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2014 | 10 | 1 | 15-24
Article title

Leczenie astmy wziewnymi glikokortykosteroidami i długo działającymi β2-agonistami – leczenie podtrzymujące i doraźne

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Title variants
EN
Asthma therapy with inhaled corticosteroids and long-acting β2-agonists – MART model
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PL
Abstracts
EN
The authors of this paper present a few selected problems of inhaled combination therapy of asthma with corticosteroids (ICS) and long-acting β2-agonist (LAβA) in accordance with maintenance and reliever methods, also known as MART model. Since 2006, international guidelines for asthma management and prevention (Global Initiative for Asthma, GINA) have been recommending low dose ICS as the first-line therapy for patients with mild persistent asthma (the second step of therapy) and medium-dose ICS or a combination of ICS therapy with LAβAs as the preferred therapy for moderate asthma (the third step of therapy). ICS are the mainstay of asthma therapy because they are effective in controlling asthma symptoms and ventilatory parameters. LAβAs – salmeterol and formoterol – mainly present bronchodilator action for over 12 hours. This class of drugs is very important in asthma therapy since it allows for the reduction of the ICS dose. The fundamental feature of asthma is inflammation involving both large and small airways, while the term small airways refers to airways <2 mm in diameter. Involvement of small airways determines asthma severity. Epidemiological studies have shown that, overall, asthma is not adequately controlled in patients not only in clinical trials but “real-life” patients as well. The new model of asthma treatment (which refers to budesonide and formoterol) called maintenance and reliever therapy (MART) presents itself as highly effective and well-tolerated. This therapy model has been found to improve patients’ compliance, hence reducing the risk of therapy discontinuation and improving clinical asthma course. The Modulate platform technology allowed tailoring the particle size of formulated inhaled beclomethasone dipropionate and formoterol (BDF/F) fixed combination which provides a homogeneous distribution of the two active drugs throughout the entire bronchial tree. This extrafine formulation BDP/F has recently been assessed in asthmatics following the model maintenance and reliever therapy. The findings of this study show that the BDP/F combination used as maintenance and reliever therapy improved clinical symptoms of asthma and reduced the number of exacerbations. This model of asthma treatment using superfine BDP/F was well tolerated and can be recommended in asthmatics aged over 18 years.
PL
Autorzy przedstawiają niektóre problemy dotyczące wziewnego leczenia astmy kombinacją wziewnych glikokortykosteroidów (wGKS) i długo działających β2-agonistów (LAβA), określanego jako leczenie podtrzymujące i doraźne (LPiD). Od 2006 roku międzynarodowe zalecenia dotyczące terapii astmy i jej zapobiegania (GINA – Globalna Inicjatywa dla Astmy) rekomendują małe dawki wGKS jako pierwszą linię leczenia chorych na łagodną, przewlekłą astmę (drugi stopień leczenia) i średnie dawki wGKS lub kombinację wGKS z LAβA jako preferowane leczenie astmy umiarkowanej (trzeci stopień leczenia). Wziewne glikokortykosteroidy stanowią główne leki w astmie, ponieważ są skuteczne w kontrolowaniu objawów choroby i wskaźników spirometrycznych. Salmeterol i formoterol (LAβA) wywierają przede wszystkim działanie rozszerzające oskrzela, które utrzymuje się ponad 12 godzin. Ta grupa leków jest bardzo ważna w leczeniu astmy, pozwala bowiem na zmniejszenie dawki wGKS. Fundamentalną cechą astmy jest zapalenie, które dotyczy dużych i małych dróg oddechowych (o średnicy mniejszej niż 2 mm). Zajęcie małych oskrzeli jest powiązane z ciężkością choroby. W badaniach epidemiologicznych wykazano, że astma nie jest dostatecznie kontrolowana nie tylko w badaniach klinicznych, ale również w real-life. Nowy model terapii astmy, wykorzystujący budezonid oraz formoterol, określony jako leczenie podtrzymujące i doraźne, okazał się skuteczny i dobrze tolerowany. Poprawiał podatność pacjentów na terapię, zmniejszał ryzyko jej przerwania i poprawiał kliniczny przebieg astmy. Technologia Modulate pozwoliła na zmniejszenie cząstek dwupropionianu beklometazonu i formoterolu (BDP/F) w połączeniu, co umożliwiło uzyskanie homogennego rozkładu cząstek leku w całym drzewie oskrzelowym. Ostatnio ta superdrobnocząstkowa formulacja BDP/F była oceniana u chorych na astmę według modelu LPiD. Wykazano, że leczenie kombinacją BPD/F według tego modelu poprawia kliniczny przebieg astmy i zmniejsza liczbę zaostrzeń. Terapia choroby drobnocząstkowym BDP/F była dobrze tolerowana i może być zalecana u pacjentów powyżej 18. roku życia.
Discipline
Publisher

Year
Volume
10
Issue
1
Pages
15-24
Physical description
Contributors
  • Klinika Pneumonologii i Alergologii, I Katedra Chorób Wewnętrznych, Uniwersytet Medyczny w Łodzi. Kierownik Kliniki: prof. dr hab. n. med. Paweł Górski, rzym@binar.pl
  • Klinika Pneumonologii i Alergologii, I Katedra Chorób Wewnętrznych, Uniwersytet Medyczny w Łodzi. Kierownik Kliniki: prof. dr hab. n. med. Paweł Górski
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article
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bwmeta1.element.psjd-834813fe-26db-4cfa-9181-363337e2bfe1
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