence of the organic volatile compounds. for the first time lignicolous fungi like Flavodon flavus (Klotz.) Ryv., Ganoderma lucidum(Curtis) P. Karst, Hexagonia apiaria (Pers.) Fr., Lenzites betulina (L.) Fr. Lenzites eximia Berk. & M.A. Curtis, Lenzites sterioides (Fr.) Ryv., Navisporus floccosus (Bres.) Ryv., Phellinus gilvus (Schwein.) Pat., and Trametes pini (Thore) Britzelm. were producing characteristic smell that indicates presence of Volatile organic compounds. For the first time from Gujarat, India the Volatile organic compound producing fungi were identified and their culture characters also described.
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  • Department of Botany, P.G. section, Andhra Loyola College, Vijayawada - 520008, Andhra Pradesh, India
  • Department of Botany, Faculty of Science, The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, Vadodara - 390002, Gujarat, India
  • St. Joseph Dental College, Dugirala, Eluru, Andhra Pradesh, India
  • St. Joseph Dental College, Dugirala, Eluru, Andhra Pradesh, India
  • St. Joseph Dental College, Dugirala, Eluru, Andhra Pradesh, India
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