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2017 | 15 | 3 | 183–188
Article title

Lymphovascular space invasion, a prognostic marker for disease recurrence in patients with early endometrioid endometrial cancer

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Title variants
PL
Inwazja przestrzeni limfatycznej jako wskaźnik prognostyczny wznowy uchorych naendometrioidalnego raka trzonu macicy we wczesnym stopniu zaawansowania
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EN
Abstracts
EN
Aim of the study: To evaluate the clinicopathologic factors of early International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage I–II endometrioid endometrial cancer in a single institution and to emphasize factors contributing to recurrence. Material and methods: We selected several clinicopathologic factors including age, height, body weight, body mass index, cancer antigen-125, FIGO tumor grade, myometrial invasion, lymphovascular space invasion, estrogen receptor/ progesterone receptor status, and adjuvant radiation therapy or systemic chemotherapy. Univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazard model and Kaplan–Meier estimates were used for analyzing all clinicopathologic factors related to the risk of disease recurrence. Results: The median age was 55.05 years, and the median follow-up time was 35 months. Eleven patients (11%) showed disease recurrence, 3 patients – distant, and 8 patients – local metastasis. In univariate analysis, tumor grade (P = 0.0045) and lymphovascular space invasion (P = 0.0374) were associated with disease recurrence. Multivariate analysis demonstrated an association between any type of recurrence and lymphovascular space invasion (hazard ratio, HR, 6.308; 95% confidence interval, CI 1.851–11.484). Conclusions: Our study showed that the presence of lymphovascular space invasion is an important factor for disease recurrence in early endometrial cancer. Therefore, adjuvant systemic chemotherapy may be considered in patients with early endometrial cancer with lymphovascular space invasion.
PL
Celem pracy była ocena kliniczno-patologicznych cech endometrioidalnego raka błony śluzowej trzonu macicy w stadium I–II według klasyfikacji Międzynarodowej Federacji Ginekologii i Położnictwa (International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics, FIGO) w jednym ośrodku oraz podkreślenie czynników wpływających na wznowę choroby. Materiał i metody: W pracy wybrano kilka kliniczno-patologicznych czynników, takich jak wiek, wzrost, masa ciała, wskaźnik masy ciała, wartość antygenu nowotworowego CA-125, stopień w klasyfikacji FIGO, inwazja myometrium, inwazja przestrzeni limfatycznej, status receptorów estrogenowych/progesteronowych, a także radioterapia lub chemioterapia adiuwantowa. W celu oceny wszystkich cech kliniczno-patologicznych związanych z ryzykiem nawrotu choroby zastosowano jednoi wieloczynnikowy model proporcjonalnego ryzyka Coxa oraz analizę metodą Kaplana–Meiera. Wyniki: Mediana wieku wynosiła 55,05 roku, a mediana czasu obserwacji – 35 miesięcy. Nawrót choroby odnotowano u 11 chorych (11%): przerzuty odległe w 3, a wznowę miejscową w 8 przypadkach. W analizie jednoczynnikowej z nawrotem choroby powiązane były stopień złośliwości guza (P = 0,0045) oraz inwazja przestrzeni limfatycznej (P = 0,0374). Analiza wieloczynnikowa wykazała związek między każdym rodzajem nawrotu a inwazją przestrzeni limfatycznej (współczynnik ryzyka – hazard ratio, HR, 6,308; 95% przedział ufności CI 1,851–11,484). Wnioski: Wyniki niniejszego badania wskazują, że obecność inwazji przestrzeni limfatycznej jest ważnym czynnikiem nawrotu wczesnego raka endometrium. Można zatem rozważyć zastosowanie adiuwantowej chemioterapii u chorych na raka endometrium we wczesnym stopniu zaawansowania z inwazją przestrzeni limfatycznej.
Discipline
Publisher

Year
Volume
15
Issue
3
Pages
183–188
Physical description
Contributors
  • Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Dong-A University, College of Medicine, 26, Daesingongwon-ro, Seo-gu, Busan, 49201, Republic of Korea
author
  • Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Dong-A University, College of Medicine, 26, Daesingongwon-ro, Seo-gu, Busan, 49201, Republic of Korea, mdpjw1216@gmail.com
author
  • Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Dong-A University, College of Medicine, 26, Daesingongwon-ro, Seo-gu, Busan, 49201, Republic of Korea
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Document Type
article
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YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.psjd-6803a87b-5fad-495a-a3b9-3b8872d4afab
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