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2010 | 10 | 2 | 79 - 84
Article title

Chemokiny w patogenezie udaru niedokrwiennego mózgu

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EN
Chemokines in pathogenesis of ischaemic stroke
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EN PL
Abstracts
EN
Chemokines are cytokines which attract certain supopulations of leukocytes. They constitute the family of 50 proteins of low molecular weight (8-12 kDa). They are divided into four groups: CXC, CC, CX3C, C. Chemokines acts via receptors C-R, CC-R, CXC-R, CX3C-R. About 20 receptors for chemokines are described so far. Many chemokines may bind to one receptor and one chemokine may target more than one receptor. Chemokines exert many physiological activities as well as can be involved in pathogenesis of ischaemic stroke. The main role of chemokines is engagement into development of inflammatory reaction. Chemokines are engaged also in maturation and function of immunological system as well. Further they are engaged into pathogenesis of many other pathologies like myocardial infarction, ischaemic stroke, multiple sclerosis, Alzheimer’s disease, brain tumours. The increased expression of chemokines in the brain is induced by different stimulus as ischaemia, axonal damage, or presence of neurotoxic substances. Till now, many chemokines were investigated because of their participation in development of atheromatous plaque in carotid arteries of animal models and humans is increased as well. Expression of selected chemokines on atheromatous plaques from patients operated because of critical stenosis of internal carotid artery was described. Chemokines belonging to different classes (CCL2, CXCL1, CX3CL1, CCL5, CXCL1) with proven but not finally investigated participation in atherogenesis and its complications were analysed. Furthermore concentration of selected chemokines in peripheral blood and expression of some chemokines on peripheral blood mononuclear cells from patients with and without restenosis was also published. Chemokines are engaged also in complications of atherosclerosis such as ischaemic stroke or myocardial infarction. The goal of this review was to highlight the role of various chemokines and their receptors in such conditions. Experimental data with knock-out genes or agonists of chemokine receptors give the hope to development of new therapies for brain ischaemia.
PL
Chemokiny są cytokinami działającymi na określone subpopulacje leukocytów. Stanowią rodzinę ponad 50 białek o stosunkowo małej masie cząsteczkowej (8-12 kDa). Wyróżniamy kilka grup chemokin: CXC, CC, CX3C, C. Działają one na komórki docelowe za pośrednictwem odpowiednich receptorów C-R, CC-R, CXC-R, CX3C-R. Zidentyfikowano dotąd około 20 receptorów dla chemokin. Wykazano, że z danym receptorem mogą się zwykle wiązać różne chemokiny, a dana chemokina może wykazywać powinowactwo do więcej niż jednego receptora. Chemokiny są zaangażowane w szereg procesów fizjologicznych, m.in. w patogenezę udaru niedokrwiennego mózgu. Zasadnicza rola chemokin polega na ich udziale w rozwoju reakcji zapalnej. Chemokiny odgrywają również kluczową rolę w dojrzewaniu i funkcjonowaniu układu immunologicznego. Ponadto są zaangażowane w patogenezę wielu różnorodnych schorzeń, takich jak zawał mięśnia sercowego, udar mózgu, stwardnienie rozsiane, choroba Alzheimera, nowotwory mózgu. Zwiększona ekspresja chemokin w mózgu jest następstwem działania różnorodnych bodźców, takich jak niedokrwienie, uszkodzenie aksonalne czy obecność substancji o działaniu neurotoksycznym. Dotychczas przebadano wiele chemokin pod kątem ich udziału w rozwoju blaszki miażdżycowej w tętnicach szyjnych, zarówno na materiale zwierzęcym, jak i na materiale ludzkim. Oceniano między innymi ekspresję wybranych chemokin w blaszkach miażdżycowych pobranych od pacjentów z krytycznym zwężeniem tętnicy szyjnej wewnętrznej poddanych zabiegowi endarterektomii. Analizowano chemokiny należące do różnych klas o udowodnionym, ale nie do końca zbadanym udziale w patogenezie miażdżycy i jej powikłań (tj. CCL2, CXCL1, CX3CL1, CCL5, CXCL1). Ponadto oceniano stężenie wybranych chemokin we krwi obwodowej oraz ekspresję wybranych chemokin na komórkach jednojądrzastych krwi obwodowej u pacjentów z restenozą i bez niej. Są one także zaangażowane w patogenezę rozwoju powikłań blaszki miażdżycowej, tj. udaru niedokrwiennego mózgu czy zawału mięśnia sercowego. W niniejszej pracy przedstawiono dane dotyczące udziału różnych chemokin i ich receptorów. Wyniki badań eksperymentalnych z wyciszaniem genów czy zastosowaniem agonistów receptorów chemokinowych pozwalają mieć nadzieję na rozwój nowych terapii chorób naczyniowych.
Discipline
Publisher

Year
Volume
10
Issue
2
Pages
79 - 84
Physical description
Contributors
  • Oddział Kliniczny Propedeutyki Neurologicznej, Uniwersytet Medyczny, ul. Pabianicka 62, 93-513 Łódź
  • Oddział Kliniczny Propedeutyki Neurologicznej, Uniwersytet Medyczny, ul. Pabianicka 62, 93-513 Łódź
  • Oddział Kliniczny Propedeutyki Neurologicznej, Uniwersytet Medyczny, ul. Pabianicka 62, 93-513 Łódź
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article
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YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.psjd-6b3958be-f57b-4bc7-925f-965d3efbc1b5
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