Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
2021 | 151 | 95-109
Article title

Surficial Sedimentary at the Bottom in Waters Surrounding the Arisen Land of Putri Island, Karawang - Indonesia

Title variants
Languages of publication
This study was conducted in July 2016 around Putri Island and Cikiong Beach, Batujaya District, Karawang Regency, West Java - Indonesia to know the types of surficial sedimentary that makeup Putri Island. Field survey activities were carried out to collect sediment samples using a 1-meter long piston core. The sampling locations were carried out at five stations by considering representativeness and ease of accessibility. Sediment analysis using the sieve or granulometric method to produce grain size information on the phi (φ) scale. Sediment types were classified based on grain size using the Wentworth scale and followed by the Folk’s ternary diagram. The study results show that the sediment covering the bottom of the waters around Putri Island is composed of seven types of sediment, namely gravel, very coarse sand, coarse sand, medium sand, fine sand, very fine sand, and silt. It can be seen that sand dominates the sediment fraction which reaches 94% followed by 4% mud and 2% gravel. If classified based on the main component of the Folk’s ternary diagram, the seabed of this area has three types of sediment textures, namely slightly gravelly sand [(g) S], Sand [S], and gravelly sand [gS]. Judging from the constituent elements of the sediment, it can be said that the sedimentation that occurs in the study location is composed of alluvial deposits. The formation of this sediment is dominated by material carried by the river flow through fluvial and tidal processes.
Physical description
  • Marine Science Department, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, Universitas Padjadjaran, Jalan Raya Bandung – Sumedang KM. 21, Jatinangor 45363, Indonesia
  • Marine Science Department, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, Universitas Padjadjaran, Jalan Raya Bandung – Sumedang KM. 21, Jatinangor 45363, Indonesia
  • Marine Science Department, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, Universitas Padjadjaran, Jalan Raya Bandung – Sumedang KM. 21, Jatinangor 45363, Indonesia
  • [1] A. W. Dwinanto, N. P. Purba, S. A. Harahap, and M. L. Syamsuddin, Current pattern and sediment transport in the case of rising land Puteri Island, District of Karawang. J. Perikanan dan Kelautan 8(2) (2017) 152–160
  • [2] H. F. Yang, S. L. Yang, K.H. Xu, J. D. Milliman, H. Wang, Z. Yang, Z. Chen, and C. Y Zhang, Human impacts on sediment in the Yangtze River: A review and new perspectives. Glob. Planet. Change 162(January) (2018) 8–17
  • [3] T. Solihuddin, S. E. Mustika, and K. Gunardi, Sedimentary rate prediction in Pemangkat Waters, Sambas West Kalimantan using modeling methods. Bull. Environ. Geol. 21(3) (2011) 117–126
  • [4] S. Qiao, X. Shi, A. Zhu, Y. Liu, N. Bi, X. Fang, and G. Yang, Distribution and transport of suspended sediments off the Yellow River (Huanghe) mouth and the nearby Bohai Sea. Estuar. Coast. Shelf Sci. 86(3) (2010) 337–344
  • [5] D. C. Chizom and J. C. Agunwamba, Modelling of sediments concentration distribution in dredged canals of the Niger delta estuarine region, Nigeria. J. Urban Environ. Eng. 7(2) (2013) 330–339
  • [6] H. Weilbeer, Sediment transport and sediment management in the Elbe estuary, Germany. Terra Aqua, vol. 139, pp. 11–23, 2015
  • [7] S. Roswaty, M. R. Muskananfola, and P. W. Purnomo, Sedimentation rates in estuary of Wedung Subdistrict Wedung, Demak. Manag. Aquat. Resour. J. 3(2) (2014) 129–137
  • [8] W. E. Galloway, Process framework for describing the morphologic and stratigraphic evolution of deltaic depositional systems in Deltas: Models for exploration, M. L. Broussard (Ed.) Houston, USA: Houston Geological Society (1975) 87–98
  • [9] J. Ge, F. Shen, W. Guo, C. Chen, and P. Ding, Estimation of critical shear stress for erosion in the Changjiang Estuary: A synergy research of observation, GOCI sensing and modeling. J. Geophys. Res. Ocean. 120(12) (2015) 8439–8465
  • [10] Y. A. Noya, M. Purba, A. F. Koropitan, and T. Prartono, Cohesive sediment transport modeling on inner Ambon Bay. J. Ilmu dan Teknol. Kelaut. Tropis 8(2) (2017) 671–687
  • [11] M. Guerreiro, A. B. Fortunato, P. Freire, A. Rilo, R. Taborda, M. C. Freitas, C. Andrade, T. Silva, M. Rodrigues, X. Bertin, and A. Azevedo, Evolution of the hydrodynamics of the Tagus estuary (Portugal) in the 21st century. J. Integr. Coast. Zo. Manag. 15(1) (2015) 65–80
  • [12] S. L. Yang, Z. Shi, H. Y. Zhao, P. Li, S. B. Dai, and A. Gao, Effects of human activities on the Yangtze River suspended sediment flux into the estuary in the last century. Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. 8(6) (2004) 1210–1216
  • [13] R. Rostika, N. P. Purba, M. Lutfi, J. Kelvin, and I. Silalahi, The managing plan for abrasion in coastal area of Garut Regency. Procedia Environ. Sci. 33 (2016) 512–519
  • [14] H.-E. Reineck and I. B. Singh, Depositional Sedimentary Environments: With Reference to Terrigenous Clastics, 2nd ed. Berlin: Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg (1980).
  • [15] M. J. Selby, Earth’s Changing Surface: An Introduction to Geomorphology. London: Oxford University (Clarendon) Press (1985).
  • [16] ‪Heryoso Setiyono, Oceanographic Dictionary. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press (1996).‬‬‬
  • [17] S. A. Harahap, N. P. Purba, and M. L. Syamsuddin, Trend of coastline change for twenty years (1994-2014) in Cirebon , Indonesia. World Sci. News 138(November) (2019) 79–92
  • [18] G. A. Rahmawan, U. J. Wisha, W. A. Gemilang, I. Ilham, and S. Husrin, Accumulated sediment prediction based on bathymetry survey and hydrodynamics approach in Mandeh Coastal Bay, Pesisir Selatan Regency, West Sumatera. J. Kelaut. Trop. 23(1) (2020) 105–116
  • [19] E. D. Poerbondono and E. Djunarsjah, Hydrographic survey, 1st ed. Bandung: Refika Aditama (2005).
  • [20] M. Gül, Ö. Yılmaz, and Ö. Zeybek, Morphology of coast and textural characteristics of coastal sediments (NE Gökova Graben, SW Turkey). J. Coast. Conserv. 23(2) (2019) 417–434
  • [21] Suhendra, A. Amron, and E. Hilmi, The pattern of coastline change based on the characteristics of sediment and coastal slope in Pangenan coast of Cirebon, West Java. E3S Web Conf. 47(06001) (2018) 1–9
  • [22] J. C. Restrepo, J. Escobar, L. Otero, Di. Franco, J. Pierini, and I. Correa, Factors influencing the distribution and characteristics of surface sediment in the Bay of Cartagena, Colombia. J. Coast. Res. 33(1) (2017) 135–148
  • [23] D. E. Walling, P. N. Owens, J. Carter, G. J. L. Leeks, S. Lewis, A. A. Meharg, and J. Wright, Storage of sediment-associated nutrients and contaminants in river channel and floodplain systems. Appl. Geochemistry 18(2) (2003) 195–220
  • [24] C. Zhang and X. Feng, Natural and human-induced effects on grain size of surface sediments along the Lianyungang muddy coast, China. Chinese J. Oceanol. Limnol. 29(2) (2011) 387–397
  • [25] F. Bockelmann, W. Puls, U. Kleeberg, D. Müller, and K. Emeis, Mapping mud content and median grain-size of North Sea sediments – A geostatistical approach. Mar. Geol. 397 (2018) 60–71
  • [26] R. M. Frings, H. Schüttrumpf, and S. Vollmer, Verification of porosity predictors for fluvial sand-gravel deposits. Water Resour. Res. 47(7) (2011) 1–15
  • [27] Rifardi, Sediment Texture: Sampling and analysis. Pekanbaru: UR Press (2008).
  • [28] M. I. Jumarang, Muliadi, N. S. Ningsih, and S. Hadi, Changes of the estuary waters bottom of the Kapuas River in West Kalimantan (Case study: January to April). Simetri 1(D) (2012) 42–46
  • [29] W. S. Atmadja and Sulistija, Some aspects of vegetation and habitat of benthic marine plants in Seribu Islands. Jakarta: Research Centre for Oceanography. Indonesian Institute of Science (1988).
  • [30] D. Bertoni, C. Biagioni, G. Sarti, D. Ciccarelli, and M. Ruocco, The role of sediment grain-size, mineralogy, and beach morphology on plant communities of two Mediterranean coastal dune systems. Ital. J. Geosci. 133(2) (2014) 271–281.
  • [31] J. Estrany, M. Ruiz, A. Calsamiglia, M. Carriquí, J. García-Comendador, M. Nadal, J. Fortesa, J. A. López-Tarazón, H. Medrano, and J. Gago, Sediment connectivity linked to vegetation using UAVs: High-resolution imagery for ecosystem management. Sci. Total Environ. 671 (2019) 1192–1205
  • [32] Yuniarti, Y. Nurul Ihsan, S. A. Harahap, and D. Suhanda, Relationship of sedimentation rate to the structure of macrozoobenthos community on transitional in Ciletuh Bay, Sukabumi District, West Java. IOP Conf. Ser. Earth Environ. Sci. 406(012024) (2019) 1–11
  • [33] L. J. Bracken, L. Turnbull, J. Wainwright, and P. Bogaart, Sediment connectivity: A framework for understanding sediment transfer at multiple scales. Earth Surf. Process. Landforms 40(2) (2015) 177–188
  • [34] E. Rochyatun and A. Rozak, The distribution of heavy metals in sediment of Jakarta Bay. Mar. Res. Indones. 33(1) (2008) 101–107
  • [35] Z. Arifin, R. Puspitasari, and N. Miyazaki, Heavy metal contamination in Indonesian coastal marine ecosystems: A historical perspective. Coast. Mar. Sci. 35(1) (2012) 227–233
  • [36] J. C. Wasserman, M. A. V. Wasserman, P. R. G. Barrocas, and A. M. Almeida, Predicting pollutant concentrations in the water column during dredging operations: Implications for sediment quality criteria. Mar. Pollut. Bull. 108(1–2) (2016) 24–32
  • [37] G. Peng, B. Zhu, D. Yang, L. Su, H. Shi, and D. Li, Microplastics in sediments of the Changjiang Estuary, China. Environ. Pollut. 225 (2017) 283–290
  • [38] B. A. Polidoro, M. T. Comeros-Raynal, T. Cahill, and C. Clement, Land-based sources of marine pollution: Pesticides, PAHs and phthalates in coastal stream water, and heavy metals in coastal stream sediments in American Samoa. Mar. Pollut. Bull. 116(1–2) (2017) 501–507
  • [39] X. Yu, W. Zhang, X. Liu, J. Lei, Z. Lin, Z. Yao, X. Yao, X. Jin, H. Yang, and H. Huang, The distribution of and biodegradation impact on spilled oil in sediments from Dalian Bay, NE China. Mar. Pollut. Bull. 135 (2018) 1007–1015
  • [40] M. P. Hatta, A. Thaha, and A. Dharmawan, The influence of hydrodinamics of coastal condition of Tarowang Beach on determination of coastal protection type. J. Keteknikan dan Sains 1(2) (2018) 17–21
  • [41] C. K. Wentworth, A scale of grade and class terms for clastic sediments. J. Geol. 30(5) (1922) 377–392
  • [42] S. Hutabarat and S. M. Evans, Introduction to Oceanography, 2nd ed. Jakarta: University of Indonesia (UI Press) (2006).
  • [43] R. L. Folk, The distinction between grain size and mineral composition in sedimentary-rock nomenclature. J. Geol. 62(4) (1954) 344–359
  • [44] R. L. Folk, Petrology of the sedimentary rocks. Austin, Texas 78703: Hemphill Publishing Company 4(2) (1980).
  • [45] D. Setiady, U. Kamiludin, and N. Y. Gerhaneu, Type and sedimentary distribution on Papela Waters, Rote-Ndao, East Nusa Tenggara. J. Geol. Kelautan 13(3) (2015) 153–163
  • [46] Susilohadi. Application program of sediment moment and nomenclature. Center for Research and Development of Marine Geology (1986).
  • [47] J. O. Z. Abuodha, Grain size distribution and composition of modern dune and beach sediments, Malindi Bay coast, Kenya. J. African Earth Sci. 36(1–2) (2003) 41–54
  • [48] S. H. Nugroho and A. Basit, Sediment distribution based on grain size analyses in Weda Bay, Northern Maluku. J. Ilmu dan Teknol. Kelaut. Trop. 6(1) (2014) 229–240
  • [49] T. N. Alekseeva and V. N. Sval’nov, Grain-size parameters of marine sediments. Oceanology 46(3) (2006) 430–439
  • [50] A. Bayhaqi and C. M. A. Dungga, Distribution of sediment grain in Dalegan beach, Gresik, East Java. Depik 4(3) (2015) 153–159
  • [51] M. J. Pratiwi, Muslim, and H. Suseno, Study of sediment distribution based on sediment texture in Sayung Waters, Demak. J. Oseanografi 4(3) (2015) 608–613
  • [52] I. Setiawan, E. Miswar, I. Zulfahmi, and S. M. Yuni, Distribution of sediment grain size in Kajhu coastal area, Aceh Besar District, Indonesia. IOP Conf. Ser. Earth Environ. Sci. 348(012107) (2019) 1–5
  • [53] R. R. Anggraini, U. Yanuhar, and Y. Risjani, Characteristic of sediment at Lekok coastal waters, Pasuruan Regency, East Java. J. Ilmu dan Kelaut. Trop. 12(1) (2020) 35–246
  • [54] I. C. Okeyode and N. N. Jibiri, Grain size analysis of the sediments from Ogun River, South Western Nigeria. Earth Sci. Res. 2(1) (2012) 43–51
  • [55] H. J. Kim, S. W. Suh, J. S. Seok, and W. K. Park, Sedimentation for a flood-dominant estuarine harbor induced by anthropogenic activities. J. Coast. Res. 79(sp1) (2017) 339–343
  • [56] M. Gugliotta, Y. Saito, V. L. Nguyen, T. K. O. Ta, and T. Tamura, Sediment distribution and depositional processes along the fluvial to marine transition zone of the Mekong River delta, Vietnam. Sedimentology 66(1) (2019) 146–164
  • [57] W. A. Gemilang, U. J. Wisha, and G. Kusumah, Bed sediment distribution for identification of the coastal erosion in Brebes Subdistrict using granulometry analysis. J. Kelaut. Indones. J. Mar. Sci. Technol. 10(1) (2017) 54–66
  • [58] A. Satriadi, Study of suspended sediment transport for development planning of Banten Bojonegara Port. Bul. Oseanografi Mar. 2(2) (2013) 68–77
  • [59] A. T. Sinaga, A. Satriadi, Hariyadi, and F. Novico, Pattern of Distribution Suspended Sediment Depends on Tidal Current Model in Balikpapan Bay, East Kalimantan. J. Oseanografi 2(3) (2013) 329–336
  • [60] J. E. Newyeara, W. Atmodjo, and Hariadi, Distribution of suspended sediments in Kamal Muara waters, Penjaringan, North Jakarta. J. Oseanografi 3(2) (2014) 210–219.
  • [61] A. J. F. Hoitink, Z. B. Wang, B. Vermeulen, Y. Huismans, and K. Kästner, Tidal controls on river delta morphology. Nat. Geosci. 10(9) (2017) 637–645
  • [62] W. E. Galloway, Process framework for describing the morphologic and stratigraphic evolution of deltaic depositional systems in Deltas, Models for Exploration, M. L. Broussard (Ed.) Houston, TX, USA: Houston Geological Society (1975) 87–98
  • [63] J. P. Bhattacharya and L. Giosan, Wave-influenced deltas: Geomorphological implications for facies reconstruction. Sedimentology 50(1) (2003) 187–210
  • [64] L. Sarmili, Faturachman, A. Sianipar, D. Handayani, and Y. Yuniarti, Indication of the formation of ebb tidal delta at the mouth of the west Segara Anakan outlet, Pangandaran Bay, West Java. J. Geol. Kelaut. 2(1) (2004) 11–17
  • [65] Ibiam Ntachiobi Ama, Godfry E. Nwajei, P. O. Agbaire, Distribution of Trace Elements in Surface Water and Sediments from Warri River in Warri, Delta State of Nigeria. World News of Natural Sciences 11 (2017) 65-82
Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.