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2020 | 28 | 131-141
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Extrapulmonary tuberculosis: An overview on infection beyond Lungs

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Extrapulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB) involves 10-15% of all tuberculosis (TB) cases. Recent statistical report showed that EPTB accounts for more than 50% of all cases of TB in HIV-positive patients. In spite of existing anti-tubercular drugs based treatment of EPTB, the ideal regimen and duration of treatment have not yet been established. In general, EPTB is a kind of TB infecting diversified tissues and organs of body other than lungs. In fact, people suffering from TB and co-infected with HIV are prone to develop EPTB much more frequently. The present chapter discusses on the general overviews of EPTB infecting distinct body sites other than lungs. Currently, the treatment of EPTB completely relies on existing anti-tubercular drugs. In addition, significant efforts, particularly close clinical monitoring would be an imperative step towards its therapeutic strategy.
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  • Department of Plant Biology and Biotechnology, Loyola College, Chennai – 600 034, Tamil Nadu, India
  • Department of Plant Biology and Biotechnology, Loyola College, Chennai – 600 034, Tamil Nadu, India
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