Personality traits predicting job burnout among staff (Case Study: Central Bank of the Islamic Republic of Iran)
Languages of publication
The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of personality traits on burnout among staff at the Central Bank of the Islamic Republic of Iran. The present study is applied and survey-descriptive from aspect of aim and data collection, respectively. The statistical population of the study was all employees of the Central Bank, of which 348 persons were selected by simple random sampling method. Research tools were NEO questionnaire of personality traits, Maslach and Jackson Burnout Inventory (1981). Cronbach's alpha to evaluate the reliability of questionnaires was obtained 0.734 and 0.716, respectively. Data collected were analyzed using structural equation modeling software in Lisrel environment and regression and Pearson's correlation tests in SPSS software. The findings of the study show that there is a significant relationship between five dimensions of personality traits (neuroticism, extraversion, Experience-taking, consistency and loyalty) with burnout. The results showed that people with the neuroticism personality trait and more consistency have been more prone to job burnout. Other results also showed that the neuroticism, extraversion, consistency and loyalty personality traits are good predictors of job burnout variable.
-  Aghaei, R., Milad, A. (2013). Investigating the relationship between job burnout, citizenship behavior, organizational culture and organizational atmosphere. Journal of Governmental Management, Volume 5, Number 4: 1-18. (in Persian)
-  Alarcon, Gene, Kevin J. Eschleman and Nathan A. Bowling. (2009). Relationships between Personality Variables and Burnout: A Meta-Analysis. Work & Stress 23(3): 244-63.
-  Amiri, M. Asadi, M., and Daliri Ragheb, F. (2011). Investigating the status of job burnout among bank employees and offering strategies to improve it. Journal of Business Management, Vol. 3, No. 7, (Spring 2011): 37-56. (in Persian)
-  Asghari, M. Zakerian, S., and Monazzam, M. (2012). Examining the relationship between job satisfaction with job burnout and general health in workers of one of the automotive industry, Journal of Occupational Health and Safety, Volume 2, Issue 4. (in Persian)
-  Atashpour, H., (2014). Comparison of Characteristics of Khorasgan Azad University Branch and Malaysia University of Putra, Journal of Knowledge and Research in Applied Psychology, Vol. 15, No. 1: 81-89. (in Persian).
-  Azeem, s. m. (2010). Personality hardiness: job involvement and job burnout among teachers. International Journal of Vocational and Technical Education, 1:36-40.
-  Alarcon, Gene, Kevin J. Eschleman and Nathan A. Bowling (2009). Relationships between Personality Variables and Burnout: A Meta-Analysis. Work & Stress 23(3): 244-263. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02678370903282600
-  Brabson, H., Jones, C. and Jayaratne, S. (2001). Perceptions of Emotional Support, Burnout and Strain Among African-American Human Services Workers. Journal of Multicultural Social Work 1, 77-101
-  Babaye Khakian, Z. (2015). The relationship between alexithymia and personality traits with occupational burnout among female teachers. Modern psychological preceding studies. Year 10, No. 38. (in Persian)
-  Chung, Man Cheung and Carly Harding. (2009). Investigating Burnout and Psychological Well-Being of Staff Working with People with Intellectual Disabilities and Challenging Behaviour: The Role of Personality. Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disability 22(2001): 549-60.
-  Costa, P. T. Jr & McCrae, R.R.(1998). Normal personality assessment in clinical practice: The NEO personality Inventory. Psychological Assesment, 4(1): 5-13.
-  Daadmehr, R. (2008). Study of job burnout of female teachers of pre-university centers in Tehran in 2007-2008. Master's thesis, Tehran University, Tehran. (in Persian)
-  Davarniya, R. Shakarami, M, and Bojnordi, E. (2014). Predicting vulnerability to stress based on social support and personality traits. Journal of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences. Volume 24, Number 113: 199-194. (in Persian)
-  Esmaeili Givi, A. (2013). Investigating the relationship between personality characteristics and coping styles of job burnout. Master's thesis. Islamic Azad University. Central Tehran Branch. (in Persian)
-  Ghorpade J., Singh, G. (2007). Burnout and personality: evidence from Academia. Journal of Career Assessment, 15(2): 240-256.
-  Garrosa, Eva, Bernardo Moreno- Jimenez, Youxin Liang, Jose Luis Gonzalez. (2008). The Relationship between Socio-Demographic Variables, Job Stressors, Burnout, and Hardy Personality in Nurses: An Exploratory Study. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 45: 418-427.
-  Gustafsson, Gabriella, Birgitta Persson, Sture Eriksson, Astrid Norberg and Gunilla Strandberg. (2009). Personality Traits among Burnt out and Non-Burnt out Health-Care Personnel at the Same Workplaces: A Pilot Study. International Journal of Mental Health Nursing 18(5): 336-48.
-  Hanani, M. Matlabi Kashani, M. and Gilasi, H. (2011). Investigating the relationship between job burnout dimensions with demographic characteristics of cashiers in state banks of Kashan. Feiz Scientific-Research Journal, 15(1): 76-69. (in Persian)
-  Kahill, S. (1998). Symptoms of Professional Burnout. A Review of the Empirical Evidence. Canadian Psychology, 11(29), 384-397.
-  Kish-Gephart. J. (2010). Bad apples, bad cases and bad barrels: Meta-analytic evidence about sources of unethical decisions at work. Journal of Applied Psychology, 95, 1-31.
-  Khorasani Torghi, H. (2015). Relationship between job burnout and deviant behaviors. Applied Research in Sport Management, Year 10, Issue 3: 90-79. (in Persian)
-  Kopelman, M. L., Brief, E. F. and Guzzo, R. T. (2009). Congruence Between Individual Needs, Organizational Climate, Job Satisfaction and Performance. Academy of Management Journal, 18(3), 14165.
-  Magnano, P. Paolillo, A., Barrano, C. (2015). Relationships between personality and Burnout : An Empirical Study with Helping professions' workers, International Journal of humanities social science research, pages 10-19.
-  Martin, U and Schinke, S. (1998). Organizational and Individual Factors Influencing Job Satisfaction and Burnout of Mental Health Workers. Social Work in Health Care, 28(3), 51-62.
-  Maslach, C., Schaufeli, W. B., Leiter, M. B. (2001). Job bournout. Annu. Rev. Psychol. (52): 397-422.
-  Maslach, Christina., Jackson, Susan. E. (1982). The Measurement of Experienced Burnout. Journal of Occupational Behavior, 2, 99-113.
-  Maslach, C. and Jackson, S. (1982). Burnout in health professions: A social sychological nalysis, in, Sanders, G. and Suls, J. (Eds.), Social Psychology of Heath and Illness, Erlbaum, Hillsdale HJ, pp. 227-251.
-  Matteson, D. (2005). Interpretations of Burnout in Institutions: The Cultural Production of Ambiguity and Burnout. Administration Science Quarterly, 39(8), 628-653
-  Morgan, B. and K. de Bruin. (2010). The Relationship between the Big Five Personality Traits and Burnout in South African University Students. South African Journal of Psychology 40(2): 182-91.
-  Paki, F. (2001). Construction and normalization of test for job burnout and predicting burnout factors among teachers of Eslamshahr city. Master's thesis, Allameh Tabatabaei University, Tehran. (in Persian)
-  Perlmon, B and Hartman C A (2000). Burnout: Summary and Future Research. Human Relations. 23 (35), 283-305.
-  Schaufeli, Wilmar B., Michael P. Leiter and Christina Maslach (2009). Burnout: 35 Years of Research and Practice. Career Development International 14(3): 204-20.
-  Sandra R, Rebecca B. a Typology of Deviant workplace Behaviors: multidimensional scaling study. Academy of Management Journal 1995, 38(2).
-  Shimizutani, M., Odagiri, Y., Ohya, Y., Shimomisu, T., Maruta, T., Limori, M. (2008). Relationship of nurse burnout with personality characteristics and coping behaviors. Industrial Health, 46: 326-335.
-  Swider, B. W., Zimmerman, R. D. (2010). Born to burnout: A metaanalytic path model of personality, job burnout, and work outcomes. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 76(3): 487-506.
-  Stricker G, Gold J. Integrative therapy. In: Lebow JL, Editor. Twenty-First Century Psychotherapies: Contemporary Approaches to Theory and Practice. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons; 2008: 389-423.
-  Tang, J. Chen, M. Yang, H. Chung, T. Lee, Y. (2015). Personality traits, interpersonal relationships, online social 4 support, and Facebook addiction. Telematics and Informatics.
-  Vinokur- Kaplan, D. (2002). Workplace Attitudes, Experiences and Job Satisfaction of Social Work Administration in Non-Profit and Public Agencies. Non-Profit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly, 25(9), 89-102.
Publication order reference