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Physical Exercise: Knowledge, attitude and participation of senior secondary school students of selected private schools in Ibadan North Local Government Area, Oyo State (Nigeria)

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Ćwiczenie fizyczne: Wiedza, postawa i uczestnictwo uczniów wybranych prywatnych szkół średnich w Ibadan North Local Government Area, Oyo State (Nigeria)
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Background: Studies suggest that young adulthood is a critical time for physical exercise interventions. This study assessed knowledge, attitude and participation in physical exercise by students of privately owned secondary schools in Ibadan North East Local Government Area, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria. Materials and methods: This study is a cross sectional survey. Informed consent was obtained from the schools and individual participants. Multi-stage sampling technique was used in selecting participants for the study. Each participant was guided in completing the questionnaire. Data on knowledge, attitude and participation in physical exercise was obtained from students. Data were analyzed using frequency, percentages and chi square. Results: Five hundred and sixty questionnaires were administered to respondents and 520 (92.9%) were completed and returned. Out of the 520 participants 258 (49.62%) were males and 262 (50.38%) were females. Out of 520 participants, 97.88% had good knowledge about physical exercise (49.23% males and 48.65% females). Out of 520 participants, 410 (78.85%) had good attitude towards physical exercise (40.96% males and 37.89% females). Male participants were better in knowledge and attitude than female participants. Participation in physical exercise was poor because participants were not putting in enough time in physical exercise. Conclusions: Boys had better knowledge about physical exercise and better attitude to physical exercise than girls. Girls actually participate more in physical exercise, though both boys and girls were not putting in enough time in participating in physical exercise. School curriculum that will encourage physical exercise should be adopted with more time allocated for physical exercises.
Wstęp: Badania sugerują, że młoda dorosłość jest krytycznym momentem dla interwencji fizycznych. W badaniu oceniano wiedzę, nastawienie i uczestnictwo w ćwiczeniach fizycznych uczniów prywatnych szkół średnich w Ibadan North East Local Government Area, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria. Materiał i metody: Niniejsze badanie jest badaniem przekrojowym. Od szkół i indywidualnych uczestników została uzyskana świadoma zgoda na udział w badaniach. Przy wyborze uczestników badania wykorzystano wielostopniową technikę próbkowania. Każdy uczestnik był prowadzony w wypełnianiu kwestionariusza. Dane dotyczące wiedzy, postawy i udziału w ćwiczeniach fizycznych uzyskano od uczniów. Dane analizowano stosując częstotliwość, procenty i test chi2. Wyniki: Respondentom rozdano pięćset sześćdziesiąt kwestionariuszy, a 520 (92,9%) wypełniono i zwrócono. Z 520 uczestników 258 (49,62%) to mężczyźni, a 262 (50,38%) to kobiety. Spośród 520 uczestników 97,88% miało dobrą wiedzę na temat ćwiczeń fizycznych (49,23% mężczyzn i 48,65% kobiet). Z 520 uczestników 410 (78,85%) miało dobre nastawienie do ćwiczeń fizycznych (40,96% mężczyzn i 37,89% kobiet). Uczestnicy płci męskiej mieli lepszą wiedzę i postawę niż uczestnicy płci żeńskiej. Udział w ćwiczeniach fizycznych był słaby, ponieważ uczestnicy nie poświęcali wystarczająco dużo czasu na ćwiczenia fizyczne. Wnioski: Chłopcy mieli lepszą wiedzę na temat ćwiczeń fizycznych i lepsze podejścia do ćwiczeń fizycznych niż dziewczęta. Dziewczęta w większym stopniu uczestniczyły w ćwiczeniach fizycznych, choć zarówno chłopcy, jak i dziewczęta nie poświęcali wystarczająco dużo czasu na ćwiczenia fizyczne. Program szkolny, który będzie zachęcał do ćwiczeń fizycznych, powinien zapewnić więcej czasu przeznaczonego na ćwiczenia fizyczne.
Physical description
  • University of Ibadan, College of Medicine, Physiotherapy Department, Oyo State, Nigeria
  • University of Ibadan, College of Medicine, Physiotherapy Department, Oyo State, Nigeria
  • University College Hospital, Physiotherapy Department, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria
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