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2013 | 67 | 2 | 133–141
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STAT3 – ukryty czynnik transkrypcyjny celem terapii przeciwnowotworowych

Title variants
STAT3 – Latent transciption factor for anti-cancer therapy
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STAT proteins belong to the transcriptional factors family, and each of them performs a unique function in extracellular signal transduction and in direct regulation of transcription. Their function is based on controlling genes expression, which is involved in cell survival, proliferation, chemoresistance and angiogenesis. Phosphorylated STAT3 is observed in 70% of human cancers. STAT3 as an oncogenic protein is constitutively activated in many primary human cancers by different cytokines as: IL-6 IL-7, IL-10, IL-20, leptin, granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF), epidermal growth factor (EGF), platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), and oncogenic proteins such as Src and Ras. Moreover, STAT3 can be activated by receptor and nonreceptor tyrosine kinases such as: epidermal growth factor receptor kinase (EGFR), activated Janus kinase (JAK) or kinase regulating extracellular signals (ERK). An important role of STAT3 is the regulation of cancer cells autonomous properties. The blocking of STAT3 expression in human cancer cells inhibits proliferation in vitro and cancer progression in vivo. To inhibit gene expression of STAT3, antisense oligonucleotides, rybozimes and DNAzymes can be used. The STAT3 protein can be blocked by tyrosine kinase inhibitors, negative dominants for the STAT3 protein, complementary to small nonpeptide particle drugs. Among the newest methods of gene expression regulation is the RNA – RNAi method of interference.
Białka STAT (signal transducer and activator of transcription – przekaźnik sygnału i aktywator transkrypcji) to rodzina czynników transkrypcyjnych, z których każdy pełni unikalną funkcję w przekazywaniu sygnałów zewnątrzko-mórkowych oraz bezpośrednim regulowaniu transkrypcji. Ich funkcja polega na kontroli ekspresji genów, które zaangażowane są w przeżycie komórek, proliferację, chemiooporność oraz angiogenezę. Ufosforylowany STAT3 obserwuje się w blisko 70% ludzkich nowotworów. Pełniąc rolę białka onkogennego ulega on konstytutywnej aktywacji w wielu pierwotnych nowotworach u ludzi, będąc aktywowanym przez wiele różnych cytokin, takich jak IL-6 IL-7, IL-10, IL-20, leptyna, czynnik stymulujący wzrost kolonii granulocytów (granulocyte colony stimulating factor – G-CSF), epidermalny czynnik wzrostu (epidermal growth factor – EGF), płytkowy czynnik wzrostu (platelet-derived growth factor – PDGF), a także białka onkogenne, Src i Ras. Ponadto STAT3 może być aktywowany poprzez receptorowe i niereceptorowe kinazy tyrozynowe, takie jak: kinaza receptora epidermalnego czynnika wzrostu (kinase of epidermal growth factor receptor – EGFR), aktywowana kinaza Janus (activated Janus kinase – JAK), kinazy regulujące sygnały zewnątrzkomórkowe (kinases regulating extracellular signals – ERK). Jego istotną funkcją jest regulacja autonomicznych właściwości komórek nowotworowych. Blokowanie ekspresji STAT3 w ludzkich komórkach nowotworowych hamuje proliferację in vitro oraz progresję nowotworów in vivo. W celu wyciszenia ekspresji genów STAT3 można wykorzystać oligonukleotydy antysensowe, rybozymy i DNAzymy. Samo białko STAT3 można zablokować wykorzystując inhibitory kinazy tyrozynowej, dominanty negatywne wobec białka STAT3, komplementarne wobec leków małe niepeptydowe cząsteczki. Wśród najnowszych metod regulacji ekspresji genów znajduje się metoda wykorzystująca proces interferencji RNA – RNAi.
Physical description
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