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2007 | 7 | 1 | 32-39
Article title

Zastosowanie przezczaszkowej stymulacji magnetycznej w psychiatrii

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Title variants
EN
Applications of transcranial magnetic stimulation in psychiatry
Languages of publication
EN PL
Abstracts
EN
Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is rapidly developing as a powerful, non-invasive tool for studying the human brain. TMS is currently a target of interest of both basic science investigators and clinicians. In this procedure a pulsed magnetic field generated extracranially induces focal intracranial electrical discharges that can temporarily excite or inhibit specific brain areas. In this way there is possible to alter the functioning of the brain beyond the time of stimulation, offering potential for therapy. TMS has been used in the investigation of neurological and neuropsychiatric disorders, and more recently has emerged as a tool in the study and treatment of depressed mood. TMS is being evaluated as a possible alternative to electroconvulsive therapy for the treatment of refractory depression. This review examines the basic principles underlying transcranial magnetic stimulation. Published studies in this field are summarized and paper reviews TMS as an investigational and treatment tool in schizophrenia, affective disorders and anxiety disorders. It concludes by discussing safety issues, limitations, and directions for future research.
PL
Przezczaszkowa stymulacja magnetyczna (transcranial magnetic stimulation; TMS) stanowi przykład szybko doskonalonej techniki służącej badaniu mózgu. Obecnie TMS jest obiektem zainteresowania zarówno badaczy zajmujących się naukami podstawowymi, jak i klinicystów. Pod wpływem TMS dochodzi do zmian czynnościowych w OUN. W zależności od stosowanej częstotliwości stymulacji jest to pobudzenie bądź hamowanie aktywności kory w stymulowanym obszarze, co znajduje zastosowanie w terapii. Skuteczność TMS w leczeniu była oceniana w badaniach nad chorobami neurologicznymi oraz neuropsychiatrycznymi, a ostatnio zwłaszcza chorobami afektywnymi. Oceniano między innymi TMS jako potencjalnie alternatywną metodę dla terapii elektrowstrząsowej w leczeniu depresji lekoopornej. W publikacji omówiono podstawy teoretyczne i techniczne stymulacji magnetycznej. Zostały także przedstawione wyniki badań nad skutecznością leczenia z wykorzystaniem TMS w schizofrenii, chorobach afektywnych i zaburzeniach lękowych. W końcowej części pracy dyskutowane są kwestie bezpieczeństwa i potencjalnych objawów niepożądanych oraz kierunki przyszłych badań.
Discipline
Year
Volume
7
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1
Pages
32-39
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References
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