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2013 | 13 | 1 | 58–66
Article title

Założenia rekreacji terapeutycznej i jej rola na podstawie badań przeprowadzonych w wakacyjnym ośrodku rekreacyjnym Barretstown dla dzieci cierpiących na choroby przewlekłe i zagrażające życiu

Content
Title variants
EN
Assumptions of therapeutic recreation and its role according to the research carried out in the vacation recreation centre Barretstown for children suffering from chronic and life threatening illnesses
Languages of publication
PL
Abstracts
EN
Together with rapid progress of the contemporary medicine the number of children dying because of serious somatic diseases like cancer, haemophilia, immunodeficiency diseases is continually decreasing. At the same time the number of kids leaving lifelong with a serious chronic disease is going up. These children have to cope on the daily basis with side effects of their treatment, inability of participating in their healthy pears activities. They have to accept that they are different from healthy children or teens and get used to constant sense of danger. Just for these kids in US and some countries of Western Europe special therapeutic camps have been created. Barretstown in County Wicklow, Ireland is one of them and people working there are trying to help children suffering from chronic diseases using program of therapeutic recreation (TR). The theoretical background of TR is based on the belief that human being is able to enrich and redefine himself in creative action that involves four stages: challenge, success, reflexion, discovery. According to Peter Kearney, professor of paediatrics at the University College of Cork in Ireland, the process that underage patients coming to Barretstown are taking part in is very similar to the process known in the literature as rite of passage. There were several research studies taking place in Barretstown that were to observe and measure the influence and efficiency of TR in general improvement of sick children’s wellbeing. The results are presented in following study. Further research and case studies would be of great need. The results and psychological observations so far are confirming essential influence of TR in helping and supporting kids suffering from chronic diseases and their families.
PL
Wraz z postępem medycyny maleje liczba dzieci umierających na poważne choroby somatyczne, takie jak nowotwory, białaczka, choroby układu odpornościowego. Jednocześnie wzrasta liczba dzieci, które latami żyją z poważną, przewlekłą chorobą i na co dzień borykają się ze skutkami ubocznymi długoterminowego leczenia, niemożnością uczestnictwa w normalnych aktywnościach swych rówieśników, ze swoją odmiennością i stałym poczuciem zagrożenia. Do takich właśnie dzieci adresowane są organizowane w USA i w krajach Europy Zachodniej obozy terapeutyczne. Barretstown w Irlandii jest jednym z tego typu ośrodków, gdzie pomaga się dzieciom przy użyciu rekreacji terapeutycznej (therapeutic recreation, TR). Jest to metoda oparta na procesie przemiany, możliwej, gdy dziecko poczuje się wyjątkowe i niepowtarzalne, bezpieczne i szczęśliwe. U podłoża teoretycznego TR leży wiara w zdolność jednostki do wzbogacenia i zdefiniowania siebie na nowo w oparciu o cztery etapy towarzyszące działaniom: wyzwanie, sukces, refleksja, odkrycie. Według profesora Petera Kearneya, pediatry z Uniwersytetu w Cork w Irlandii, przemiana, jakiej mogą doświadczać uczestnicy obozów w Barretstown, przypomina proces przejścia znany w literaturze tematu jako rite of passage. W Barretstown przeprowadzonych zostało kilka badań mających na celu ustalenie skuteczności i wpływu TR na poprawę stanu dzieci. Ich rezultaty przedstawia poniższe opracowanie. Istnieje wyraźna potrzeba kontynuacji badań oraz studiów poszczególnych przypadków. Jednocześnie dotychczasowe wyniki i obserwacje psychologów potwierdzają istotną rolę TR we wspieraniu oraz leczeniu dzieci dotkniętych przez poważne chroniczne choroby somatyczne oraz ich rodzin.
Discipline
Publisher

Year
Volume
13
Issue
1
Pages
58–66
Physical description
Contributors
  • Klinika Psychiatrii Wieku Rozwojowego WUM, Samodzielny Publiczny Dziecięcy Szpital Kliniczny w Warszawie
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Document Type
article
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YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.psjd-6df023f3-2ff2-47da-8ae5-fba36b48cca9
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