The Role of Demand-Responsive Transportation System in Road Traffic Accidents in part of Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria
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Road Traffic Accidents (RTAs) are common occurrences on Nigeria roads and Ibadan is not an exception. Non-availability of facilities to take the injured to the nearest hospitals necessitated this study. The study looked at the role played by Demand-Responsive Transportation System in Road Traffic Accidents in part of Ibadan with a view to reduce deaths caused by the inability of the available system on ground to rescue the injured from the scene of the accidents to the nearest hospitals for immediate first aid or outright treatment. The aim is to locate an accident scene, the nearest hospital and the shortest route to the hospital with facilities to treat the victims. The study adopted Remote Sensing and GIS methods to acquire both primary and secondary data and used ArcGIS 10.3 software for the processing of the data and performed geospatial analyses to produce information for a Decision Support System. Twenty three hospitals and eleven accident scenes were considered. The hospitals have the basic facilities to take care of victims of Road Traffic Accidents within the study area. The study revealed that 63.64% of the total Road Traffic Accidents’ scenes in the study area occur on the Dual carriage ways while the remaining 36.36% occurred on the single lane roads. The travel distances range from 1.4 Km to 3.3 Km between one of the accident scenes and twelve of the hospitals. The number of hospitals available to attend to the RTA victims within an accident scene are between 0 and 6 when a distance of 1Km is considered and can be more with increase in the travel distance but should rather be shorter because of danger in travelling farther with injured victims. There are also overlaps because of the distribution of the accident scenes and the hospitals in the study area.
- Department of Geographic Information Systems, Federal School of Surveying, Oyo, Oyo State, Nigeria
- Department of Surveying and Geoinformatics, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Ondo State, Nigeria
- Department of Building, Lagos State Polytechnic, Ikorodu, Lagos State, Nigeria
- Department of Surveying and Geoinformatics, Abia State Polytechnic, Aba, Abia State, Nigeria
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