PL EN


Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
2018 | 21 | 154-163
Article title

Motijheel Lake - Victim of Cultural Eutrophication

Content
Title variants
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
Destruction of natural water bodies due to cultural eutrophication is a predominant problem in India. Motijheel Lake of Murshidabad district is an environmentally, economically and historically significant water body. However, Anthropogenic activities including unplanned settlements around this lake and its over exploitation have deteriorated its water quality to a great extent. Motijheel Lake acts as a sink for domestic sewage, human and animal excreta. Surface runoffs are discharged into the lake which further adds to the list of pollutants. High phosphate, nitrate and nitrite-Nitrogen and chlorophyll content of the lake categorizes it as hypereutrophic one. Also, the amount of phosphate, nitrite and iron present in Motijheel Lake exceed the permissible limit in drinking water, as prescribed by US Environmental Protection Agency and Bureau of Indian Standards. When the Below Poverty Line residents of the surrounding area consume such water, they become susceptible to various fatal diseases. The low level of Dissolved Oxygen in the lake water signifies huge amount of organic matter deposited in the lake and indicates the lake water to be poor in quality. The high load of coliform bacteria in the lake water further corroborates the deposition of domestic, human and animal wastes. If water with such high concentration of faecal coliform is consumed, it could lead to fatal gastrointestinal and enteric diseases.
Year
Volume
21
Pages
154-163
Physical description
Contributors
author
  • Department of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, Sripat Singh College, under University of Kalyani, Jiaganj, Murshidabad, West Bengal, India
  • Department of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, Sripat Singh College, under University of Kalyani, Jiaganj, Murshidabad, West Bengal, India
author
  • Department of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, Sripat Singh College, under University of Kalyani, Jiaganj, Murshidabad, West Bengal, India
  • Department of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, Sripat Singh College, under University of Kalyani, Jiaganj, Murshidabad, West Bengal, India
  • Department of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, Sripat Singh College, under University of Kalyani, Jiaganj, Murshidabad, West Bengal, India
  • Department of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, Sripat Singh College, under University of Kalyani, Jiaganj, Murshidabad, West Bengal, India
  • Department of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, Sripat Singh College, under University of Kalyani, Jiaganj, Murshidabad, West Bengal, India
  • Department of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, Sripat Singh College, under University of Kalyani, Jiaganj, Murshidabad, West Bengal, India
author
  • Department of Chemistry, Sripat Singh College, under University of Kalyani, Murshidabad, West Bengal, India
  • Department of Chemistry, Sripat Singh College, under University of Kalyani, Murshidabad, West Bengal, India
author
  • Department of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, Sripat Singh College, under University of Kalyani, Jiaganj, Murshidabad, West Bengal, India
References
  • [1] Jin X, Xu Q, Huang C. Current status and future tendency of lake eutrophication in China. Sci China C Life Sci. 2005, (48): 948-54.
  • [2] Tekile A, Kim I, Kim J. Mini-review on river eutrophication and bottom improvement techniques, with special emphasis on the Nakdong River. J Environ Sci 2015. 1(30): 113-121.
  • [3] Le Moal M, Gascuel-Odoux C, Ménesguen A, Souchon Y, Étrillard C, Levain A, Moatar F, Pannard A, Souchu P, Lefebvre A, Pinay G. Eutrophication: A new wine in an old bottle? Sci Total Environ. 2019, 15(651): 1-11.
  • [4] Smith VH. Eutrophication of freshwater and coastal marine ecosystems: a global problem. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2003. 10(2): 126-39.
  • [5] Schindler, David, Vallentyne, John. The Algal Bowl: Overfertilization of the World's Freshwaters and Estuaries. University of Alberta Press. 2008. ISBN 0-88864-484-1.
  • [6] Smith VH, Schindler DW. Eutrophication science: where do we go from here? Trends Ecol Evol. 2009. 24(4): 201-7.
  • [7] Schindler DW. The dilemma of controlling cultural eutrophication of lakes. Proc Biol Sci. 2012. 7; 279(1746): 4322-33.
  • [8] Huisman J, Codd GA, Paerl HW, Ibelings BW, Verspagen JMH, Visser PM. Cyanobacterial blooms. Nat Rev Microbiol. 2018. 16(8): 471-483.
  • [9] O'Boyle S, McDermott G, Silke J, Cusack C. Potential impact of an exceptional bloom of Karenia mikimotoi on dissolved oxygen levels in waters off western Ireland. Harmful Algae. 2016. 53: 77-85.
  • [10] Wang H, Dai M, Liu J, Kao SJ, Zhang C, Cai WJ, Wang G, Qian W, Zhao M, Sun Z. Eutrophication-Driven Hypoxia in the East China Sea off the Changjiang Estuary. Environ Sci Technol. 2016. 50(5): 2255-63.
  • [11] Jacobson PC, Hansen GJA, Bethke BJ, Cross TK. Disentangling the effects of a century of eutrophication and climate warming on freshwater lake fish assemblages. PLoS One. 2017. 12(8).
  • [12] Binzer A, Guill C, Rall BC, Brose U. Interactive effects of warming, eutrophication and size structure: impacts on biodiversity and food-web structure. Glob Chang Biol. 2016. 22(1): 220-7.
  • [13] Liou YT, Lo SL. A fuzzy index model for trophic status evaluation of reservoir waters. Water Res. 2005. 39(7):1415-23.
  • [14] United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA). Drinking Water Requirements for States and Public Water System. EPA, 2006.
  • [15] Jain N, Elsayed EF. Dietary phosphate: what do we know about its toxicity. J Nephrol. 2013. 26(5):856-64.
  • [16] Calvo MS, Uribarri J. Public health impact of dietary phosphorus excess on bone and cardiovascular health in the general population. Am J Clin Nutr. 2013. 98(1): 6-15.
  • [17] Camargo JA, Alonso A. Ecological and toxicological effects of inorganic nitrogen pollution in aquatic ecosystems: A global assessment. Environ Int. 2006. 32(6): 831-49.
  • [18] Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS). Drinking water characteristics. (IS: 10500). 1991.
  • [19] Agrawal S, Berggren KL, Marks E, Fox JH. Impact of high iron intake on cognition and neurodegeneration in humans and in animal models: a systematic review. Nutr Rev. 2017, 75(6): 456-470.
  • [20] Schumann K. Safety aspects of iron in food. Ann Nutr Metab. 2001, 45(3): 91-101.
Document Type
article
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.psjd-7ce9f807-864a-4f1a-9979-bbdd44e785d2
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.