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2013 | 9 | 2 | 135–143
Article title

Całościowa ocena przewlekłej obturacyjnej choroby płuc według raportu GOLD 2011

Content
Title variants
EN
Combined assessment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease according to GOLD report 2011
Languages of publication
PL
Abstracts
EN
In this paper authors present a new approach to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients according to GOLD report 2011. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is a global health problem. The BOLD study proved that prevalence of it vary across countries and this disease will be the fourth leading cause of death in 2030. The main cause of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is tobacco smoking. GOLD report 2011 recommends that a clinical diagnosis of a disease should be considered in patients presenting such symptoms as dyspnoea, cough, sputum expectoration as well as relevant exposure to risk factors with the presence of persistent airflow limitation confirmed by post-bronchodilat or FEV1/FVC < 0.70. The FEV1 is an inadequate descriptor of the impact of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease on patients. It is a complex and heterogeneous disease and that is why the validated tests are proposed – i.e. BODE index, ADO and DOSE – to examine the impact of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease on patients. GOLD report 2011 recommends the use of two validated tests: mMRC questionnaire and COPD Assessment Test (CAT). Spirometric values are classified as GOLD 1 and 2 (mild and moderate) and GOLD 3 and 4 (severe and very severe). Exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease are based on the individual patient’s history or FEV1. Finally, the chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients are classified to category A, B, C or D. Pharmacological treatment should be based on an individualized assessment.
PL
Autorzy omawiają nowe podejście do przewlekłej obturacyjnej choroby płuc, przedstawione w raporcie GOLD 2011. Przewlekła obturacyjna choroba płuc jest ogólnoświatowym problemem zdrowotnym. Badanie BOLD ujawniło, że rozpowszechnienie choroby jest różne w poszczególnych krajach i będzie czwartą przyczyną zgonów w 2030 roku. Główną przyczyną przewlekłej obturacyjnej choroby płuc jest nałóg palenia tytoniu. Raport GOLD 2011 zaleca, aby postawienie diagnozy rozważyć, jeśli pacjent prezentuje takie objawy, jak: duszność, kaszel i odkrztuszanie wydzieliny z ekspozycją na czynniki ryzyka oraz z obecnością obturacji potwierdzonej wartością FEV1/ FVC < 0,70. Wskaźnik FEV1 okazał się niedostatecznym deskryptorem wpływu przewlekłej obturacyjnej choroby płuc na pacjenta. Jest to choroba złożona i różnorodna, zbadanie jej wpływu na zdrowie pacjenta wymaga walidowanych testów, takich jak BODE, ADO, DOSE. Raport GOLD 2011 zaleca stosowanie dwóch walidowanych testów: mMRC i CAT. Wskaźniki wentylacyjne są sklasyfikowane jako GOLD 1 i 2 (zaburzenia łagodne i umiarkowane) oraz GOLD 3 i 4 (zaburzenia ciężkie i bardzo ciężkie). Zaostrzenia przewlekłej obturacyjnej choroby płuc są ustalane na podstawie wywiadu lub wartości FEV1. Ostatecznie pacjentów można zakwalifikować do kategorii A, B, C lub D. Leczenie farmakologiczne powinno być ustalane po dokonaniu zindywidualizowanej oceny.
Discipline
Publisher

Year
Volume
9
Issue
2
Pages
135–143
Physical description
Contributors
  • Klinika Pneumonologii i Alergologii I Katedry Chorób Wewnętrznych, Uniwersytet Medyczny w Łodzi. Kierownik Kliniki: prof. dr hab. n. med. Paweł Górski, rzym@binar.pl
  • Klinika Pneumonologii i Alergologii I Katedry Chorób Wewnętrznych, Uniwersytet Medyczny w Łodzi. Kierownik Kliniki: prof. dr hab. n. med. Paweł Górski
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Document Type
article
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.psjd-793d63b1-4400-49fd-b654-130f011d6eba
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