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2019 | 129 | 40-50
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Muscovites in Lisko – the first Russian occupation of Lesko based on chronicles and contemporary diaries

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It seemed to be lazy and calm Sunday morning on the 28 of June 1914 and nothing announced the approaching of the European drama. However, during that very day in Sarajevo, the parochial town located in the Austro- Hungarian monarchy, an heir to the throne of Danubian power, archduke Francis Ferdinand along with his accompanying wife Sophia Chłostek, were murdered in the assassination. The shots that took the life of Francis Joseph First’s nephew, did not only kill the would-be Habsburg anointed, but mainly broke a thin "web of the peace" in Europe. At the same time, it also ended the stabilization on “the old country”, immersing it in the depths of the most tremendous war that has ever occurred. Contradictions between dominating powers of Europe exploded now with the intensified strength. Vienna (Austria) declared war on Serbia exactly one month after the assassination in Sarajevo, at the same time regarding this country as the main culprit of the assault. This event caused the chain reaction in the form of declaring war on Russia by Germany on the 1st of August, then on France on the 3rd of August. Then the following day the war on Germany by England was declared, whereas on the 6th of August Austro – Hungary declared war on Russia. The tragedy of the World War One has just started.
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  • Department of Histury, Faculty of Sociology and History, University of Rzeszow, Al. Rejtana 16c, 35-959 Rzeszow, Poland
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