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2017 | 76 | 29-34
Article title

The positivity effect in temporal comparisons

Content
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EN
Abstracts
EN
The study concerns the positivity effect in temporal comparisons involving the self (one’s view of the self in the past versus present versus future). We examined whether teenagers would perceive personal progress from the past to the future and from the present to the future. Forty eight participants (35 women) aged between 17 and 18 (M = 17.51, SD = 0.51) evaluated a set of 18 characteristics (9 positive and 9 negative). The set of traits included characteristics from the fundamental dimensions of social judgment (agency and communion) and from the dimension of morality. All participants evaluated each trait three times. They indicated the degree to which the traits described them 3 years ago, then the degree to which the traits describe them now, and the degree to which the traits will describe them in 3 years. Answers were given using a 7-point scale with endpoints of 1 (not at all), through 4 (moderately) to 7 (extremely so). The results confirmed most of our predictions and they were consistent with the theory of temporal self-appraisal [11]. In the case of positive traits on each dimension participants rated their present selves higher than their past selves, and they also rated their future selves higher than their present selves. In the case of negative traits the positivity effect occurred only for the changes that participants predicted would occur from the present to the future. More specifically, participants’ ratings of their future selves were lower than their ratings of their present selves. The results indicate that teenagers tend to rate themselves to be better and better over time (from the past to the future) and that they are particularly optimistic about their future changes.
Year
Volume
76
Pages
29-34
Physical description
Contributors
author
  • Faculty of Psychology, SWPS University of Social Sciences and Humanities, Warsaw, Poland
  • Faculty of Psychology, SWPS University of Social Sciences and Humanities, Warsaw, Poland
  • Faculty of Psychology, SWPS University of Social Sciences and Humanities, Warsaw, Poland
References
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Document Type
article
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.psjd-8600199f-5f8c-41aa-ab1e-ad9d080d79e4
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