Active labour market policy as a source of legitimacy for governments of Central Europe countries – comparative analysis
Languages of publication
Background: Active labour market policies (ALMP) are relatively new government programmes for Central European countries. The Visegrad Group (the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland and Slovakia) have enjoyed economic growth since 1989, when Soviet Union influence decreased. Second event, which triggered their rapid growth, was the membership in the European Union of all V4 countries in 2004. The most important and still unsolved problem among these countries is the unemployment. In many economies, both developed and developing, we can assume that proper labour market policy can be a source of legitimacy for governments (King and Rothstein 1994, p. 291). This article addresses the question about the value of ALMP in relationship between government performance on the one hand and citizen satisfaction and trust in government on the other. Research aims: The aim of the study is to compare three main categories of ALMP (public employment services, training schemas, employment subsidies) in the V4 member states and analysis of their impact to legitimacy of governments according to the three hypotheses: (1) the trade-off hypothesis, (2) the synergy hypothesis and (3) the independence hypothesis. Methodology: The adopted research method was an analysis of the reports of the public sector in the Visegrad Group countries, as well as foreign and national literature studies. Key findings: The analysed research results clearly show a different approach in performance of ALMP in the V4 member states. Well performed active labour market policy (for example signified by low unemployment rate) is a source of legitimacy for governments according to the synergy hypothesis.
-  European Commission (2015). Labour market institutions: One index to rule them all (http://ec.europa.eu/social/main.jsp?langId=fr&catId=89&newsId=2326&furtherNews=yes
-  Eurostat (2013). Transitions from temporary to permanent contracts (2011-12) and from short-term unemployment to employment 2012-13, Chart 84; ec.europa.eu/employment_social/empl_portal/publications/.../Chap1_Chart-84.xlsx
-  Eurostat (2016 a). Unemployment rate by sex and age - annual average, % http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/product?code=une_rt_a&language=en&mode=view
-  Eurostat (2016 b) Public expenditure on labour market policy supports, by type of action http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/tgm/table.do?tab=table&init=1&language=en&pcode=tps00078&plugin=1
-  Eurostat (2016 c). Unemployment rate by sex and age - monthly average, % http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=une_rt_m&lang=en
-  Dawson, S., Dargie, C., (2002). New Public Management; A discussion with special reference to UK health p. 34 [in:] McLaughlin K., Osborne S., Ferlie E., (eds.) New Public Management; Current trends and future prospects, Routledge, London 2002, ISBN 0-415-24363-7
-  Gilley, B. (2009). The Right to Rule. How States Win and Lose Legitimacy. New York: Columbia, University Press.
-  Gustavsen, A., Roiseland, A., Pierre, J., (2014). Procedure or performance? Assessing citizen’s attitudes toward legitimacy in Swedish and Norwegian local government Urban Research & Practice, Volume 7, Issue 2, DOI: 10.1080/17535069.2014.910924
-  Hahn J. (2014). The Visegrád Group – Growth Engine of Europe, International Conference Speech by Johannes Hahn, Commissioner for Regional Policy. Budapest: 24 June 2014, http://ec.europa.eu/regional_policy/upload/documents/Commissioner/Speech-Visegrad-4-Ministerial-meeting-on-Cohesion_24062014.pdf
-  Harrow J. (2002). New Public Management and social justice; just efficiency or equity as well? [in:] McLaughlin K., Osborne S., Ferlie E., (eds.) New Public Management; Current trends and future prospects, Routledge, London 2002, ISBN 0-415-24363-7
-  International Monetary Fund (2015). Report for Selected Countries and Subjects http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2014/01/weodata/weorept.aspx?pr.x=48&pr.y=18&sy=2013&ey=2019&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&c=964%2C935%2C936%2C944&s=PPPPC&grp=0&a=
-  Jarmołowicz, W., Knapińska, M. (2005). Polityka Państwa na rynku pracy w warunkach transformacji I integracji gospodarczej. Poznan University of Economics Press, Poznan.
-  King D., Rothstein B. (1994). Government Legitimacy and the Labour Market: A comparative analysis of employment exchanges, Public Administration, 71(2) 291-308.
-  McKevitt, D. (1998). Managing Core Public Services, Oxford, Basil Blackwell, ISBN 9780631193111, p. 45-47.
-  Osborne, D., Gabler, T., (1993). Reinventing Government: how the entrepreneurial spirit is transforming the Public Sector, New York, Penguin Group, ISBN 978-0452269422 p. 216-244
-  Sulich, A. (2016). The Young People’s Labour Market and Crisis of Integration in European Union, [in:] Kovarova, E., L. Melecky and M. Stanickova (eds.) Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on European Integration 2016. Ostrava: VSB – Technical University of Ostrava, 2016, pp. 926- 934. ISBN 978-80-248-3911-0
-  Tvrdon, M., (2014). Labour Market Performance and Decomposition of unemployment: the Case of Visegrad Group Countries, 8th International Scientific Conference “Business and Management 2014” May 15-16, Vilnus, Lithuania, Social and Economic Business Environment pp. 604-611. http://www.bm.vgtu.lt/index.php/bm/bm_2014/paper/viewFile/369/531
-  Wincenciak Ł., (2010). Graduates’ Characteristics and Labour Market Entry: Polish Experience. Ekonomista 6, 859-873
-  Zieliński, M. (2015). Unemployment and Labour Market Policy in Visegrad Group Countries, Equilibrium. Quarterly Journal of Economics and Economic Policy, 10(3), pp. 185-201.
Publication order reference