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2017 | 13 | 3 | 352–362
Article title

Znaczenie suplementacji w regulacji zaburzeń strukturalnych oraz funkcjonalnych w ośrodkowym układzie nerwowym u osób z zespołem Downa

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Title variants
EN
The role of supplementation in the regulation of structural and functional central nervous system disorders among patients with Down syndrome
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PL EN
Abstracts
EN
Down syndrome is the most common genetic cause of intellectual disability in humans, which results from the presence of an extra chromosome 21. Significant progress has been made over the past years in expanding knowledge on molecular, structural and functional abnormalities in patients with Down syndrome. The obtained findings encouraged many scientists to attempt to use bioactive substances in in vivo and in vitro settings to inhibit central nervous system disorders. The use of supplements in the form of epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) contributes to improved mitochondrial function in neurons, reduced DYRK1A overexpression and limited overproduction of reactive oxygen species. Certain doses of resveratrol improve mitochondrial function, increase hippocampal progenitor cell proliferation and, similarly to curcumin and pomegranate juice, inhibit premature ageing and prevent Alzheimer’s disease. Furthermore, it was observed that the use of choline supplements during pregnancy in healthy and trisomic experimental animals contributed to the stimulation of hippocampal neurogenesis, improved concentration, mood and cognitive functions in the offspring.
PL
Zespół Downa jest najczęstszą genetyczną przyczyną niepełnosprawności intelektualnej u ludzi, wynikającą z obecności dodatkowego chromosomu 21. W ciągu ostatnich kilku lat dokonano znacznego postępu w pogłębieniu wiedzy na temat zaburzeń na poziomie molekularnym oraz strukturalnym i funkcjonalnym narządów i układów u osób z zespołem Downa. Otrzymane wyniki badań skłoniły wielu naukowców do podjęcia prób zastosowania substancji bioaktywnych in vivo i in vitro w celu zahamowania zaburzeń w obrębie ośrodkowego układu nerwowego. Zastosowanie suplementów w postaci galusanu epigallokatechiny (epigallocatechin gallate, EGCG) przyczynia się do poprawy funkcjonowania mitochondriów w neuronach, obniżenia nadekspresji genu DYRK1A oraz ograniczenia nadprodukcji reaktywnych form tlenu. Przyjmowanie określonych dawek resweratrolu wpływa na poprawę funkcjonowania mitochondriów, zwiększenie proliferacji komórek progenitorowych w hipokampie oraz podobnie jak kurkumina i sok z granatu hamuje przedwczesne starzenie organizmu i zapobiega wystąpieniu choroby Alzheimera. Zaobserwowano ponadto, iż zastosowanie suplementów choliny w okresie ciąży u zwierząt doświadczalnych zdrowych i z trisomią przyczyniło się do stymulacji neurogenezy w hipokampie, poprawy koncentracji, nastroju oraz funkcjonowania procesów poznawczych u potomstwa.
Discipline
Publisher

Year
Volume
13
Issue
3
Pages
352–362
Physical description
Contributors
  • Zakład Dietetyki, Wydział Nauk o Zdrowiu, Uniwersytet Medyczny we Wrocławiu, Wrocław, Polska
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Document Type
article
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YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.psjd-68908c93-ee8b-484b-83ad-27ab24796d1e
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