PL EN


Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
2018 | 18 | 2 | 203-212
Article title

Obeche (Triplochiton scleroxylon K. Schum.): poor products development wood but good environmental tree in Nigeria

Content
Title variants
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
Obeche (Triplochiton scleroxylon K. Schum.) is a tropical large tree whose wood products either in solid or reconstituted forms are extremely vulnerable to concomitant insects attack. Although established as a successful plantation species for veneering and plywood production but noted as a good environmental tree in Nigeria. However, there is very little specific information that substantiates this potential. We report the organisms inducing biodeterioration of Obeche wood products under service and describe the characteristics of Obeche trees under environmental service between 2012 and 2016. All the 47 Obeche wood-based products (OWBPs) studied, comprising 12 beehives, 10 food canteen stalls, 10 office tables, 10 laboratory cabinets and 5 office walls were economically and dominantly co-infested by beetles and termites. Interestingly, during the four-year observation period, all the 8 life Obeche trees encountered were found to exhibit high stability with excellent resistance to hollowness and other degradative pests, even at around 2 m Diameter at Breast Height (DBH), reflecting its robust biophysical protective barrier mechanisms. Additionally, there were observations of enhanced coexistence with other tree species, including shrubs and grasses indicating a tolerance potential role at improving the relative contributions of several species (plants community) to ameliorate tropical environments.
Discipline
Publisher

Year
Volume
18
Issue
2
Pages
203-212
Physical description
Contributors
  • University of Port Harcourt, Dept. of Forestry & Wildlife Mgt., East/West Road PMB 5323, Choba, Nigeria
  • University of Port Harcourt, Dept. of Forestry & Wildlife Mgt., East/West Road PMB 5323, Choba, Nigeria
  • University of Port Harcourt, Dept. of Geography & Environmental Mgt., East/West Road PMB 5323, Choba, Nigeria
  • University of Port Harcourt, Dept. of Forestry & Wildlife Mgt., East/West Road PMB 5323, Choba, Nigeria
References
  • [1] Hall, J. B. and Bada, S. O. The distribution and ecology of Obeche (Triplochiton scleroxylon). Journal of Ecology, 67: 543-564, 1979.
  • [2] Bosu, P. P. and Krampah, E. Triplochiton scleroxylon K. Schum: In Louppe D, Oteng-Amoako AA, Brink M (Eds) Timbers/Bois d’œuvre 1 Wageningen, Netherlands, 2005
  • [3] Orimoyegun, S. O. and Kadeba, O. Potential of Obeche (Triplochiton scleroxylon K. Schum) as a leaf vegetable. Acta Horticulturae 123 (1983) 99-104. doi: 10.17660/ActaHortic.1983.123.8
  • [4] Adedeji, G. A. Survey of forest plants used for food in Imeko/Afon Local Government Area of Ogun State, Nigeria. B. Forestry Project, Department of Forestry and Wildlife Management, University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Nigeria, 51 pp, 2006.
  • [5] Ogunsanwo, O. Y. and Onilude, M. A. Specific gravity and shrinkage variation in plantation grown Obeche (Triplochiton scleroxylon K. Schum). Journal of Tropical Forest Resources, 16(1): 39-45, 2000.
  • [6] Okunomo, K. Utilisation of forest products in Nigeria. African Journal of General Agriculture, 6(3): 145-157, 2010.
  • [7] Adedeji, G. A., Aiyeloja, A. A., Larinde, S. L. and Omokhua, G. E. Effect of seasons on colonization and suitability of Triplochiton scleroxylon wood for beekeeping in Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria. Nature and Science, 12(8): 117-122, 2014.
  • [8] Aiyeloja, A. A., Adedeji, G. A. and Larinde, S. L. Influence of seasons on honeybee wooden hives attack by termites in Port Harcourt, Nigeria. International Journal of Biological Veterinary, Agricultural and Food Engineering, 8(8): 734-737, 2014.
  • [9] Vyse, A., Cleary, M. R. and Cameron, I. R. Tree species selection revisited for plantation in the Interior Cedar Hemlock zone of Southern British Columbia. The Forestry Chronicle, 89(3): 382-391, 2013.
  • [10] Lawson, S. S. and Michler, C. H. Afforestation, reforestation and regeneration – Not all trees are created equal. Journal of Forestry Research, 25(1): 3-20, 2014.
  • [11] Venturini, M., Gastaminza, G., Kespohl, S., Bernedo, N., Garmendia, M., Raulf-Heimsoth, M., Munoz, D. and Ansotegui, I. J. Cross-reactivity between Obeche (Triplochiton scleroxylon) and natural rubber latex. Allergy, 59: 225-228, 2004.
  • [12] Hannu, T., Linstrom, I., Palmroos, P., Kuuliala, O. and Sauni, R. Prediction of Obeche wood-induced asthma by specific skin prick testing. Occupational Medicine, 63(6) (2013) 429-431. doi: 10.1093/occmed/kqt050
  • [13] Krawcsyk-Szulc, P., Wiszniewska, M., Palczynski, C., Nowakowska-Swirta, E., Kozak, A. and Walusiak-Skorupa, J. Occupational asthma caused by Samba (Triplochiton scleroxylon) wood dust in a professional maker of wooden models of airplanes: A case study. International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health, 27(3): 512-519, 2014.
  • [14] Jagtab, S. S. and Alabi, R. T. Evaluation of Evapotranspiration by adjusted Penman formula with class A pan at humid and sub-humid zones of Nigeria and Republic of Benin using long term data. Proceeding of Sustain Africa, 3: 5-12, 1997.
  • [15] Adejuwon, J. O. Rainfall seasonality in the Niger Delta Belt, Nigeria. Journal of Geography and Regional Planning, 5(2) (2012) 51-60. doi: 10.5897/JGRP11.096
  • [16] Gbadegesin, A. and Olabode, M. A. Soil properties in the metropolitan region of Ibadan, Nigeria: implications for the management of urban environment of developing countries. The environmentalist, 20: 205-214, 2000.
  • [17] Ngah, S. A. and Abam, T. K. S. Shallow resistivity measurements for subsoil corrosivity evaluation in Port Harcourt Metropolis, Nigeria. International Journal of Science and Technology, 3(2): 85-91, 2014.
  • [18] Idoko, C. UNIPORT grapples with land encroachment crisis: Despite FG’s massive infrastructure development. NigerianMuse, 29 December, 2014 news article retrieved on 30 October, 2016 from http://www.nigerianmuse.com/20141229051627zg/nm-projects/higher-education-in-nigeria/uniport-grapples-with-land-encroachment-crisis-%E2%80%A2despite-fgs-massive-infrastructure-devt/ 2014.
  • [19] Logan, W. E. M. A preliminary investigation into the borer attack of Triplochiton scleroxylon in the Gold Coast. Fm Forest, 7(2): 114-116, 1946.
  • [20] Mackay, J. H. Wood borer attacking Obeche. Fm Forest, 8(2): 82-89, 1947.
  • [21] Kudler, J. Annual Report of Forest Products Research Institute, Accra. Ghana Academy of Sciences, Ghana, 1965.
  • [22] Roberts, H. Forest insects of Nigeria with notes on their biology and distribution. Commonwealth Forestry Institite Paper No. 44, 1969.
  • [23] Ashiru, M. O. A review of the insect pests and diseases in relation to phenology and distribution of Triplochiton scleroxylon K. Schum (Obeche) in West Africa. Ghana Journal of Sciences, 29/30: 71-81, 1989.
  • [24] Wagner, M. R., Cobbinah, J. R. and Bosu, P. P. Forest Entomology in West Africa: Forest Insects of Ghana. Second Edition. Springer, The Netherlands, 2007.
  • [25] Mbah, C. E. and Chagbe, S. A. Wood-boring insects from Zaria. Science World Journal, 5(3): 9-15, 2010.
  • [26] Roberts, H. Trachyostus ghanaenis Schedl (Col., Platypodidae) An ambrosia beetle attacking Wawa Triplochiton scleroxylon K. Schum. West African Timber Borer Research Unit Technology Bulletin, No 3, 1960.
  • [27] American Wood Protection Association, (AWPA). Standard method for laboratory evaluation to determine resistance to subterranean termites (E1-09). Birmingham, AL, 2012.
  • [28] Hyslop, J. A. Losses occasioned by insects, mites, and ticks in the United States. U. S. Bureau Entomology and Plant Quarantine, E-444, US, 1938.
  • [29] Kudler, J. Annual Report of Forest Products Research Institute, Accra. Ghana Academy of Sciences, Ghana, 1966.
  • [30] Browne, F. G. Pests and diseases of forest plantation trees. Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1968.
  • [31] Ashiru, M. O. Control of Eulophonotus obesus K (Lepidoptera: cossidae) a bole borer of Triplochiton scleroxylon K. Schum. Malaysia Forester, 49(2): 198-204, 1986.
  • [32] Siaw, D. E. K. A., Owusu-Prempeh, N., Asare, A., Duodu, C. and Akoto, S. A. Performance of Terminalia superba and Triplochition scleroxylon seedlings under different forest canopy. JENRM, 1(2): 98-105, 2014.
  • [33] Akanbi, M. O. Comparing two Saturniid defoliators of Holarrhena floribunda and Ekebergia senegalensis, respectively, with notes on their natural enemies. Journal of Natural History, 7(3) (1973) 307-318. doi: 10. 1080/00222937300770241
Document Type
article
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.psjd-8d0aa3ca-048b-4c8b-9b0a-82cfc9cf3e27
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.