PL EN


Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
2018 | 94 | 2 | 261-275
Article title

Hydraulic and Geoelectric relationships of Aquifers Using Vertical Electrical Sounding (VES) in parts of Obudu, Southern Nigeria

Content
Title variants
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
Aquifer geoelectric (Formation factor and Porosity) and hydraulic parameters (Transmissivity and Hydraulic Conductivity) were estimated using VES in parts of Obudu, Southern Nigeria. Hydraulic parameters study would help in to reduce additional expenditures in carrying out pumping tests. Hydraulic parameters are used to estimate the groundwater supply potential, protective capacity rating, soil corrosivity and designation. Most of the estimated aquifers have poor protective capacity rating, low designation, smaller withdrawal for local water supply and slightly corrosive. The objectives of this study is to delineate relationship between geoelectric and hydraulic parameters in the study area, There is a strong correlation between hydraulic conductivity (K) with Porosity and Formation Factor respectively as 0.81 and 1.00, while a weak correlation exist between Transmissivity with Porosity and Formation Factor, respectively as 0.11 and 0.15. The regression equation of the hydraulic parameters and geoelectric parameters from the study area are; , , , , where K; Hydraulic Conductivity, T; Transmissivity, F; Formation Factor and ; Porosity. The range of formation factor, porosity, transmissivity and hydraulic conductivity are 11.80 – 132.50, 8.69% - 29.11%, 1.32 – 19.64 and 0.52 – 0.67 respectively.
Year
Volume
94
Issue
2
Pages
261-275
Physical description
References
  • [1] Agbasi, O.E and Etuk, S.E. (2016). Hydro-Geoelectric Study of Aquifer Potential in Parts of Ikot Abasi Local Government Area, Akwa Ibom State, Using Electrical Resistivity Soundings. International Journal of Geology and Earth Sciences 2(4): 43-54
  • [2] Archie, G. E., (1942). The Electrical Resistivity Log as an Aid in Determining some Reservoir Characteristic. Trans. Am. Inst. Min. Eng. Vol. 146, pp. 54-62.
  • [3] Battacharya, P.K. and Patra, H.P., (1968). Direct Current Geoelectrical Sounding. Elsevier Publishing Co., Amsterdam, 131 p.
  • [4] Fetter, C. W., (1980). Applied Hydrogeology, Second edition, Merrill Publishing Company, Columbus, Ohio.
  • [5] Huntley, D., (1968). Relation between Permeability and Electrical Resistivity in Granular aquifers, Groundwater, pp. 466-474.
  • [6] IIoeje, N.P (1977). A new geography of West Africa, Fletche and Sons Ltd, Norwich, pp. 1-72.
  • [7] Kelly, W. E., (1977). Electrical resistivity for estimating permeability, Jour. Geotech. Eng. Div. Vol. 123, pp. 1165-1168.
  • [8] Kosinski, W. K. and Kelly. E., 91981). Geoelectrical Sounding for Predicting Aquifer Properties, Ground water Vol. 18, No. 2, pp. 163-171
  • [9] Laouini G, Etuk SE, Agbasi OE (2017). Delineation of Aquifers Using Dar Zarrouk Parameters in Parts of Akwa Ibom, Niger Delta, Nigeria. J Hydrogeol Hydrol Eng 6, 1. doi:10.4172/2325-9647.1000151
  • [10] Maillet, R., (1947). Fundamental Equations of Electrical prospecting, Geophysics, Vol. 12, pp. 297-308.
  • [11] Mazac, O., Kelly, W. E., and Landa, I., (1985). A hydro geophysical model for relations between electrical and hydraulic properties of aquifers, Journal of hydrology, Vol. 79, pp. 1-19.
  • [12] Mbonu DDC, Ebeniro JO, Ofoegbu CO, Ekine AS (1991). Geoelectrical sounding for the determination of aquifer characteristics in parts of the Umuahia area of Nigeria. Geophysics 56(5), 284-291.
  • [13] Onuoha KM, Mbazi FCC (1988). Aquifer transmissivity from electrical sounding data of the case of the Ajali Sandstone aquifers, South East of Enugu, Nigeria. In: Ofoegbu CO (ed) Groundwater and mineral resources of Nigeria. Fried-Vieweg and Sohn, Berlin, pp. 17–29.
  • [14] Singhal DC, Sri Niwas (1983). Estimation of aquifer transmissivity from surface geoelectrical measurements. Proc. UNESCO Symposium on Methods and Instrumentation of Investigating Groundwater System, Noordwijkerhout, the Netherlands, May 1983, pp. 405-414.
  • [15] Sinha, R., Israil, M., and Singhal, D.C., (2009). A hydrogeological model of the relationship between geoelectric and hydraulic parameters of anisotropic aquifers. Hydrogeology Journal 17, 495-503.
  • [16] Sri Niwas, and Singhal, D.C., (1981). Estimation of Aquifer Transmissivity from Dar Zarrouk Parameters in Porous Media. J. Hydrol. 50, 393–399.
  • [17] Sri Niwas, Lima, and O.A.L.de, (2003). Aquifer parameter estimation from surface resistivity data. Ground Water 41 (1), 95–99.
  • [18] Umeji, O. P., (1988). Trace fossils from the Eze-Aku Formation (Turonian) southeastern Nigeria. Journal of Mining and Geology, vol. 24, pp. 79-80.
  • [19] Urish DW (1981). Electrical resistivity-hydraulic conductivity relationships in glacial outwash aquifers. Water Resour. Res. 17(5): 1401-1408.
  • [20] Ushie F.A and Anike O.L (2011). Lateritic Weathering of Granite-Gnesis in Obudu Plateau, South Eastern Nigeria. Global Journal of Geological Sciences Vol. 9, No.1, pp. 75-83.
  • [21] Worthington PF (1993). The uses and abuses of the Archie equations: the formation—porosity relationship. J Appl Geophys 30, 215–228
  • [22] Vereecken, H., Binley, A., Cassiani, G., Revil, A., and Titov, K., (2006). Applied Hydrogeophysics, The series is published by ISO Press, Amsterdam and Springer in Conjunction with the NATO, Public Diplomacy Divition, 376 p.
  • [23] Yadav GS, Abolfazli H (1998). Geoelectrical soundings and their relationship to hydraulic parameters in semi-arid regions of Jalore, Northwestern India. J Appl Geophys 39, 35–51.
  • [24] Zohdy, A. A. Eaton, G.P., and Mabey, D.R., (1974). Electrical Methods Application of Surface Geophysics to Ground Water Investigations, Techniques of Water Resources Investigations of the United States Geological Survey (USGS), Chap. D1, Book 2, 66 p.
Document Type
article
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.psjd-804121e7-ce85-45c9-9ca2-db1127e08941
Identifiers
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.